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Title: Multidiagnostic analysis of ion dynamics in ultrafast laser ablation of metals over a large fluence range

The dynamics of ions in ultrafast laser ablation of metals is studied over fluences ranging from the ablation threshold up to ≈75 J/cm{sup 2} by means of three well-established diagnostic techniques. Langmuir probe, Faraday cup, and spectrally resolved intensified charge coupled device imaging simultaneously monitored the ions produced during ultrafast laser ablation of a pure copper target with 800 nm, ≈50 fs, Ti: Sapphire laser pulses. The fluence dependence of ion yield is analyzed, resulting in the observance of three different regimes. The specific ion yield shows a maximum at about 4–5 J/cm{sup 2}, followed by a gradual reduction and a transition to a high-fluence regime above ≈50 J/cm{sup 2}. The fluence dependence of the copper ions angular distribution is also analyzed, observing a gradual increase in forward-peaking of Cu ions for fluences up to ≈10 J/cm{sup 2}. A broader ion component is observed at larger angles for fluences larger than ≈10 J/cm{sup 2}. Finally, an experimental characterization of the ionic angular distribution for several metallic targets (Mg, Al, Cr, Fe, Cu, and W) is carried out at a relatively high fluence of ≈66 J/cm{sup 2}. Interestingly, the ion emission from the volatile metals shows a narrow, forward-peaked distribution, and a high peak ion yield compared tomore » the refractory metals. Moreover, the width of ionic angular distributions presents a striking correlation with the peak ion yield.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. CNR-SPIN and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, Napoli 80126 (Italy)
  2. Center for Materials Under Extreme Environment, School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22413151
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ABLATION; ALUMINIUM; ANGULAR DISTRIBUTION; CHARGE-COUPLED DEVICES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COPPER; COPPER IONS; CORRELATIONS; FARADAY CUPS; IRON; LANGMUIR PROBE; LASER RADIATION; MAGNESIUM; REFRACTORY METALS; VOLATILITY