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Title: A method for determining the optimal delivered hydrogen pressure for fuel cell electric vehicles

Abstract

Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are considered an important part of a portfolio of options to address challenges in the transportation sector, including energy security and pollution reduction. The market success of FCEVs depends on standardization of key vehicle and infrastructure parameters, including the delivered hydrogen pressure (DHP). This paper developed and utilized the Hydrogen Optimal Pressure (HOP) model to systematically identify the optimal DHP among 350, 500, and 700 bar toward the lowest total consumer cost and analyze how the optimal DHP may be affected by attributes of drivers, vehicles, and hydrogen refueling stations. The DHP of 700 bar a robustly better choice than 350 bar or 500 bar for Region Strategy, regardless of fuel availability, FCEV adoption, driver types, time values, and fuel economies. A DHP of 300 or 500 bar can the winner in Cluster Strategy if combined with certain assumptions of driving patterns and time value. the optimal pressure is found to be very sensitive to fuel availability, fuel economy, driving pattern and time value. The appeal of a higher DHP such as 700 bar (or even higher) is more obvious during the early market stages, when the number of hydrogen stations is limited and earlymore » FCEV consumers likely have higher time value, and thus may be willing to pay more for the increased range with higher DHP. Finally, future research on mixed DHPs within a station and across stations is suggested.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Knoxville, TN (United States). National Transportation Research Center
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI (United States). Research & Advanced Engr. Fuel Cell Center
  4. Chevron Corporation, Richmond, CA (United States). Process & Equipment Engineering Energy Technology Company
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Knoxville, TN (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Fuel Cell Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1474701
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 216; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 08 HYDROGEN; fuel cell electric vehicle; hydrogen refueling station; on-board storage; optimization; driving range; hydrogen fueling pressure

Citation Formats

Lin, Zhenhong, Ou, Shiqi, Elgowainy, Amgad, Reddi, Krishna, Veenstra, Mike, and Verduzco, Laura. A method for determining the optimal delivered hydrogen pressure for fuel cell electric vehicles. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.02.041.
Lin, Zhenhong, Ou, Shiqi, Elgowainy, Amgad, Reddi, Krishna, Veenstra, Mike, & Verduzco, Laura. A method for determining the optimal delivered hydrogen pressure for fuel cell electric vehicles. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.02.041
Lin, Zhenhong, Ou, Shiqi, Elgowainy, Amgad, Reddi, Krishna, Veenstra, Mike, and Verduzco, Laura. Sat . "A method for determining the optimal delivered hydrogen pressure for fuel cell electric vehicles". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.02.041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474701.
@article{osti_1474701,
title = {A method for determining the optimal delivered hydrogen pressure for fuel cell electric vehicles},
author = {Lin, Zhenhong and Ou, Shiqi and Elgowainy, Amgad and Reddi, Krishna and Veenstra, Mike and Verduzco, Laura},
abstractNote = {Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are considered an important part of a portfolio of options to address challenges in the transportation sector, including energy security and pollution reduction. The market success of FCEVs depends on standardization of key vehicle and infrastructure parameters, including the delivered hydrogen pressure (DHP). This paper developed and utilized the Hydrogen Optimal Pressure (HOP) model to systematically identify the optimal DHP among 350, 500, and 700 bar toward the lowest total consumer cost and analyze how the optimal DHP may be affected by attributes of drivers, vehicles, and hydrogen refueling stations. The DHP of 700 bar a robustly better choice than 350 bar or 500 bar for Region Strategy, regardless of fuel availability, FCEV adoption, driver types, time values, and fuel economies. A DHP of 300 or 500 bar can the winner in Cluster Strategy if combined with certain assumptions of driving patterns and time value. the optimal pressure is found to be very sensitive to fuel availability, fuel economy, driving pattern and time value. The appeal of a higher DHP such as 700 bar (or even higher) is more obvious during the early market stages, when the number of hydrogen stations is limited and early FCEV consumers likely have higher time value, and thus may be willing to pay more for the increased range with higher DHP. Finally, future research on mixed DHPs within a station and across stations is suggested.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.02.041},
journal = {Applied Energy},
number = ,
volume = 216,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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Figure 1 Figure 1: Framework of Optimizing DHP

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Evaluating national hydrogen refueling infrastructure requirement and economic competitiveness of fuel cell electric long-haul trucks
    journal, November 2019

    • Liu, Nawei; Xie, Fei; Lin, Zhenhong
    • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 25, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-019-09896-z