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Title: Sub-microsecond-resolved multi-speckle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with a pixel array detector

Abstract

Small-angle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) measurements spanning delay times from 826 ns to 52.8 s were performed using a photon-counting pixel array detector with a dynamic range of 0–3 (2 bits). Fine resolution and a wide dynamic range of time scales was achieved by combining two modes of operation of the detector: (i) continuous mode, where data acquisition and data readout are performed in parallel with a frame acquisition time of 19.36 µs, and (ii) burst mode, where 12 frames are acquired with frame integration times of either 2.56 µs frame –1 or 826 ns frame –1 followed by 3.49 ms or 1.16 ms, respectively, for readout. The applicability of the detector for performing multi-speckle XPCS was demonstrated by measuring the Brownian dynamics of 10 nm-radius gold and 57 nm-radius silica colloids in water at room temperature. In addition, the capability of the detector to faithfully record one- and two-photon counts was examined by comparing the statistical distribution of photon counts with expected probabilities from the negative binomial distribution. In conclusion, it was found that in burst mode the ratio of 2s to 1s is markedly smaller than predicted and that this is attributable to pixel-response dead-time.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  2. AGH Univ. of Science and Technology, Krakow (Poland)
  3. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Centre (Poland)
OSTI Identifier:
1474146
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online); Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5775
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS); multi-speckle XPCS; pixel array detector (PAD)

Citation Formats

Zhang, Qingteng, Dufresne, Eric M., Narayanan, Suresh, Maj, Piotr, Koziol, Anna, Szczygiel, Robert, Grybos, Pawel, Sutton, Mark, and Sandy, Alec R. Sub-microsecond-resolved multi-speckle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with a pixel array detector. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600577518009074.
Zhang, Qingteng, Dufresne, Eric M., Narayanan, Suresh, Maj, Piotr, Koziol, Anna, Szczygiel, Robert, Grybos, Pawel, Sutton, Mark, & Sandy, Alec R. Sub-microsecond-resolved multi-speckle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with a pixel array detector. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577518009074.
Zhang, Qingteng, Dufresne, Eric M., Narayanan, Suresh, Maj, Piotr, Koziol, Anna, Szczygiel, Robert, Grybos, Pawel, Sutton, Mark, and Sandy, Alec R. Thu . "Sub-microsecond-resolved multi-speckle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with a pixel array detector". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577518009074. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1474146.
@article{osti_1474146,
title = {Sub-microsecond-resolved multi-speckle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy with a pixel array detector},
author = {Zhang, Qingteng and Dufresne, Eric M. and Narayanan, Suresh and Maj, Piotr and Koziol, Anna and Szczygiel, Robert and Grybos, Pawel and Sutton, Mark and Sandy, Alec R.},
abstractNote = {Small-angle X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) measurements spanning delay times from 826 ns to 52.8 s were performed using a photon-counting pixel array detector with a dynamic range of 0–3 (2 bits). Fine resolution and a wide dynamic range of time scales was achieved by combining two modes of operation of the detector: (i) continuous mode, where data acquisition and data readout are performed in parallel with a frame acquisition time of 19.36 µs, and (ii) burst mode, where 12 frames are acquired with frame integration times of either 2.56 µs frame–1 or 826 ns frame–1 followed by 3.49 ms or 1.16 ms, respectively, for readout. The applicability of the detector for performing multi-speckle XPCS was demonstrated by measuring the Brownian dynamics of 10 nm-radius gold and 57 nm-radius silica colloids in water at room temperature. In addition, the capability of the detector to faithfully record one- and two-photon counts was examined by comparing the statistical distribution of photon counts with expected probabilities from the negative binomial distribution. In conclusion, it was found that in burst mode the ratio of 2s to 1s is markedly smaller than predicted and that this is attributable to pixel-response dead-time.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600577518009074},
journal = {Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)},
number = 5,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

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