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Title: Electromagnetic Particle Injector for Fast Time Response Disruption Mitigation in Tokamaks

Abstract

A novel, rapid time-response, disruption mitigation system referred to as the Electromagnetic Particle Injector (EPI) is described. This method can accurately deliver the radiative payload to the plasma center on a <10 ms time scale, much faster, and deeper, than what can be achieved using conventional methods. The EPI system accelerates a sabot electromagnetically. The sabot is a metallic capsule that can be accelerated to desired velocities by an electromagnetic impeller. At the end of its acceleration, within 2 ms, the sabot will release a radiative payload, which is composed of low-z granules, or a shell pellet containing smaller pellets. The primary advantage of the EPI concept over gas propelled systems is its potential to meet short warning time scales, while accurately delivering the required particle size and materials at the velocities needed for achieving the required penetration depth in high power ITER-scale discharges for thermal and runaway current disruption mitigation. The present experimental tests from a prototype system have demonstrated the acceleration of a 3.2 g sabot to over 150 m/s within 1.5 ms, consistent with the calculations, giving some degree of confidence that larger ITER-scale injector can be developed.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466
Product Type:
Dataset
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
U. S. Department of Energy
Keywords:
High velocity
OSTI Identifier:
1562070
DOI:
10.11578/1562070

Citation Formats

Raman, R, Lay, W -S, Jarboe, T R, Menard, J E, and Ono, M. Electromagnetic Particle Injector for Fast Time Response Disruption Mitigation in Tokamaks. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.11578/1562070.
Raman, R, Lay, W -S, Jarboe, T R, Menard, J E, & Ono, M. Electromagnetic Particle Injector for Fast Time Response Disruption Mitigation in Tokamaks. United States. doi:10.11578/1562070.
Raman, R, Lay, W -S, Jarboe, T R, Menard, J E, and Ono, M. 2018. "Electromagnetic Particle Injector for Fast Time Response Disruption Mitigation in Tokamaks". United States. doi:10.11578/1562070. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1562070. Pub date:Thu Nov 01 00:00:00 EDT 2018
@article{osti_1562070,
title = {Electromagnetic Particle Injector for Fast Time Response Disruption Mitigation in Tokamaks},
author = {Raman, R and Lay, W -S and Jarboe, T R and Menard, J E and Ono, M},
abstractNote = {A novel, rapid time-response, disruption mitigation system referred to as the Electromagnetic Particle Injector (EPI) is described. This method can accurately deliver the radiative payload to the plasma center on a <10 ms time scale, much faster, and deeper, than what can be achieved using conventional methods. The EPI system accelerates a sabot electromagnetically. The sabot is a metallic capsule that can be accelerated to desired velocities by an electromagnetic impeller. At the end of its acceleration, within 2 ms, the sabot will release a radiative payload, which is composed of low-z granules, or a shell pellet containing smaller pellets. The primary advantage of the EPI concept over gas propelled systems is its potential to meet short warning time scales, while accurately delivering the required particle size and materials at the velocities needed for achieving the required penetration depth in high power ITER-scale discharges for thermal and runaway current disruption mitigation. The present experimental tests from a prototype system have demonstrated the acceleration of a 3.2 g sabot to over 150 m/s within 1.5 ms, consistent with the calculations, giving some degree of confidence that larger ITER-scale injector can be developed.},
doi = {10.11578/1562070},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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