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Title: Response of alpha particles in hexagonal boron nitride neutron detectors

Abstract

Here, thermal neutron detectors were fabricated from 10B enriched h-BN epilayers of different thicknesses. The charge carrier generation and energy loss mechanisms as well as the range of alpha daughter particles generated by the nuclear reaction between thermal neutrons and 10B atoms in hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) thermal neutron detectors have been investigated via their responses to alpha particles from a 210Po source. The ranges of alpha particles in h-BN were found to be anisotropic, which increase with the angle (θ) between the trajectory of the alpha particles and c-axis of the h-BN epilayer following (cos θ)-1 and are 4.6 and 5.6 μm, respectively, for the alpha particles with energies of 1.47 MeV and 1.78 MeV at θ = 0. However, the energy loss of an alpha particle inside h-BN is determined by the number of layers it passes through with a constant energy loss rate of 107 eV per layer due to the layered structure of h-BN. Roughly 5 electron-hole pairs are generated when an alpha particle passes through each layer. It was also shown that the durability of h-BN thermal neutron detectors is excellent based on the calculation of boron vacancies generated (or 10B atoms consumed) by neutronmore » absorption. Finally, the results obtained here provide useful insights into the mechanisms of energy loss and charge carrier generation inside h-BN detectors and possible approaches to further improve the overall performance of h-BN thermal neutron detectors, as well as the ultimate spatial resolution of future neutron imaging devices or cameras based on h-BN epilayers.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1466219
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1361910
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002927; ECCS-1402886
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 110; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; collisional energy loss; particle generation; alpha particles; carrier generation; gas sensors; radiation detectors; neutron sources; neutrons; nuclear reactions

Citation Formats

Doan, T. C., Li, J., Lin, J. Y., and Jiang, H. X. Response of alpha particles in hexagonal boron nitride neutron detectors. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4984112.
Doan, T. C., Li, J., Lin, J. Y., & Jiang, H. X. Response of alpha particles in hexagonal boron nitride neutron detectors. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4984112
Doan, T. C., Li, J., Lin, J. Y., and Jiang, H. X. Wed . "Response of alpha particles in hexagonal boron nitride neutron detectors". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4984112. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1466219.
@article{osti_1466219,
title = {Response of alpha particles in hexagonal boron nitride neutron detectors},
author = {Doan, T. C. and Li, J. and Lin, J. Y. and Jiang, H. X.},
abstractNote = {Here, thermal neutron detectors were fabricated from 10B enriched h-BN epilayers of different thicknesses. The charge carrier generation and energy loss mechanisms as well as the range of alpha daughter particles generated by the nuclear reaction between thermal neutrons and 10B atoms in hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) thermal neutron detectors have been investigated via their responses to alpha particles from a 210Po source. The ranges of alpha particles in h-BN were found to be anisotropic, which increase with the angle (θ) between the trajectory of the alpha particles and c-axis of the h-BN epilayer following (cos θ)-1 and are 4.6 and 5.6 μm, respectively, for the alpha particles with energies of 1.47 MeV and 1.78 MeV at θ = 0. However, the energy loss of an alpha particle inside h-BN is determined by the number of layers it passes through with a constant energy loss rate of 107 eV per layer due to the layered structure of h-BN. Roughly 5 electron-hole pairs are generated when an alpha particle passes through each layer. It was also shown that the durability of h-BN thermal neutron detectors is excellent based on the calculation of boron vacancies generated (or 10B atoms consumed) by neutron absorption. Finally, the results obtained here provide useful insights into the mechanisms of energy loss and charge carrier generation inside h-BN detectors and possible approaches to further improve the overall performance of h-BN thermal neutron detectors, as well as the ultimate spatial resolution of future neutron imaging devices or cameras based on h-BN epilayers.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4984112},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 21,
volume = 110,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

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