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Title: Micro-radiosurgery: A new concept for radiotherapy based upon low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions

Abstract

Traditionally, proton radiotherapy has required the use of high energy proton beams (50--200 MeV) which can penetrate into a patients body to the site of a tumor that is to be destroyed through irradiation. However, substantial damage is still done to healthy tissue along the path of the incident proton beam, as 40% of that done at the tumor site. We propose a new concept for the production and delivery of energetic protons for use in medical radiotherapy, based upon the fact that low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions can produce radiation products suitable for use in radiotherapy applications. By employing specially fabricated conduit needles'' to deliver beams of energetic ions to selected target materials plugging the end of the needle, ion beam-induced nuclear reactions can be generated at the needle tip, emitting reaction-specific radiation products directly at the tumor site In this paper, we show that the 13.6 MeV protons produced by the d([sup 3]He,p)[sup 4]He nuclear reaction can deliver a lethal dose (7 krad) of radiation to a 4.4 millimeter sphere of tissue in only 30 seconds using a 1 microamp, 800 keV [sup 3]He ion beam. If also proven clinically feasible, the use of low energy, ion-induced nuclearmore » reactions would allow the utilization of relatively inexpensive, compact, low-energy ion accelerators for proton radiotherapy and minimize unintended radiation damage to healthy tissue by providing much greater precision in controlling the irradiated volume.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
6852959
Report Number(s):
SAND-92-2410C; CONF-921116-15
ON: DE93003995
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-76DP00789
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 12. international conference on the application of accelerators in research and industry, Denton, TX (United States), 2-5 Nov 1992
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; HELIUM IONS; THERAPEUTIC USES; RADIOTHERAPY; DOSIMETRY; PROTONS; BARYONS; CHARGED PARTICLES; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; FERMIONS; HADRONS; IONS; MEDICINE; NUCLEAR MEDICINE; NUCLEONS; RADIOLOGY; THERAPY; USES; 550603* - Medicine- External Radiation in Therapy- (1980-)

Citation Formats

Horn, K M, and Doyle, B L. Micro-radiosurgery: A new concept for radiotherapy based upon low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions. United States: N. p., 1992. Web.
Horn, K M, & Doyle, B L. Micro-radiosurgery: A new concept for radiotherapy based upon low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions. United States.
Horn, K M, and Doyle, B L. 1992. "Micro-radiosurgery: A new concept for radiotherapy based upon low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions". United States.
@article{osti_6852959,
title = {Micro-radiosurgery: A new concept for radiotherapy based upon low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions},
author = {Horn, K M and Doyle, B L},
abstractNote = {Traditionally, proton radiotherapy has required the use of high energy proton beams (50--200 MeV) which can penetrate into a patients body to the site of a tumor that is to be destroyed through irradiation. However, substantial damage is still done to healthy tissue along the path of the incident proton beam, as 40% of that done at the tumor site. We propose a new concept for the production and delivery of energetic protons for use in medical radiotherapy, based upon the fact that low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions can produce radiation products suitable for use in radiotherapy applications. By employing specially fabricated conduit needles'' to deliver beams of energetic ions to selected target materials plugging the end of the needle, ion beam-induced nuclear reactions can be generated at the needle tip, emitting reaction-specific radiation products directly at the tumor site In this paper, we show that the 13.6 MeV protons produced by the d([sup 3]He,p)[sup 4]He nuclear reaction can deliver a lethal dose (7 krad) of radiation to a 4.4 millimeter sphere of tissue in only 30 seconds using a 1 microamp, 800 keV [sup 3]He ion beam. If also proven clinically feasible, the use of low energy, ion-induced nuclear reactions would allow the utilization of relatively inexpensive, compact, low-energy ion accelerators for proton radiotherapy and minimize unintended radiation damage to healthy tissue by providing much greater precision in controlling the irradiated volume.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/6852959}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1992},
month = {1}
}

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