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Title: Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Vapor-Phase Free Radical Polymerization onto Liquid Surfaces

Abstract

The primary objective of this proposal was to study vapor deposition of polymers onto liquid surfaces. Deposition onto liquid surfaces is a relatively new area of research because the past few decades have focused on deposition onto solid materials. We used initiated chemical vapor deposition to deposit polymers onto the liquid surfaces. The process is a one-step, solventless, free-radical polymerization process in which monomer and initiator molecules are flowed into a vacuum chamber. We found that the surface tension interaction between the polymer and the liquid determines whether a film or nanoparticles are formed. We also found that we could form gels by using soluble monomers. We found that we could tune the size of the nanoparticles by varying the viscosity of the liquid and the process parameters including pressure and time. These insights allow scalable synthesis of polymer materials for a variety of separation and catalysis applications.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1436439
Report Number(s):
DE-USC-12407
DOE Contract Number:  
SC0012407
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Polymers; Deposition; Surfaces

Citation Formats

Gupta, Malancha. Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Vapor-Phase Free Radical Polymerization onto Liquid Surfaces. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1436439.
Gupta, Malancha. Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Vapor-Phase Free Radical Polymerization onto Liquid Surfaces. United States. doi:10.2172/1436439.
Gupta, Malancha. Sun . "Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Vapor-Phase Free Radical Polymerization onto Liquid Surfaces". United States. doi:10.2172/1436439. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436439.
@article{osti_1436439,
title = {Kinetic and Mechanistic Study of Vapor-Phase Free Radical Polymerization onto Liquid Surfaces},
author = {Gupta, Malancha},
abstractNote = {The primary objective of this proposal was to study vapor deposition of polymers onto liquid surfaces. Deposition onto liquid surfaces is a relatively new area of research because the past few decades have focused on deposition onto solid materials. We used initiated chemical vapor deposition to deposit polymers onto the liquid surfaces. The process is a one-step, solventless, free-radical polymerization process in which monomer and initiator molecules are flowed into a vacuum chamber. We found that the surface tension interaction between the polymer and the liquid determines whether a film or nanoparticles are formed. We also found that we could form gels by using soluble monomers. We found that we could tune the size of the nanoparticles by varying the viscosity of the liquid and the process parameters including pressure and time. These insights allow scalable synthesis of polymer materials for a variety of separation and catalysis applications.},
doi = {10.2172/1436439},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}