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Title: Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions

Abstract

Aerosols in the middle and upper troposphere have a long enough lifetime for trans-Pacific transport from East Asia to North America to influence air quality on the west coast of the United States (US). Here, we conduct quasi-global simulations (180 °W–180 °E and 70 °S–75 °N) from 2010 to 2014 using an updated version of WRF-Chem (Weather Research and Forecasting model fully coupled with chemistry) to analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions of trans-Pacific aerosol transport. We find that trans-Pacific total aerosols have a maximum mass concentration (about 15 µg m –3) in the boreal spring with a peak between 3 and 4 km above the surface around 40 °N. Sea salt and dust dominate the total aerosol mass concentration below 1 km and above 4 km, respectively. About 80.8 Tg of total aerosols (48.7 Tg of dust) are exported annually from East Asia, of which 26.7 Tg of aerosols (13.4 Tg of dust) reach the west coast of the US. Dust contributions from four desert regions in the Northern Hemisphere are analyzed using a tracer-tagging technique. About 4.9, 3.9, and 4.5 Tg year –1 of dust aerosol emitted from north Africa, the Middle East and central Asia, andmore » East Asia, respectively, can be transported to the west coast of the US. The trans-Pacific aerosols dominate the column-integrated aerosol mass (~65.5 %) and number concentration (~80 %) over western North America. Radiation budget analysis shows that the inflow aerosols could contribute about 86.4 % (–2.91 W m –2) at the surface, 85.5 % (+1.36 W m –2) in the atmosphere, and 87.1 % (–1.55 W m –2) at the top of atmosphere to total aerosol radiative effect over western North America. However, near the surface in central and eastern North America, aerosols are mainly derived from local emissions, and the radiative effect of imported aerosols decreases rapidly. This study motivates further investigations of the potential impacts of trans-Pacific aerosols from East Asia on regional air quality and the hydrological cycle in North America.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [5];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lanzhou Univ., Lanzhou (China). Key Lab. for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of Education, College of Atmospheric Sciences
  2. Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Anhui (China). School of Earth and Space Science
  3. Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou (China). Key Lab. of Land-surface Process and Climate Change in Cold and Arid Regions, Northwest Inst. of Eco-environment and Resources
  4. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Dept. of Geography and Atmospheric Science
  5. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Div.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1577079
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-148835
Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 19; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Hu, Zhiyuan, Huang, Jianping, Zhao, Chun, Ma, Yuanyuan, Jin, Qinjian, Qian, Yun, Leung, L. Ruby, Bi, Jianrong, and Ma, Jianmin. Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.5194/acp-19-12709-2019.
Hu, Zhiyuan, Huang, Jianping, Zhao, Chun, Ma, Yuanyuan, Jin, Qinjian, Qian, Yun, Leung, L. Ruby, Bi, Jianrong, & Ma, Jianmin. Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions. United States. doi:10.5194/acp-19-12709-2019.
Hu, Zhiyuan, Huang, Jianping, Zhao, Chun, Ma, Yuanyuan, Jin, Qinjian, Qian, Yun, Leung, L. Ruby, Bi, Jianrong, and Ma, Jianmin. Thu . "Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions". United States. doi:10.5194/acp-19-12709-2019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1577079.
@article{osti_1577079,
title = {Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions},
author = {Hu, Zhiyuan and Huang, Jianping and Zhao, Chun and Ma, Yuanyuan and Jin, Qinjian and Qian, Yun and Leung, L. Ruby and Bi, Jianrong and Ma, Jianmin},
abstractNote = {Aerosols in the middle and upper troposphere have a long enough lifetime for trans-Pacific transport from East Asia to North America to influence air quality on the west coast of the United States (US). Here, we conduct quasi-global simulations (180 °W–180 °E and 70 °S–75 °N) from 2010 to 2014 using an updated version of WRF-Chem (Weather Research and Forecasting model fully coupled with chemistry) to analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions of trans-Pacific aerosol transport. We find that trans-Pacific total aerosols have a maximum mass concentration (about 15 µg m–3) in the boreal spring with a peak between 3 and 4 km above the surface around 40 °N. Sea salt and dust dominate the total aerosol mass concentration below 1 km and above 4 km, respectively. About 80.8 Tg of total aerosols (48.7 Tg of dust) are exported annually from East Asia, of which 26.7 Tg of aerosols (13.4 Tg of dust) reach the west coast of the US. Dust contributions from four desert regions in the Northern Hemisphere are analyzed using a tracer-tagging technique. About 4.9, 3.9, and 4.5 Tg year–1 of dust aerosol emitted from north Africa, the Middle East and central Asia, and East Asia, respectively, can be transported to the west coast of the US. The trans-Pacific aerosols dominate the column-integrated aerosol mass (~65.5 %) and number concentration (~80 %) over western North America. Radiation budget analysis shows that the inflow aerosols could contribute about 86.4 % (–2.91 W m–2) at the surface, 85.5 % (+1.36 W m–2) in the atmosphere, and 87.1 % (–1.55 W m–2) at the top of atmosphere to total aerosol radiative effect over western North America. However, near the surface in central and eastern North America, aerosols are mainly derived from local emissions, and the radiative effect of imported aerosols decreases rapidly. This study motivates further investigations of the potential impacts of trans-Pacific aerosols from East Asia on regional air quality and the hydrological cycle in North America.},
doi = {10.5194/acp-19-12709-2019},
journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)},
number = 19,
volume = 19,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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