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Title: Eu 3+-doped wide band gap Zn 2SnO 4 semiconductor nanoparticles: Structure and luminescence

Nanocrystalline Zn 2SnO 4 powders doped with Eu 3+ ions were synthesized via a mechanochemical solid-state reaction method followed by postannealing in air at 1200 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), and Raman and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies provide convincing evidence for the incorporation of Eu 3+ ions into the host matrix on noncentrosymmetric sites of the cubic inverse spinel lattice. Microstructural analysis shows that the crystalline grain size decreases with the addition of Eu 3+. Formation of a nanocrystalline Eu 2Sn 2O 7 secondary phase is also observed. Luminescence spectra of Eu 3+-doped samples show several emissions, including narrow-band magnetic dipole emission at 595 nm and electric dipole emission at 615 nm of the Eu 3+ ions. Excitation spectra and lifetime measurements suggest that Eu 3+ ions are incorporated at only one symmetry site. According to the crystal field theory, it is assumed that Eu 3+ ions participate at octahedral sites of Zn 2+ or Sn 4+ under a weak crystal field, rather than at the tetrahedral sites of Zn2+, because of the high octahedral stabilization energy for Eu 3+. Activation of symmetry forbidden (IR-active and silent) modes is observed in the Raman scattering spectra of both pure andmore » doped samples, indicating a disorder of the cation sublattice of Zn 2SnO 4 nanocrystallites. These results were further supported by the first principle lattice dynamics calculations. The spinel-type Zn 2SnO 4 shows effectiveness in hosting Eu 3+ ions, which could be used as a prospective green/red emitter. As a result, this work also illustrates how sustainable and simple preparation methods could be used for effective engineering of material properties.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [2]
  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC), Barcelona (Spain)
  2. Univ. of Novi Sad, Novi Sad (Serbia)
  3. Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States)
  4. Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC), Barcelona (Spain)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-67318
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 33; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; nanoparticles; doping; analysis
OSTI Identifier:
1330001