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Title: Impacts of interactive dust and its direct radiative forcing on interannual variations of temperature and precipitation in winter over East Asia

Abstract

In this work, we used 150-year pre-industrial simulations of the Community Earth System Model (CESM) to quantify the impacts of interactively-modeled dust emissions on the interannual variations of temperature and precipitation over East Asia during the East Asian Winter Monsoon (EAWM) season. The simulated December-January-February dust column burden and dust optical depth are lower over northern China in the strongest EAWM years than those of the weakest years, with regional mean values lower by 38.3% and 37.2%, respectively. The decrease in dust over the dust source regions (the Taklamakan and Gobi Deserts) and the downwind region (such as the North China Plain) leads to an increase in direct radiative forcing (RF) both at the surface and top of atmosphere by up to 1.5 and 0.75 W m-2, respectively. The effects of EAWM-related variations in surface winds, precipitation and their effects on dust emissions and wet removal contribute about 67% to the total dust-induced variations of direct RF at the surface and partly offset the cooling that occurs with the EAWM strengthening by heating the surface. The variations of surface air temperature induced by the changes in wind and dust emissions increase by 0.4-0.6 K over eastern coastal China, northeastern China,more » and Japan, which weakens the impact of EAWM on surface air temperature by 3–18% in these regions. The warming results from the combined effects of changes in direct RF and easterly wind anomalies that bring warm air from the ocean to these regions. Moreover, the feedback of the changes in wind on dust emissions weakens the variations of the sea level pressure gradient on the Siberian High while enhancing the Maritime Continent Low. Therefore, cold air is prevented from being transported from Siberia, Kazakhstan, western and central China to the western Pacific Ocean and decreases surface air temperature by 0.6 K and 2 K over central China and the Tibetan Plateau, respectively. Over eastern coastal China, the variations of large-scale precipitation induced by the feedback of EAWM-related changes in wind on dust emissions increase by 10-30% in winter because of the increase in surface air temperature and the anomalous circulation.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Inst. of Oceanography; Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Atmospheric Science and Global Change Div. (ASGC)
  2. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Inst. of Oceanography
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Atmospheric Science and Global Change Div. (ASGC)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1398195
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1376732
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-123079
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X; KP1703040
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; AGS1048995; SC0006679; AC02- 05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; dust aerosol; East Asia winter monsoon; direct radiative forcing; temperature; precipitation

Citation Formats

Lou, Sijia, Russell, Lynn M., Yang, Yang, Liu, Ying, Singh, Balwinder, and Ghan, Steven J. Impacts of interactive dust and its direct radiative forcing on interannual variations of temperature and precipitation in winter over East Asia. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017JD027267.
Lou, Sijia, Russell, Lynn M., Yang, Yang, Liu, Ying, Singh, Balwinder, & Ghan, Steven J. Impacts of interactive dust and its direct radiative forcing on interannual variations of temperature and precipitation in winter over East Asia. United States. doi:10.1002/2017JD027267.
Lou, Sijia, Russell, Lynn M., Yang, Yang, Liu, Ying, Singh, Balwinder, and Ghan, Steven J. Thu . "Impacts of interactive dust and its direct radiative forcing on interannual variations of temperature and precipitation in winter over East Asia". United States. doi:10.1002/2017JD027267. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1398195.
@article{osti_1398195,
title = {Impacts of interactive dust and its direct radiative forcing on interannual variations of temperature and precipitation in winter over East Asia},
author = {Lou, Sijia and Russell, Lynn M. and Yang, Yang and Liu, Ying and Singh, Balwinder and Ghan, Steven J.},
abstractNote = {In this work, we used 150-year pre-industrial simulations of the Community Earth System Model (CESM) to quantify the impacts of interactively-modeled dust emissions on the interannual variations of temperature and precipitation over East Asia during the East Asian Winter Monsoon (EAWM) season. The simulated December-January-February dust column burden and dust optical depth are lower over northern China in the strongest EAWM years than those of the weakest years, with regional mean values lower by 38.3% and 37.2%, respectively. The decrease in dust over the dust source regions (the Taklamakan and Gobi Deserts) and the downwind region (such as the North China Plain) leads to an increase in direct radiative forcing (RF) both at the surface and top of atmosphere by up to 1.5 and 0.75 W m-2, respectively. The effects of EAWM-related variations in surface winds, precipitation and their effects on dust emissions and wet removal contribute about 67% to the total dust-induced variations of direct RF at the surface and partly offset the cooling that occurs with the EAWM strengthening by heating the surface. The variations of surface air temperature induced by the changes in wind and dust emissions increase by 0.4-0.6 K over eastern coastal China, northeastern China, and Japan, which weakens the impact of EAWM on surface air temperature by 3–18% in these regions. The warming results from the combined effects of changes in direct RF and easterly wind anomalies that bring warm air from the ocean to these regions. Moreover, the feedback of the changes in wind on dust emissions weakens the variations of the sea level pressure gradient on the Siberian High while enhancing the Maritime Continent Low. Therefore, cold air is prevented from being transported from Siberia, Kazakhstan, western and central China to the western Pacific Ocean and decreases surface air temperature by 0.6 K and 2 K over central China and the Tibetan Plateau, respectively. Over eastern coastal China, the variations of large-scale precipitation induced by the feedback of EAWM-related changes in wind on dust emissions increase by 10-30% in winter because of the increase in surface air temperature and the anomalous circulation.},
doi = {10.1002/2017JD027267},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 16,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

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