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Title: Generation and Evolution of High-Mach-Number Laser-Driven Magnetized Collisionless Shocks in the Laboratory

Abstract

Here, we present the first laboratory generation of high-Mach-number magnetized collisionless shocks created through the interaction of an expanding laser-driven plasma with a magnetized ambient plasma. Time-resolved, two-dimensional imaging of plasma density and magnetic fields shows the formation and evolution of a supercritical shock propagating at magnetosonic Mach number M ms ≈ 12. Particle-in-cell simulations constrained by experimental data further detail the shock formation and separate dynamics of the multi-ion-species ambient plasma. The results show that the shocks form on time scales as fast as one gyroperiod, aided by the efficient coupling of energy, and the generation of a magnetic barrier between the piston and ambient ions. The development of this experimental platform complements present remote sensing and spacecraft observations, and opens the way for controlled laboratory investigations of high-Mach number collisionless shocks, including the mechanisms and efficiency of particle acceleration.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [3];  [3];  [6]
  1. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  3. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  4. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  5. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  6. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1395788
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1369590
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002731; SC0008655; SC0016249; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; electron acceleration; plasma; expansion; field; model; wave

Citation Formats

Schaeffer, D. B., Fox, W., Haberberger, D., Fiksel, G., Bhattacharjee, A., Barnak, D. H., Hu, S. X., and Germaschewski, K. Generation and Evolution of High-Mach-Number Laser-Driven Magnetized Collisionless Shocks in the Laboratory. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.025001.
Schaeffer, D. B., Fox, W., Haberberger, D., Fiksel, G., Bhattacharjee, A., Barnak, D. H., Hu, S. X., & Germaschewski, K. Generation and Evolution of High-Mach-Number Laser-Driven Magnetized Collisionless Shocks in the Laboratory. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.025001.
Schaeffer, D. B., Fox, W., Haberberger, D., Fiksel, G., Bhattacharjee, A., Barnak, D. H., Hu, S. X., and Germaschewski, K. Thu . "Generation and Evolution of High-Mach-Number Laser-Driven Magnetized Collisionless Shocks in the Laboratory". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.025001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1395788.
@article{osti_1395788,
title = {Generation and Evolution of High-Mach-Number Laser-Driven Magnetized Collisionless Shocks in the Laboratory},
author = {Schaeffer, D. B. and Fox, W. and Haberberger, D. and Fiksel, G. and Bhattacharjee, A. and Barnak, D. H. and Hu, S. X. and Germaschewski, K.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the first laboratory generation of high-Mach-number magnetized collisionless shocks created through the interaction of an expanding laser-driven plasma with a magnetized ambient plasma. Time-resolved, two-dimensional imaging of plasma density and magnetic fields shows the formation and evolution of a supercritical shock propagating at magnetosonic Mach number Mms ≈ 12. Particle-in-cell simulations constrained by experimental data further detail the shock formation and separate dynamics of the multi-ion-species ambient plasma. The results show that the shocks form on time scales as fast as one gyroperiod, aided by the efficient coupling of energy, and the generation of a magnetic barrier between the piston and ambient ions. The development of this experimental platform complements present remote sensing and spacecraft observations, and opens the way for controlled laboratory investigations of high-Mach number collisionless shocks, including the mechanisms and efficiency of particle acceleration.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.025001},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

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