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Title: Synthesis and electrochemical characteristics of Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite anode for Li-ion rechargeable batteries

Abstract

Micro-scaled Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite was synthesized from oxides of Sn, Sb and Ni via carbothermal reduction. The phase composition and electrochemical properties of the Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite anode material were studied. The prepared alloy composite electrode exhibits a high specific capacity and a good cycling stability. The lithiation capacity was 530 mAh g{sup -1} in the first cycle and maintained at 370-380 mAh g{sup -1} in the following cycles. The good electrochemical performance may be attributed to its relatively large particle size and multi-phase characteristics. The former reason leads to the lower surface impurity and thus the lower initial capacity loss, while the latter results in a stepwise lithiation/delithiation behavior and a smooth volume change of electrode in cycles. The Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite material shows a good candidate anode material for the rechargeable lithium ion batteries.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China). E-mail: hlzhao@mater.ustb.edu.cn
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
21000630
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.08.032; PII: S0025-5408(06)00358-8; Copyright (c) 2006 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALLOYS; ANODES; CHEMICAL PREPARATION; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; IMPURITIES; LITHIUM IONS; OXIDES; PARTICLE SIZE; PERFORMANCE; STABILITY

Citation Formats

Guo Hong, Department of Chemistry and Biology, Qujing Normal University, Qujing 655000, Yunan, Zhao Hailei, Jia Xidi, Qiu Weihua, and Cui Fenge. Synthesis and electrochemical characteristics of Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite anode for Li-ion rechargeable batteries. United States: N. p., 2007. Web.
Guo Hong, Department of Chemistry and Biology, Qujing Normal University, Qujing 655000, Yunan, Zhao Hailei, Jia Xidi, Qiu Weihua, & Cui Fenge. Synthesis and electrochemical characteristics of Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite anode for Li-ion rechargeable batteries. United States.
Guo Hong, Department of Chemistry and Biology, Qujing Normal University, Qujing 655000, Yunan, Zhao Hailei, Jia Xidi, Qiu Weihua, and Cui Fenge. Thu . "Synthesis and electrochemical characteristics of Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite anode for Li-ion rechargeable batteries". United States. doi:.
@article{osti_21000630,
title = {Synthesis and electrochemical characteristics of Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite anode for Li-ion rechargeable batteries},
author = {Guo Hong and Department of Chemistry and Biology, Qujing Normal University, Qujing 655000, Yunan and Zhao Hailei and Jia Xidi and Qiu Weihua and Cui Fenge},
abstractNote = {Micro-scaled Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite was synthesized from oxides of Sn, Sb and Ni via carbothermal reduction. The phase composition and electrochemical properties of the Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite anode material were studied. The prepared alloy composite electrode exhibits a high specific capacity and a good cycling stability. The lithiation capacity was 530 mAh g{sup -1} in the first cycle and maintained at 370-380 mAh g{sup -1} in the following cycles. The good electrochemical performance may be attributed to its relatively large particle size and multi-phase characteristics. The former reason leads to the lower surface impurity and thus the lower initial capacity loss, while the latter results in a stepwise lithiation/delithiation behavior and a smooth volume change of electrode in cycles. The Sn-Sb-Ni alloy composite material shows a good candidate anode material for the rechargeable lithium ion batteries.},
doi = {},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = 5,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 03 00:00:00 EDT 2007},
month = {Thu May 03 00:00:00 EDT 2007}
}
  • The amorphous carbon coating on the Sn-Sb particles was prepared from aqueous glucose solutions using a hydrothermal method. Because the outer layer carbon of composite materials is loose cotton-like and porous-like, it can accommodate the expansion and contraction of active materials to maintain the stability of the structure, and hinder effectively the aggregation of nano-sized alloy particles. The as-prepared composite materials show much improved electrochemical performances as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries compared with Sn-Sb alloy and carbon alone. This amorphous carbon-coated Sn-Sb particle is extremely promising anode materials for lithium secondary batteries and has a high potentiality in themore » future use. - Graphical abstract: The amorphous carbon coating on the Sn-Sb particles was prepared from aqueous glucose solutions using a hydrothermal method. Because the outer layer carbon of composite materials is loose cotton-like and porous-like, it can accommodate the expansion and contraction of active materials to maintain the stability of the structure, and hinder effectively the aggregation of nano-sized alloy particles.« less
  • Sn{sub 4}Ni{sub 3}/C nanocomposites were synthesized by a pyrolyzing-annealing two-step strategy. The phase structure, carbon content and morphology of the nanocomposites were investigated. The results reveal that the crystallinity, carbon structure and purity were enhanced obviously after heat-treatment. Electrochemical performance was evaluated by cyclic voltammograms (CV), galvanostatic discharge/charge and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). The annealed Sn{sub 4}Ni{sub 3}/C powders deliver an initial charge capacity of 525.2 mA h g{sup -1}, 400 mA h g{sup -1} over 10 cycles at 36 mA g{sup -1}, >300 mA h g{sup -1} after 40 cycles at 72 mA g{sup -1} and maintain 240 mAmore » h g{sup -1} for 40 cycles at 150 mA g{sup -1}. TEM investigation of the cycled electrodes shows the discharge/charge process neither destroyed the structure of nanocomposites nor changed the crystallinity of the materials. So the high capacity and stable cyclability are ascribed to the synergetic effect of ductile nickel and conductive carbon constituent and the influence of heat-treatment. - Graphical abstract: TEM image of the annealed Sn{sub 4}Ni{sub 3}/C nanocomposites reveals that the crystallized Sn{sub 4}Ni{sub 3} nanoparticles are dispersed in the carbon layer. The synergetic effect of ductile Ni and carbon layer is beneficial to buffer the volume change of Sn during discharge/charge process, thus improving the electrochemical performance when used as anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sn{sub 4}Ni{sub 3} nanoparticles well dispersed in carbon matrix were successfully fabricated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stable cycling property was achieved due to the synergetic effect of Ni and carbon. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The cycling process did not change the structure and crystallinity of the materials.« less
  • A direct current arc-discharge method was applied to prepare the Sn–M (M=Fe, Al, Ni) bi-alloy nanoparticles. Thermodynamic is introduced to analyze the energy circumstances for the formation of the nanoparticles during the physical condensation process. The electrochemical properties of as-prepared Sn–M alloy nanoparticles are systematically investigated as anodes of Li-ion batteries. Among them, Sn–Fe nanoparticles electrode exhibits high Coulomb efficiency (about 71.2%) in the initial charge/discharge (257.9 mA h g{sup −1}/366.6 mA h g{sup −1}) and optimal cycle stability (a specific reversible capacity of 240 mA h g{sup −1} maintained after 20 cycles) compared with others. Large differences in themore » electrochemical behaviors indicate that the chemical composition and microstructure of the nanoparticles determine the lithium-ion storage properties and the long-term cyclic stability during the charge/discharge process. - Graphical abstract: The growth mechanism and electrochemical performance of Sn-based alloy nanoparticles. - Highlights: • Thermodynamic analyses of oxides on Sn-M nanoparticles surface. • The relationship between chemical components and electrochemical responses. • Sn-Fe nanoparticles show excellent electrode performance.« less
  • Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • LiLa{sub x−y}Li{sub x}Ni{sub 1−x}O{sub 2} powders were prepared by a sol–gel method at 600 °C for 10 h. • LiLa{sub x−y}Li{sub x}Ni{sub 1−x}O{sub 2} powder materials had well defined layer structure, and no impurities. • LiLa{sub 0.10}Li{sub 0.10}Ni{sub 0.80}O{sub 2} crystallite size was reduced compared with those of LiNiO{sub 2}. • Li/LiPF{sub 6}/LiLa{sub x−y}Li{sub x}Ni{sub 1−x}O{sub 2} cells were of high charge/discharge capacity, with columbic efficiency at 25 °C and 45 °C. • LiLa{sub 0.10}Li{sub 0.10}Ni{sub 0.80}O{sub 2} good cyclic stability, rate capability and better 45 °C. - Abstract: Co-substituted LiLa{sub x−y}Li{sub y}Ni{sub 1−x}O{sub 2}more » cathode materials were synthesized by sol–gel method using aqueous solutions of metal nitrates and tartaric acid as chelating agent at 600 °C for 10 h. The structure and electrochemical properties of the synthesized materials were characterized by using XRD, SEM, EDAX, TEM, cyclic voltammetry, charge/discharge and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. XRD studies revealed a well defined layer structure and a linear variation of lattice parameters with the addition of lanthanum and lithium confirmed phase pure compounds in a rhombohedral structure. TEM and SEM analysis shows that LiLa{sub 0.10}Li{sub 0.10}Ni{sub 0.80}O{sub 2} has smaller particle size and regular morphological structure with narrow size distribution than those of LiNiO{sub 2}. Variations of dual mixing and hexagonal ordering with the substituted elements have enhanced the charge/discharge capacities at both room (25 °C) and elevated temperatures (45 °C), respectively. LiLa{sub 0.10}Li{sub 0.10}Ni{sub 0.80}O{sub 2} had high charge/discharge capacity, low irreversible capacity and better elevated temperature performance.« less
  • Graphical abstract: MnO{sub 2} was blended into pristine Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2} and Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} composite was obtained. We can observe that the adding MnO{sub 2} in the composite participates in the electrochemical reaction and provide more active sites for lithiation/delithiation. - Highlights: • Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} composite was synthesized by incorporation of MnO{sub 2} into spherical Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}. • Properties of spherical Li-rich layered oxide can be greatly improved by adding MnO{sub 2}. • The reason for the improvement of Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{submore » 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} by adding MnO{sub 2} was explained. - Abstract: Spherical Li-rich layered Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2} with high tap density and low specific surface area was synthesized. Furthermore, low cost and environmental benign MnO{sub 2} was blended into it and Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} composite was obtained. The properties of the materials were investigated by XRD, SEM and electrochemical method. The results showed that the existence of MnO{sub 2} in the composites can't change the structure of the pristine Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}. The electrochemical characteristics of Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}/MnO{sub 2} such as the initial coulombic efficiency, discharge capacity, rate characteristics and cyclability are much better than those of the pristine Li[Li{sub 0.2}Mn{sub 0.44}Ni{sub 0.18}Co{sub 0.18}]O{sub 2}. The contribution of MnO{sub 2} to the excellent characteristics of the cathode is as follows: the existence of MnO{sub 2} (i) provides more active site for lithiation/delitiation and (ii) suppresses side interaction between cathode particle surface and electrolyte.« less