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Title: Enabling enhanced emission and low-threshold lasing of organic molecules using special Fano resonances of macroscopic photonic crystals

Abstract

The nature of light interaction with matter can be dramatically altered in optical cavities, often inducing nonclassical behavior. In solid-state systems, excitons need to be spatially incorporated within nanostructured cavities to achieve such behavior. Although fascinating phenomena have been observed with inorganic nanostructures, the incorporation of organic molecules into the typically inorganic cavity is more challenging. We present a unique optofluidic platform comprising organic molecules in solution suspended on a photonic crystal surface, which supports macroscopic Fano resonances and allows strong and tunable interactions with the molecules anywhere along the surface. We develop a theoretical framework of this system and present a rigorous comparison with experimental measurements, showing dramatic spectral and angular enhancement of emission. We then demonstrate that these enhancement mechanisms enable lasing of only a 100-nm thin layer of diluted solution of organic molecules with substantially reduced threshold intensity, which has important implications for organic light-emitting devices and molecular sensing.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1386952
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001299
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 110; Journal Issue: 34; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; fluorescence enhancement; enhanced light–matter interaction

Citation Formats

Zhen, Bo, Chua, Song-Liang, Lee, Jeongwon, Rodriguez, Alejandro W., Liang, Xiangdong, Johnson, Steven G., Joannopoulos, John D., Soljačić, Marin, and Shapira, Ofer. Enabling enhanced emission and low-threshold lasing of organic molecules using special Fano resonances of macroscopic photonic crystals. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1311866110.
Zhen, Bo, Chua, Song-Liang, Lee, Jeongwon, Rodriguez, Alejandro W., Liang, Xiangdong, Johnson, Steven G., Joannopoulos, John D., Soljačić, Marin, & Shapira, Ofer. Enabling enhanced emission and low-threshold lasing of organic molecules using special Fano resonances of macroscopic photonic crystals. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1311866110.
Zhen, Bo, Chua, Song-Liang, Lee, Jeongwon, Rodriguez, Alejandro W., Liang, Xiangdong, Johnson, Steven G., Joannopoulos, John D., Soljačić, Marin, and Shapira, Ofer. Tue . "Enabling enhanced emission and low-threshold lasing of organic molecules using special Fano resonances of macroscopic photonic crystals". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1311866110. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1386952.
@article{osti_1386952,
title = {Enabling enhanced emission and low-threshold lasing of organic molecules using special Fano resonances of macroscopic photonic crystals},
author = {Zhen, Bo and Chua, Song-Liang and Lee, Jeongwon and Rodriguez, Alejandro W. and Liang, Xiangdong and Johnson, Steven G. and Joannopoulos, John D. and Soljačić, Marin and Shapira, Ofer},
abstractNote = {The nature of light interaction with matter can be dramatically altered in optical cavities, often inducing nonclassical behavior. In solid-state systems, excitons need to be spatially incorporated within nanostructured cavities to achieve such behavior. Although fascinating phenomena have been observed with inorganic nanostructures, the incorporation of organic molecules into the typically inorganic cavity is more challenging. We present a unique optofluidic platform comprising organic molecules in solution suspended on a photonic crystal surface, which supports macroscopic Fano resonances and allows strong and tunable interactions with the molecules anywhere along the surface. We develop a theoretical framework of this system and present a rigorous comparison with experimental measurements, showing dramatic spectral and angular enhancement of emission. We then demonstrate that these enhancement mechanisms enable lasing of only a 100-nm thin layer of diluted solution of organic molecules with substantially reduced threshold intensity, which has important implications for organic light-emitting devices and molecular sensing.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1311866110},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 34,
volume = 110,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {8}
}

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Cited by: 39 works
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