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Title: Interim assessment of the denatured /sup 233/U fuel cycle: feasibility and nonproliferation characteristics

Abstract

A fuel cycle that employs /sup 233/U denatured with /sup 238/U and mixed with thorium fertile material is examined with respect to its proliferation-resistance characteristics and its technical and economic feasibility. The rationale for considering the denatured /sup 233/U fuel cycle is presented, and the impact of the denatured fuel on the performance of Light-Water Reactors, Spectral-Shift-Controlled Reactors, Gas-Cooled Reactors, Heavy-Water Reactors, and Fast Breeder Reactors is discussed. The scope of the R, D and D programs to commercialize these reactors and their associated fuel cycles is also summarized and the resource requirements and economics of denatured /sup 233/U cycles are compared to those of the conventional Pu/U cycle. In addition, several nuclear power systems that employ denatured /sup 233/U fuel and are based on the energy center concept are evaluated. Under this concept, dispersed power reactors fueled with denatured or low-enriched uranium fuel are supported by secure energy centers in which sensitive activities of the nuclear cycle are performed. These activities include /sup 233/U production by Pu-fueled transmuters (thermal or fast reactors) and reprocessing. A summary chapter presents the most significant conclusions from the study and recommends areas for future work.

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. eds.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
6517612
Report Number(s):
ORNL-5388
TRN: 79-002788
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-26
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; DENATURED FUEL; POWER REACTORS; FUEL CYCLE; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; PROLIFERATION; SAFEGUARDS; THORIUM 232; URANIUM 233; URANIUM 238; ACTINIDE ISOTOPES; ACTINIDE NUCLEI; ALPHA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; ENERGY SOURCES; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; FUELS; HEAVY NUCLEI; ISOTOPES; NUCLEAR FUELS; NUCLEI; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTOR MATERIALS; REACTORS; THORIUM ISOTOPES; URANIUM ISOTOPES; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 210000* - Nuclear Power Plants; 055001 - Nuclear Fuels- Safeguards, Inspection, & Accountability- Technical Aspects

Citation Formats

Abbott, L. S., Bartine, D. E., and Burns, T. J. Interim assessment of the denatured /sup 233/U fuel cycle: feasibility and nonproliferation characteristics. United States: N. p., 1978. Web. doi:10.2172/6517612.
Abbott, L. S., Bartine, D. E., & Burns, T. J. Interim assessment of the denatured /sup 233/U fuel cycle: feasibility and nonproliferation characteristics. United States. doi:10.2172/6517612.
Abbott, L. S., Bartine, D. E., and Burns, T. J. Fri . "Interim assessment of the denatured /sup 233/U fuel cycle: feasibility and nonproliferation characteristics". United States. doi:10.2172/6517612. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/6517612.
@article{osti_6517612,
title = {Interim assessment of the denatured /sup 233/U fuel cycle: feasibility and nonproliferation characteristics},
author = {Abbott, L. S. and Bartine, D. E. and Burns, T. J.},
abstractNote = {A fuel cycle that employs /sup 233/U denatured with /sup 238/U and mixed with thorium fertile material is examined with respect to its proliferation-resistance characteristics and its technical and economic feasibility. The rationale for considering the denatured /sup 233/U fuel cycle is presented, and the impact of the denatured fuel on the performance of Light-Water Reactors, Spectral-Shift-Controlled Reactors, Gas-Cooled Reactors, Heavy-Water Reactors, and Fast Breeder Reactors is discussed. The scope of the R, D and D programs to commercialize these reactors and their associated fuel cycles is also summarized and the resource requirements and economics of denatured /sup 233/U cycles are compared to those of the conventional Pu/U cycle. In addition, several nuclear power systems that employ denatured /sup 233/U fuel and are based on the energy center concept are evaluated. Under this concept, dispersed power reactors fueled with denatured or low-enriched uranium fuel are supported by secure energy centers in which sensitive activities of the nuclear cycle are performed. These activities include /sup 233/U production by Pu-fueled transmuters (thermal or fast reactors) and reprocessing. A summary chapter presents the most significant conclusions from the study and recommends areas for future work.},
doi = {10.2172/6517612},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1978},
month = {12}
}