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Title: Compact binary merger rates: Comparison with LIGO/Virgo upper limits

Abstract

Here, we compare evolutionary predictions of double compact object merger rate densities with initial and forthcoming LIGO/Virgo upper limits. We find that: (i) Due to the cosmological reach of advanced detectors, current conversion methods of population synthesis predictions into merger rate densities are insufficient. (ii) Our optimistic models are a factor of 18 below the initial LIGO/Virgo upper limits for BH–BH systems, indicating that a modest increase in observational sensitivity (by a factor of ~2.5) may bring the first detections or first gravitational wave constraints on binary evolution. (iii) Stellar-origin massive BH–BH mergers should dominate event rates in advanced LIGO/Virgo and can be detected out to redshift z sime 2 with templates including inspiral, merger, and ringdown. Normal stars ($$\lt 150\;{M}_{\odot }$$) can produce such mergers with total redshifted mass up to $${M}_{{\rm{tot,z}}}\simeq 400\;{M}_{\odot }$$. (iv) High black hole (BH) natal kicks can severely limit the formation of massive BH–BH systems (both in isolated binary and in dynamical dense cluster evolution), and thus would eliminate detection of these systems even at full advanced LIGO/Virgo sensitivity. We find that low and high BH natal kicks are allowed by current observational electromagnetic constraints. (v) The majority of our models yield detections of all types of mergers (NS–NS, BH–NS, BH–BH) with advanced detectors. Numerous massive BH–BH merger detections will indicate small (if any) natal kicks for massive BHs.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [1]
  1. Warsaw Univ., Warsaw (Poland)
  2. Radboud Univ. Nijmegen, Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  4. Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY (United States)
  5. Univ. of Mississippi, University, MS (United States); Univ. de Lisboa, Lisboa (Portugal)
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1296670
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-27496
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 819; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; astronomy and astrophysics; binaries: close; gravitation; stars: evolution; stars: neutron

Citation Formats

Belczynski, Krzysztof, Repetto, Serena, Holz, Daniel E., O'Shaugnessy, Richard, Bulik, Tomasz, Berti, Emanuele, Fryer, Christopher Lee, and Dominik, Michal. Compact binary merger rates: Comparison with LIGO/Virgo upper limits. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/819/2/108.
Belczynski, Krzysztof, Repetto, Serena, Holz, Daniel E., O'Shaugnessy, Richard, Bulik, Tomasz, Berti, Emanuele, Fryer, Christopher Lee, & Dominik, Michal. Compact binary merger rates: Comparison with LIGO/Virgo upper limits. United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/819/2/108.
Belczynski, Krzysztof, Repetto, Serena, Holz, Daniel E., O'Shaugnessy, Richard, Bulik, Tomasz, Berti, Emanuele, Fryer, Christopher Lee, and Dominik, Michal. Thu . "Compact binary merger rates: Comparison with LIGO/Virgo upper limits". United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/819/2/108. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1296670.
@article{osti_1296670,
title = {Compact binary merger rates: Comparison with LIGO/Virgo upper limits},
author = {Belczynski, Krzysztof and Repetto, Serena and Holz, Daniel E. and O'Shaugnessy, Richard and Bulik, Tomasz and Berti, Emanuele and Fryer, Christopher Lee and Dominik, Michal},
abstractNote = {Here, we compare evolutionary predictions of double compact object merger rate densities with initial and forthcoming LIGO/Virgo upper limits. We find that: (i) Due to the cosmological reach of advanced detectors, current conversion methods of population synthesis predictions into merger rate densities are insufficient. (ii) Our optimistic models are a factor of 18 below the initial LIGO/Virgo upper limits for BH–BH systems, indicating that a modest increase in observational sensitivity (by a factor of ~2.5) may bring the first detections or first gravitational wave constraints on binary evolution. (iii) Stellar-origin massive BH–BH mergers should dominate event rates in advanced LIGO/Virgo and can be detected out to redshift z sime 2 with templates including inspiral, merger, and ringdown. Normal stars ($\lt 150\;{M}_{\odot }$) can produce such mergers with total redshifted mass up to ${M}_{{\rm{tot,z}}}\simeq 400\;{M}_{\odot }$. (iv) High black hole (BH) natal kicks can severely limit the formation of massive BH–BH systems (both in isolated binary and in dynamical dense cluster evolution), and thus would eliminate detection of these systems even at full advanced LIGO/Virgo sensitivity. We find that low and high BH natal kicks are allowed by current observational electromagnetic constraints. (v) The majority of our models yield detections of all types of mergers (NS–NS, BH–NS, BH–BH) with advanced detectors. Numerous massive BH–BH merger detections will indicate small (if any) natal kicks for massive BHs.},
doi = {10.3847/0004-637X/819/2/108},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 819,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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Binary Black Hole Mergers from Globular Clusters: Implications for Advanced LIGO
journal, July 2015


Binary Interaction Dominates the Evolution of Massive Stars
journal, July 2012


Gravitational wave sources and their detectability
journal, December 1989


Interacting Binaries with Eccentric Orbits. iii. Orbital Evolution due to Direct Impact and Self-Accretion
journal, November 2010


On IC 10 X-1, the Most Massive Known Stellar-Mass Black Hole
journal, April 2008

  • Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Filippenko, Alexei V.
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The Neutrino Bubble Instability: A Mechanism for Generating Pulsar Kicks
journal, October 2005

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The Not-So-Massive Black hole in the Microquasar Grs1915+105
journal, April 2013


Distinguishing Compact Binary Population Synthesis Models Using Gravitational wave Observations of Coalescing Binary Black Holes
journal, August 2015


The Hubble Higher z Supernova Search: Supernovae to z ≈ 1.6 and Constraints on Type Ia Progenitor Models
journal, September 2004

  • Strolger, Louis‐Gregory; Riess, Adam G.; Dahlen, Tomas
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A ‘kilonova’ associated with the short-duration γ-ray burst GRB 130603B
journal, August 2013

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The Chemical Composition of the sun from Helioseismic and Solar Neutrino data
journal, April 2014

  • Villante, Francesco L.; Serenelli, Aldo M.; Delahaye, Franck
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Mass-loss predictions for O and B stars as a function of metallicity
journal, April 2001

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Double white dwarfs as progenitors of R Coronae Borealis stars and Type I supernovae
journal, February 1984

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Understanding Compact Object Formation and Natal Kicks. I. Calculation Methods and the Case of GRO J1655−40
journal, May 2005

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Understanding Compact Object Formation and Natal Kicks. iv. the case of ic 10 x-1
journal, July 2014


Understanding Compact Object Formation and Natal Kicks. iii. the case of Cygnus x-1
journal, February 2012


On the Binding Energy Parameter λ of Common Envelope Evolution
journal, May 2010


A possible macronova in the late afterglow of the long–short burst GRB 060614
journal, June 2015

  • Yang, Bin; Jin, Zhi-Ping; Li, Xiang
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
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Evolution and fate of very massive stars
journal, June 2013

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