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Title: Tunable Infrared Devices via Ferroelectric Domain Reconfiguration

Despite widespread use in sensing, electro–optics, and catalysis, plasmonic elements are typically static in their spectral response. The subwavelength spatial confinement and enhanced electric fields intrinsic to plasmons provide a lever to realize dynamic spectral tunability—and thus multifunctional optical components—as small alterations in their dielectric environment are amplified by these effects. Here, electric–field (DC) control of phonon modes is leveraged in lead zirconate titante (PZT) ferroelectric bilayers to create tunable long–wave infrared (LWIR) plasmonic devices that demonstrate a combination of advantages—speed (>10 kHz), latching, and low–power switching (<1 µJ mm –2)—unavailable together in approaches reported heretofore. Mechanistically, bias–induced domain reconfiguration alters the phonon energies defining PZT's optical permittivity, which determines the gap plasmon formed within the ferroelectric resting between patterned metal contacts. Furthermore the utility of ferroelectrics for tunable plasmonic devices is thus demonstrated while highlighting the promise of leveraging phonons for these purposes.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Missouri Univ. of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  5. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; NA0003525
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Optical Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 2195-1071
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; electrically tunable; ferroelectrics; infrared devices; phonons; plasmonics
OSTI Identifier:
1505602
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1480873

Beechem, Thomas E., Goldflam, Michael D., Sinclair, Michael B., Peters, David W., McDonald, Anthony E., Paisley, Elizabeth A., Kitahara, Andrew R., Drury, Daniel E., Burckel, D. Bruce, Finnegan, Patrick S., Kim, Jong -Woo, Choi, Yongseong, Ryan, Philip J., and Ihlefeld, Jon F.. Tunable Infrared Devices via Ferroelectric Domain Reconfiguration. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/adom.201800862.
Beechem, Thomas E., Goldflam, Michael D., Sinclair, Michael B., Peters, David W., McDonald, Anthony E., Paisley, Elizabeth A., Kitahara, Andrew R., Drury, Daniel E., Burckel, D. Bruce, Finnegan, Patrick S., Kim, Jong -Woo, Choi, Yongseong, Ryan, Philip J., & Ihlefeld, Jon F.. Tunable Infrared Devices via Ferroelectric Domain Reconfiguration. United States. doi:10.1002/adom.201800862.
Beechem, Thomas E., Goldflam, Michael D., Sinclair, Michael B., Peters, David W., McDonald, Anthony E., Paisley, Elizabeth A., Kitahara, Andrew R., Drury, Daniel E., Burckel, D. Bruce, Finnegan, Patrick S., Kim, Jong -Woo, Choi, Yongseong, Ryan, Philip J., and Ihlefeld, Jon F.. 2018. "Tunable Infrared Devices via Ferroelectric Domain Reconfiguration". United States. doi:10.1002/adom.201800862.
@article{osti_1505602,
title = {Tunable Infrared Devices via Ferroelectric Domain Reconfiguration},
author = {Beechem, Thomas E. and Goldflam, Michael D. and Sinclair, Michael B. and Peters, David W. and McDonald, Anthony E. and Paisley, Elizabeth A. and Kitahara, Andrew R. and Drury, Daniel E. and Burckel, D. Bruce and Finnegan, Patrick S. and Kim, Jong -Woo and Choi, Yongseong and Ryan, Philip J. and Ihlefeld, Jon F.},
abstractNote = {Despite widespread use in sensing, electro–optics, and catalysis, plasmonic elements are typically static in their spectral response. The subwavelength spatial confinement and enhanced electric fields intrinsic to plasmons provide a lever to realize dynamic spectral tunability—and thus multifunctional optical components—as small alterations in their dielectric environment are amplified by these effects. Here, electric–field (DC) control of phonon modes is leveraged in lead zirconate titante (PZT) ferroelectric bilayers to create tunable long–wave infrared (LWIR) plasmonic devices that demonstrate a combination of advantages—speed (>10 kHz), latching, and low–power switching (<1 µJ mm–2)—unavailable together in approaches reported heretofore. Mechanistically, bias–induced domain reconfiguration alters the phonon energies defining PZT's optical permittivity, which determines the gap plasmon formed within the ferroelectric resting between patterned metal contacts. Furthermore the utility of ferroelectrics for tunable plasmonic devices is thus demonstrated while highlighting the promise of leveraging phonons for these purposes.},
doi = {10.1002/adom.201800862},
journal = {Advanced Optical Materials},
number = 24,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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