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Title: Impact of Rare Earth Gd{sup 3+} Ions on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} Spinel Ferrite: Useful for Advanced Spintronic Technologies

Abstract

In this article, we have synthesized the Gd{sup 3+}-doped Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} (x = 0.05, 0.07, 1.0) ferrite samples using solid-state reaction route. The effects of Gd{sup 3+} doping on structural, vibrational, electrical and magnetic properties were studied. Structural and vibrational properties were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, and FTIR spectroscopy. XRD data indicate that the Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} ceramics crystallize in single-phase spinel cubic (Fd3m space group) structure. Infrared spectra show two strong absorption bands in the frequency range of 400–600 cm{sup −1} which were, respectively, attributed to tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the spinel ferrite. All the prepared samples show the typical dielectric dispersion having Maxwell–Wagner-type interfacial polarization. Decrease in dielectric constant and loss tangent has been observed with frequency and doping concentration. M − H plots reveal that all the samples exhibit ferrimagnetic nature at room temperature. A significant increase in the saturation magnetization has been observed upon the substitution of Gd{sup 3+} ions. All the as-prepared samples are isotropic and soft magnetic materials. These ferrite compounds are advantageous in advanced high-density data storage and high-frequency devices applications.

Authors:
; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Southeast University, Jiangning District, School of Physics (China)
  2. Shanghai University, Department of Physics and International Centre for Quantum and Molecular Structures (ICQMS) (China)
  3. Devi Ahilya University, School of Physics (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22776978
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature; Article Copyright (c) 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC; http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1557-1939
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CERAMICS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CUBIC LATTICES; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; DOPED MATERIALS; FERRITES; FREQUENCY RANGE; GADOLINIUM IONS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; POLARIZATION; SOLIDS; SPACE GROUPS; SPINELS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Kumar, Ashwini, Shen, Jingdong, Yang, Wenbo, Zhao, Huihui, Sharma, Poorva, Varshney, Dinesh, and Li, Qi. Impact of Rare Earth Gd{sup 3+} Ions on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} Spinel Ferrite: Useful for Advanced Spintronic Technologies. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1007/S10948-017-4273-4.
Kumar, Ashwini, Shen, Jingdong, Yang, Wenbo, Zhao, Huihui, Sharma, Poorva, Varshney, Dinesh, & Li, Qi. Impact of Rare Earth Gd{sup 3+} Ions on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} Spinel Ferrite: Useful for Advanced Spintronic Technologies. United States. doi:10.1007/S10948-017-4273-4.
Kumar, Ashwini, Shen, Jingdong, Yang, Wenbo, Zhao, Huihui, Sharma, Poorva, Varshney, Dinesh, and Li, Qi. Sun . "Impact of Rare Earth Gd{sup 3+} Ions on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} Spinel Ferrite: Useful for Advanced Spintronic Technologies". United States. doi:10.1007/S10948-017-4273-4.
@article{osti_22776978,
title = {Impact of Rare Earth Gd{sup 3+} Ions on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} Spinel Ferrite: Useful for Advanced Spintronic Technologies},
author = {Kumar, Ashwini and Shen, Jingdong and Yang, Wenbo and Zhao, Huihui and Sharma, Poorva and Varshney, Dinesh and Li, Qi},
abstractNote = {In this article, we have synthesized the Gd{sup 3+}-doped Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} (x = 0.05, 0.07, 1.0) ferrite samples using solid-state reaction route. The effects of Gd{sup 3+} doping on structural, vibrational, electrical and magnetic properties were studied. Structural and vibrational properties were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, and FTIR spectroscopy. XRD data indicate that the Ni{sub 0.5}Zn{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2−x}Gd{sub x}O{sub 4} ceramics crystallize in single-phase spinel cubic (Fd3m space group) structure. Infrared spectra show two strong absorption bands in the frequency range of 400–600 cm{sup −1} which were, respectively, attributed to tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the spinel ferrite. All the prepared samples show the typical dielectric dispersion having Maxwell–Wagner-type interfacial polarization. Decrease in dielectric constant and loss tangent has been observed with frequency and doping concentration. M − H plots reveal that all the samples exhibit ferrimagnetic nature at room temperature. A significant increase in the saturation magnetization has been observed upon the substitution of Gd{sup 3+} ions. All the as-prepared samples are isotropic and soft magnetic materials. These ferrite compounds are advantageous in advanced high-density data storage and high-frequency devices applications.},
doi = {10.1007/S10948-017-4273-4},
journal = {Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism},
issn = {1557-1939},
number = 4,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}