skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Effects of surface tension and viscosity on gold and silver sputtered onto liquid substrates

Abstract

Here, we report on DC magnetron sputtering of gold and silver onto liquid substrates of varying viscosities and surface tensions. We were able to separate the effects of viscosity from surface tension by depositing the metals onto silicone oils with a range of viscosities. The effects of surface tension were studied by depositing the metals onto squalene, poly(ethylene glycol), and glycerol. It was discovered that dispersed nanoparticles were formed on liquids with low surface tension and low viscosity whereas dense films were formed on liquids with low surface tension and high viscosity. Nanoparticles were formed on both the liquid surface and within the bulk liquid for high surface tension liquids. Our findings can be used to tailor the metal and liquid interaction to fabricate particles and films for various applications in optics, electronics, and catalysis.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1540192
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1437816
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012407; #DE-SC0012407
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

De Luna, Mark M., and Gupta, Malancha. Effects of surface tension and viscosity on gold and silver sputtered onto liquid substrates. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5026513.
De Luna, Mark M., & Gupta, Malancha. Effects of surface tension and viscosity on gold and silver sputtered onto liquid substrates. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5026513
De Luna, Mark M., and Gupta, Malancha. Fri . "Effects of surface tension and viscosity on gold and silver sputtered onto liquid substrates". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5026513. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1540192.
@article{osti_1540192,
title = {Effects of surface tension and viscosity on gold and silver sputtered onto liquid substrates},
author = {De Luna, Mark M. and Gupta, Malancha},
abstractNote = {Here, we report on DC magnetron sputtering of gold and silver onto liquid substrates of varying viscosities and surface tensions. We were able to separate the effects of viscosity from surface tension by depositing the metals onto silicone oils with a range of viscosities. The effects of surface tension were studied by depositing the metals onto squalene, poly(ethylene glycol), and glycerol. It was discovered that dispersed nanoparticles were formed on liquids with low surface tension and low viscosity whereas dense films were formed on liquids with low surface tension and high viscosity. Nanoparticles were formed on both the liquid surface and within the bulk liquid for high surface tension liquids. Our findings can be used to tailor the metal and liquid interaction to fabricate particles and films for various applications in optics, electronics, and catalysis.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5026513},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1540192}, journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 20,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Surface Diffusion and Coalescence of Mobile Metal Nanoparticles
journal, May 2005


AFM study on microstructures of metal films deposited on liquid substrates
journal, November 2007


Structural and electrical properties of a metallic rough-thin-film system deposited on liquid substrates
journal, November 1996


Thermally Induced Self-assembly of Gold Nanoparticles Sputter-deposited in Ionic Liquids on Highly Ordered Pyrolytic Graphite Surfaces
journal, April 2009


Universal reaction-limited colloid aggregation
journal, February 1990


Deposition of metal films on an ionic liquid as a basis for a lunar telescope
journal, June 2007


Dynamic wetting at the nanoscale
journal, September 2013


Synthesis of gold nanoparticles in a biocompatible fluid from sputtering deposition onto castor oil
journal, January 2010


Sputter deposition onto ionic liquids: Simple and clean synthesis of highly dispersed ultrafine metal nanoparticles
journal, December 2006


Determination of Size and Concentration of Gold Nanoparticles from UV−Vis Spectra
journal, June 2007


Universal diffusion-limited colloid aggregation
journal, April 1990


Single-step preparation of two-dimensionally organized gold particles via ionic liquid/metal sputter deposition
journal, January 2015


Aggregation behavior of Au atoms and atomic islands on liquid surfaces
journal, April 2012


Effects of sputtering conditions on formation of gold nanoparticles in sputter deposition technique
journal, January 2011


Effect of Surface Tension, Viscosity, and Process Conditions on Polymer Morphology Deposited at the Liquid–Vapor Interface
journal, September 2013


Ionic Liquid Surface Composition Controls the Size of Gold Nanoparticles Prepared by Sputtering Deposition
journal, June 2010


Stability and growth behavior of transition metal nanoparticles in ionic liquids prepared by thermal evaporation: how stable are they really?
journal, January 2011


Electrocatalytic Activity of Platinum Nanoparticles Synthesized by Room-Temperature Ionic Liquid-Sputtering Method
journal, January 2009


Mobility of Nonsticky Nanoparticles in Polymer Liquids
journal, October 2011


Energy Distribution of Sputtered Cu Atoms
journal, June 1964


Dynamic breaking of a single gold bond
journal, July 2017


Magnetron sputtering: a review of recent developments and applications
journal, March 2000


Mechanical properties of nanoparticles: basics and applications
journal, December 2013


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Interactions between polymers and liquids during initiated chemical vapor deposition onto liquid substrates
    journal, January 2020