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Title: Polarization loss correction derived from hydrogen local-resistance measurement in low Pt-loaded polymer-electrolyte fuel cells

The reduction of platinum-loading on the cathode side of polymer-electrolyte fuel cells leads to a poorly understood increase in mass-transport resistance (MTR) at high current densities. This local resistance was measured using a facile hydrogen-pump technique with dilute active gases for membrane-electrode assemblies with catalyst layers of varying platinum-loading (0.03-0.40 mgPt/cm²). Furthermore, polarization curves in H 2/air were measured and corrected for the overpotential caused by the increased MTR for low loadings on the air side due to the reduced concentration of reactant gas at the catalyst surface. The difference in performance after correction for all resistances including the MTR is minor, suggesting its origin to be diffusive in nature, and proving the meaningfulness of the facile hydrogen-pump technique for the characterization of the cathode catalyst layer under defined operation conditions.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching (Germany)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Electrochemistry Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 79; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1388-2481
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; Hydrogen fuel cell; PEFC; low Pt-loading; local resistance; polarization loss
OSTI Identifier:
1379865
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397971

Freiberg, Anna T. S., Tucker, Michael C., and Weber, Adam Z.. Polarization loss correction derived from hydrogen local-resistance measurement in low Pt-loaded polymer-electrolyte fuel cells. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2017.04.008.
Freiberg, Anna T. S., Tucker, Michael C., & Weber, Adam Z.. Polarization loss correction derived from hydrogen local-resistance measurement in low Pt-loaded polymer-electrolyte fuel cells. United States. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2017.04.008.
Freiberg, Anna T. S., Tucker, Michael C., and Weber, Adam Z.. 2017. "Polarization loss correction derived from hydrogen local-resistance measurement in low Pt-loaded polymer-electrolyte fuel cells". United States. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2017.04.008. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379865.
@article{osti_1379865,
title = {Polarization loss correction derived from hydrogen local-resistance measurement in low Pt-loaded polymer-electrolyte fuel cells},
author = {Freiberg, Anna T. S. and Tucker, Michael C. and Weber, Adam Z.},
abstractNote = {The reduction of platinum-loading on the cathode side of polymer-electrolyte fuel cells leads to a poorly understood increase in mass-transport resistance (MTR) at high current densities. This local resistance was measured using a facile hydrogen-pump technique with dilute active gases for membrane-electrode assemblies with catalyst layers of varying platinum-loading (0.03-0.40 mgPt/cm²). Furthermore, polarization curves in H2/air were measured and corrected for the overpotential caused by the increased MTR for low loadings on the air side due to the reduced concentration of reactant gas at the catalyst surface. The difference in performance after correction for all resistances including the MTR is minor, suggesting its origin to be diffusive in nature, and proving the meaningfulness of the facile hydrogen-pump technique for the characterization of the cathode catalyst layer under defined operation conditions.},
doi = {10.1016/j.elecom.2017.04.008},
journal = {Electrochemistry Communications},
number = C,
volume = 79,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}