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Title: Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires

The rapidly growing field of nanoscale lasers can be advanced through the discovery of new, tunable light sources. The emission wavelength tunability demonstrated in perovskite materials is an attractive property for nanoscale lasers. Whereas organic-inorganic lead halide perovskite materials are known for their instability, cesium lead halides offer a robust alternative without sacrificing emission tunability or ease of synthesis. Here, we report the low-temperature, solution-phase growth of cesium lead halide nanowires exhibiting low-threshold lasing and high stability. The as-grown nanowires are single crystalline with well-formed facets, and act as high-quality laser cavities. The nanowires display excellent stability while stored and handled under ambient conditions over the course of weeks. Upon optical excitation, Fabry-Pérot lasing occurs in CsPbBr 3 nanowires with an onset of 5 μJ cm -2 with the nanowire cavity displaying a maximum quality factor of 1,009 ± 5. Lasing under constant, pulsed excitation can be maintained for over 1 h, the equivalent of 10 9 excitation cycles, and lasing persists upon exposure to ambient atmosphere. Wavelength tunability in the green and blue regions of the spectrum in conjunction with excellent stability makes these nanowire lasers attractive for device fabrication.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Chemical Sciences Division
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis
  5. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Chemical Sciences Division; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division; Kavli Energy NanoSciences Inst., Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; SC0004993
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; nanowire; perovskite; laser; inorganic; stability
OSTI Identifier:
1237515
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1379105

Eaton, Samuel W., Lai, Minliang, Gibson, Natalie A., Wong, Andrew B., Dou, Letian, Ma, Jie, Wang, Lin-Wang, Leone, Stephen R., and Yang, Peidong. Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1600789113.
Eaton, Samuel W., Lai, Minliang, Gibson, Natalie A., Wong, Andrew B., Dou, Letian, Ma, Jie, Wang, Lin-Wang, Leone, Stephen R., & Yang, Peidong. Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1600789113.
Eaton, Samuel W., Lai, Minliang, Gibson, Natalie A., Wong, Andrew B., Dou, Letian, Ma, Jie, Wang, Lin-Wang, Leone, Stephen R., and Yang, Peidong. 2016. "Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1600789113.
@article{osti_1237515,
title = {Lasing in robust cesium lead halide perovskite nanowires},
author = {Eaton, Samuel W. and Lai, Minliang and Gibson, Natalie A. and Wong, Andrew B. and Dou, Letian and Ma, Jie and Wang, Lin-Wang and Leone, Stephen R. and Yang, Peidong},
abstractNote = {The rapidly growing field of nanoscale lasers can be advanced through the discovery of new, tunable light sources. The emission wavelength tunability demonstrated in perovskite materials is an attractive property for nanoscale lasers. Whereas organic-inorganic lead halide perovskite materials are known for their instability, cesium lead halides offer a robust alternative without sacrificing emission tunability or ease of synthesis. Here, we report the low-temperature, solution-phase growth of cesium lead halide nanowires exhibiting low-threshold lasing and high stability. The as-grown nanowires are single crystalline with well-formed facets, and act as high-quality laser cavities. The nanowires display excellent stability while stored and handled under ambient conditions over the course of weeks. Upon optical excitation, Fabry-Pérot lasing occurs in CsPbBr3 nanowires with an onset of 5 μJ cm-2 with the nanowire cavity displaying a maximum quality factor of 1,009 ± 5. Lasing under constant, pulsed excitation can be maintained for over 1 h, the equivalent of 109 excitation cycles, and lasing persists upon exposure to ambient atmosphere. Wavelength tunability in the green and blue regions of the spectrum in conjunction with excellent stability makes these nanowire lasers attractive for device fabrication.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1600789113},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 8,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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