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Title: Polarity-Controlled Attachment of Cytochrome C for High-Performance Cytochrome C/Graphene van der Waals Heterojunction Photodetectors

Abstract

Biomolecule/graphene van der Waals heterojunction provides a generic platform for designing high-performance, flexible, and scalable optoelectronics. A key challenge is, in controllable attachment, the biomolecules to form a desired interfacial electronic structure for a high-efficiency optoelectronic process of photoabsorption, exciton dissociation into photocarriers, carrier transfer, and transport. Here, it is shown that a polarity-controlled attachment of the Cytochrome c (Cyt c) biomolecules can be achieved on the channel of graphene field effect transistors (GFET). High-efficiency charge transfer across the formed Cyt c/graphene interface is demonstrated when Cyt c attaches with positively charged side to GFET as predicted by molecular dynamics simulation and confirmed experimentally. This Cyt c/GFET van der Waals heterojunction nanohybrid photodetector exhibits a spectral photoresponsivity resembling the absorption spectrum of the Cyt c, confirming the role of Cty c as the photosensitizer in the device. The high visible photoresponsivity up to 7.57 × 104 A W-1 can be attributed to the high photoconductive gain in exceeding 105 facilitated by the high carrier mobility in graphene. This result therefore demonstrates a viable approach in synthesis of the biomolecule/graphene van der Waals heterojunction optoelectronics using polarity-controlled biomolecule attachment, which can be expanded for on-chip printing of high-performance molecular optoelectronics.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States)
  2. Univ. of Missouri, Kansas City, MO (United States)
  3. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); South Univ. of Science and Technology, Guangdong (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1543458
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1410705
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Chemistry; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Materials Science; Physics

Citation Formats

Gong, Maogang, Adhikari, Puja, Gong, Youpin, Wang, Ti, Liu, Qingfeng, Kattel, Bhupal, Ching, Wai-Yim, Chan, Wai-Lun, and Wu, Judy Z. Polarity-Controlled Attachment of Cytochrome C for High-Performance Cytochrome C/Graphene van der Waals Heterojunction Photodetectors. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201704797.
Gong, Maogang, Adhikari, Puja, Gong, Youpin, Wang, Ti, Liu, Qingfeng, Kattel, Bhupal, Ching, Wai-Yim, Chan, Wai-Lun, & Wu, Judy Z. Polarity-Controlled Attachment of Cytochrome C for High-Performance Cytochrome C/Graphene van der Waals Heterojunction Photodetectors. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201704797.
Gong, Maogang, Adhikari, Puja, Gong, Youpin, Wang, Ti, Liu, Qingfeng, Kattel, Bhupal, Ching, Wai-Yim, Chan, Wai-Lun, and Wu, Judy Z. Thu . "Polarity-Controlled Attachment of Cytochrome C for High-Performance Cytochrome C/Graphene van der Waals Heterojunction Photodetectors". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201704797. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1543458.
@article{osti_1543458,
title = {Polarity-Controlled Attachment of Cytochrome C for High-Performance Cytochrome C/Graphene van der Waals Heterojunction Photodetectors},
author = {Gong, Maogang and Adhikari, Puja and Gong, Youpin and Wang, Ti and Liu, Qingfeng and Kattel, Bhupal and Ching, Wai-Yim and Chan, Wai-Lun and Wu, Judy Z.},
abstractNote = {Biomolecule/graphene van der Waals heterojunction provides a generic platform for designing high-performance, flexible, and scalable optoelectronics. A key challenge is, in controllable attachment, the biomolecules to form a desired interfacial electronic structure for a high-efficiency optoelectronic process of photoabsorption, exciton dissociation into photocarriers, carrier transfer, and transport. Here, it is shown that a polarity-controlled attachment of the Cytochrome c (Cyt c) biomolecules can be achieved on the channel of graphene field effect transistors (GFET). High-efficiency charge transfer across the formed Cyt c/graphene interface is demonstrated when Cyt c attaches with positively charged side to GFET as predicted by molecular dynamics simulation and confirmed experimentally. This Cyt c/GFET van der Waals heterojunction nanohybrid photodetector exhibits a spectral photoresponsivity resembling the absorption spectrum of the Cyt c, confirming the role of Cty c as the photosensitizer in the device. The high visible photoresponsivity up to 7.57 × 104 A W-1 can be attributed to the high photoconductive gain in exceeding 105 facilitated by the high carrier mobility in graphene. This result therefore demonstrates a viable approach in synthesis of the biomolecule/graphene van der Waals heterojunction optoelectronics using polarity-controlled biomolecule attachment, which can be expanded for on-chip printing of high-performance molecular optoelectronics.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201704797},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 5,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) Schematic image of the Cyt c/GFET heterojunction photodetector (upper). Image of a GFET channel before and after the Cyt c was printed on its channel, respectively (the scale bar is 5 μm). (b) Partial charge distribution in Cyt c (1HRC) obtained from the simulation. (c) A schematicmore » image of Cyt c polarity-controlled absorption on graphene under an electrostatic field. (d) Source-drain current of a GFET measured under dark in air (top) and in vacuum (bottom) before and after the Cyt c was printed on the GFET channel of about 4.3 μm (Length) × 11.6 μm (Width). The inset shows the Fermi level change corresponding to the four ID-VBG curves.« less

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