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Title: The Brazilian Earth System Model ocean–atmosphere (BESM-OA) version 2.5: evaluation of its CMIP5 historical simulation

Abstract

The performance of the coupled ocean–atmosphere component of the Brazilian Earth SystemModel version 2.5 (BESM-OA2.5) was evaluated in simulating the historical period1850–2005. After a climate model validation procedure in which the main atmospheric andoceanic variabilities were evaluated against observed and reanalysis datasets, theevaluation specifically focused on the mean climate state and the most importantlarge-scale climate variability patterns simulated in the historical run, which wasforced by the observed greenhouse gas concentration. The most significant upgrades in themodel's components are also briefly presented here. BESM-OA2.5 could reproduce the mostimportant large-scale variabilities, particularly over the Atlantic Ocean (e.g., theNorth Atlantic Oscillation, the Atlantic Meridional Mode, and the Atlantic MeridionalOverturning Circulation), and the extratropical modes that occur in both hemispheres. Themodel's ability to simulate such large-scale variabilities supports its usefulness forseasonal climate prediction and in climate change studies.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3]
  1. National Inst. for Space Research (INPE), São Paulo (Brazil)
  2. Amazonas State Univ. (UEA) (Brazil)
  3. Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1565791
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geoscientific Model Development (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Geoscientific Model Development (Online); Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1991-9603
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Veiga, Sandro F., Nobre, Paulo, Giarolla, Emanuel, Capistrano, Vinicius, Baptista Jr., Manoel, Marquez, André L., Figueroa, Silvio Nilo, Bonatti, José Paulo, Kubota, Paulo, and Nobre, Carlos A. The Brazilian Earth System Model ocean–atmosphere (BESM-OA) version 2.5: evaluation of its CMIP5 historical simulation. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1613-2019.
Veiga, Sandro F., Nobre, Paulo, Giarolla, Emanuel, Capistrano, Vinicius, Baptista Jr., Manoel, Marquez, André L., Figueroa, Silvio Nilo, Bonatti, José Paulo, Kubota, Paulo, & Nobre, Carlos A. The Brazilian Earth System Model ocean–atmosphere (BESM-OA) version 2.5: evaluation of its CMIP5 historical simulation. United States. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1613-2019.
Veiga, Sandro F., Nobre, Paulo, Giarolla, Emanuel, Capistrano, Vinicius, Baptista Jr., Manoel, Marquez, André L., Figueroa, Silvio Nilo, Bonatti, José Paulo, Kubota, Paulo, and Nobre, Carlos A. Wed . "The Brazilian Earth System Model ocean–atmosphere (BESM-OA) version 2.5: evaluation of its CMIP5 historical simulation". United States. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-1613-2019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1565791.
@article{osti_1565791,
title = {The Brazilian Earth System Model ocean–atmosphere (BESM-OA) version 2.5: evaluation of its CMIP5 historical simulation},
author = {Veiga, Sandro F. and Nobre, Paulo and Giarolla, Emanuel and Capistrano, Vinicius and Baptista Jr., Manoel and Marquez, André L. and Figueroa, Silvio Nilo and Bonatti, José Paulo and Kubota, Paulo and Nobre, Carlos A.},
abstractNote = {The performance of the coupled ocean–atmosphere component of the Brazilian Earth SystemModel version 2.5 (BESM-OA2.5) was evaluated in simulating the historical period1850–2005. After a climate model validation procedure in which the main atmospheric andoceanic variabilities were evaluated against observed and reanalysis datasets, theevaluation specifically focused on the mean climate state and the most importantlarge-scale climate variability patterns simulated in the historical run, which wasforced by the observed greenhouse gas concentration. The most significant upgrades in themodel's components are also briefly presented here. BESM-OA2.5 could reproduce the mostimportant large-scale variabilities, particularly over the Atlantic Ocean (e.g., theNorth Atlantic Oscillation, the Atlantic Meridional Mode, and the Atlantic MeridionalOverturning Circulation), and the extratropical modes that occur in both hemispheres. Themodel's ability to simulate such large-scale variabilities supports its usefulness forseasonal climate prediction and in climate change studies.},
doi = {10.5194/gmd-12-1613-2019},
journal = {Geoscientific Model Development (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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