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Title: Candidate chemical systems for air cooled solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part I. Organic absorbent systems

Abstract

All the available experimental evidence suggests that the optimum ''organic'' absorbent/refrigerant combination would be a methane derivative with a single hydrogen atom with chlorine and fluorine atoms in the other sites, as refrigerant. This would be hydrogen bonded to an absorbent molecule containing the group =NC/sup -/O, with the substituent groups being such that no steric hindrance took place. Cycle analyses showed that the ratio of internal heat transfer to cooling would be large, probably impractically so in view of the high coefficient of performance needed for solar driven cooling and the additional handicap of heat rejection to the atmosphere. A more promising approach would be to reduce the internal heat transfer per unit of space cooling by selecting a refrigerant with a high latent heat of vaporization and selecting an absorbent with suitable properties.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Carrier Corp., Syracuse, N.Y. (USA). Energy Systems Div.
OSTI Identifier:
6868037
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 6868037
Report Number(s):
SAN-1587-1
DOE Contract Number:  
EG-77-C-03-1587
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; SOLAR AIR CONDITIONERS; ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION CYCLE; REFRIGERANTS; AMMONIA; EVALUATION; FREONS; HEAT TRANSFER; LITHIUM BROMIDES; ORGANIC CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS; PERFORMANCE; VAPOR PRESSURE; VAPORIZATION HEAT; WATER; AIR CONDITIONERS; ALKALI METAL COMPOUNDS; APPLIANCES; BROMIDES; BROMINE COMPOUNDS; ELECTRIC APPLIANCES; ENERGY TRANSFER; ENTHALPY; GAS APPLIANCES; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; HALOGENATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; HYDRIDES; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM COMPOUNDS; LITHIUM HALIDES; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN HYDRIDES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; SOLAR COOLING SYSTEMS; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; TRANSITION HEAT 140901* -- Solar Thermal Utilization-- Space Heating & Cooling

Citation Formats

Biermann, W. J. Candidate chemical systems for air cooled solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part I. Organic absorbent systems. United States: N. p., 1978. Web. doi:10.2172/6868037.
Biermann, W. J. Candidate chemical systems for air cooled solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part I. Organic absorbent systems. United States. doi:10.2172/6868037.
Biermann, W. J. Sun . "Candidate chemical systems for air cooled solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part I. Organic absorbent systems". United States. doi:10.2172/6868037. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6868037.
@article{osti_6868037,
title = {Candidate chemical systems for air cooled solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part I. Organic absorbent systems},
author = {Biermann, W. J.},
abstractNote = {All the available experimental evidence suggests that the optimum ''organic'' absorbent/refrigerant combination would be a methane derivative with a single hydrogen atom with chlorine and fluorine atoms in the other sites, as refrigerant. This would be hydrogen bonded to an absorbent molecule containing the group =NC/sup -/O, with the substituent groups being such that no steric hindrance took place. Cycle analyses showed that the ratio of internal heat transfer to cooling would be large, probably impractically so in view of the high coefficient of performance needed for solar driven cooling and the additional handicap of heat rejection to the atmosphere. A more promising approach would be to reduce the internal heat transfer per unit of space cooling by selecting a refrigerant with a high latent heat of vaporization and selecting an absorbent with suitable properties.},
doi = {10.2172/6868037},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1978},
month = {Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1978}
}

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