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Title: Techno-economic analysis of conventional and advanced high-pressure tube trailer configurations for compressed hydrogen gas transportation and refueling

Abstract

Transporting compressed gaseous hydrogen in tube trailers to hydrogen refueling stations (HRSs) is an attractive economic option in early fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) markets. This study examines conventional (Type I, steel) and advanced (Type IV, composite) high-pressure tube trailer configurations to identify those that offer maximum payload and lowest cost per unit of deliverable payload under United States Department of Transportation (DOT) size and weight constraints. The study also evaluates the impacts of various tube trailer configurations and payloads on the transportation and refueling cost of hydrogen under various transportation distance and HRS capacity scenarios. Composite tube trailers can transport large hydrogen payloads, up to 1100 kg at 7300 psi (500 bar) working pressure, while steel tube trailer configurations are limited by DOT weight regulations and may transport a maximum hydrogen payload of approximately 270 kg. Using steel pressure vessels to transport hydrogen at high pressure is counterproductive because of the rapid increase in vessel weight with wall thickness. The most economic composite tube trailer configuration includes 30-inch-diameter vessels packed in a 3 x 3 array. A linear relationship between the deliverable payload and the capital cost of a composite tube trailer has been developed for configurations with themore » lowest cost-per-unit payload. The capital cost is approximately $1100 per kg of deliverable hydrogen payload. Considering the entire delivery pathway (including refueling), tube trailer configurations with smaller vessels packed in greater numbers enable higher payload delivery and lower delivery cost in terms of $/kg H-2, when delivering hydrogen over longer distances to large stations. Selection of the appropriate tube trailer configuration and corresponding hydrogen payload can reduce hydrogen delivery cost by up to 16%. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Fuel Cell Technologies (FCTO)
OSTI Identifier:
1461439
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
composite tubes; compressed hydrogen transportation; delivery cost; tube trailer

Citation Formats

Reddi, Krishna, Elgowainy, Amgad, Rustagi, Neha, and Gupta, Erika. Techno-economic analysis of conventional and advanced high-pressure tube trailer configurations for compressed hydrogen gas transportation and refueling. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.049.
Reddi, Krishna, Elgowainy, Amgad, Rustagi, Neha, & Gupta, Erika. Techno-economic analysis of conventional and advanced high-pressure tube trailer configurations for compressed hydrogen gas transportation and refueling. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.049.
Reddi, Krishna, Elgowainy, Amgad, Rustagi, Neha, and Gupta, Erika. Thu . "Techno-economic analysis of conventional and advanced high-pressure tube trailer configurations for compressed hydrogen gas transportation and refueling". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.049.
@article{osti_1461439,
title = {Techno-economic analysis of conventional and advanced high-pressure tube trailer configurations for compressed hydrogen gas transportation and refueling},
author = {Reddi, Krishna and Elgowainy, Amgad and Rustagi, Neha and Gupta, Erika},
abstractNote = {Transporting compressed gaseous hydrogen in tube trailers to hydrogen refueling stations (HRSs) is an attractive economic option in early fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) markets. This study examines conventional (Type I, steel) and advanced (Type IV, composite) high-pressure tube trailer configurations to identify those that offer maximum payload and lowest cost per unit of deliverable payload under United States Department of Transportation (DOT) size and weight constraints. The study also evaluates the impacts of various tube trailer configurations and payloads on the transportation and refueling cost of hydrogen under various transportation distance and HRS capacity scenarios. Composite tube trailers can transport large hydrogen payloads, up to 1100 kg at 7300 psi (500 bar) working pressure, while steel tube trailer configurations are limited by DOT weight regulations and may transport a maximum hydrogen payload of approximately 270 kg. Using steel pressure vessels to transport hydrogen at high pressure is counterproductive because of the rapid increase in vessel weight with wall thickness. The most economic composite tube trailer configuration includes 30-inch-diameter vessels packed in a 3 x 3 array. A linear relationship between the deliverable payload and the capital cost of a composite tube trailer has been developed for configurations with the lowest cost-per-unit payload. The capital cost is approximately $1100 per kg of deliverable hydrogen payload. Considering the entire delivery pathway (including refueling), tube trailer configurations with smaller vessels packed in greater numbers enable higher payload delivery and lower delivery cost in terms of $/kg H-2, when delivering hydrogen over longer distances to large stations. Selection of the appropriate tube trailer configuration and corresponding hydrogen payload can reduce hydrogen delivery cost by up to 16%. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.049},
journal = {International Journal of Hydrogen Energy},
issn = {0360-3199},
number = 9,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}