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Title: Carbon/tin oxide composite electrodes for improved lithium-ion batteries

Tin and tin oxide-based electrodes are promising high-capacity anodes for lithium-ion batteries. However, poor capacity retention is the major issue with these materials due to the large volumetric expansion that occurs when lithium is alloyed with tin during lithiation and delithiation process. Here, a method to prepare a low-cost, scalable carbon and tin(II) oxide composite anode is reported. The composite material was prepared by ball milling of carbon recovered from used tire powders with 25 wt% tin(II) oxide to form lithium-ion battery anode. With the impact of energy from the ball milling, tin oxide powders were uniformly distributed inside the pores of waste-tire-derived carbon. During lithiation and delithiation, the carbon matrix can effectively absorb the volume expansion caused by tin, thereby minimizing pulverization and capacity fade of the electrodes. In conclusion, the as-synthesized anode yielded a capacity of 690 mAh g –1 after 300 cycles at a current density of 40 mA g –1 with a stable battery performance.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [4] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); The Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. RJ Lee Group, Monroeville, PA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. The Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-891X
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs); Composite carbon anodes; Tin oxide; Waste tire recycling; Ball milling
OSTI Identifier:
1454389

Li, Yunchao, Levine, Alan M., Zhang, Jinshui, Lee, Richard J., Naskar, Amit K., Dai, Sheng, and Paranthaman, M. Parans. Carbon/tin oxide composite electrodes for improved lithium-ion batteries. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1007/s10800-018-1205-3.
Li, Yunchao, Levine, Alan M., Zhang, Jinshui, Lee, Richard J., Naskar, Amit K., Dai, Sheng, & Paranthaman, M. Parans. Carbon/tin oxide composite electrodes for improved lithium-ion batteries. United States. doi:10.1007/s10800-018-1205-3.
Li, Yunchao, Levine, Alan M., Zhang, Jinshui, Lee, Richard J., Naskar, Amit K., Dai, Sheng, and Paranthaman, M. Parans. 2018. "Carbon/tin oxide composite electrodes for improved lithium-ion batteries". United States. doi:10.1007/s10800-018-1205-3.
@article{osti_1454389,
title = {Carbon/tin oxide composite electrodes for improved lithium-ion batteries},
author = {Li, Yunchao and Levine, Alan M. and Zhang, Jinshui and Lee, Richard J. and Naskar, Amit K. and Dai, Sheng and Paranthaman, M. Parans},
abstractNote = {Tin and tin oxide-based electrodes are promising high-capacity anodes for lithium-ion batteries. However, poor capacity retention is the major issue with these materials due to the large volumetric expansion that occurs when lithium is alloyed with tin during lithiation and delithiation process. Here, a method to prepare a low-cost, scalable carbon and tin(II) oxide composite anode is reported. The composite material was prepared by ball milling of carbon recovered from used tire powders with 25 wt% tin(II) oxide to form lithium-ion battery anode. With the impact of energy from the ball milling, tin oxide powders were uniformly distributed inside the pores of waste-tire-derived carbon. During lithiation and delithiation, the carbon matrix can effectively absorb the volume expansion caused by tin, thereby minimizing pulverization and capacity fade of the electrodes. In conclusion, the as-synthesized anode yielded a capacity of 690 mAh g–1 after 300 cycles at a current density of 40 mA g–1 with a stable battery performance.},
doi = {10.1007/s10800-018-1205-3},
journal = {Journal of Applied Electrochemistry},
number = 7,
volume = 48,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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