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Title: Cysteamine-induced inhibition of acid neutralization and the increase in hydrogen ion back-diffusion in duodenal mucosa

To investigate the possible impairment of defensive mechanisms in cysteamine-induced duodenal ulceration, the effect of cysteamine on the neutralization of acid by the duodenum and the back-diffusion of hydrogen ions into the duodenal mucosa has been studied. The results obtained were as follows. (1) The intraduodenal pH started to decrease between 3 and 4 hr after cysteamine injection. (2) By perfusion of the duodenal loop excluding the opening of bile and pancreatic ducts, the amount of hydrogen ions (H+) neutralized was found to be significantly lower in cysteamine-treated animals than in the controls. (3) the back-diffusion of luminal H+ into the duodenal mucosa, estimated by measuring the H+ disappearance from the test solution including 100 mM HCl, was significantly increased by cysteamine. From these findings, it has been concluded that cysteamine reduces the resistance of duodenal mucosa to acid coming from the stomach.
Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6782067
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Dig. Dis. Sci.; (United States); Journal Volume: 27:3
Research Org:
First Department of Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Japan
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; MEA; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; SMALL INTESTINE; SENSITIVITY; BIOCHEMICAL REACTION KINETICS; MUCOUS MEMBRANES; PATHOLOGY; PH VALUE; ULCERS; AMINES; BODY; DIGESTIVE SYSTEM; DRUGS; GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT; INTESTINES; KINETICS; MEMBRANES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC SULFUR COMPOUNDS; ORGANS; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; RADIOPROTECTIVE SUBSTANCES; REACTION KINETICS; THIOLS 560306* -- Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology-- Man-- (-1987)