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Title: Electrical and structural degradation of GaN high electron mobility transistors under high-power and high-temperature Direct Current stress

We have stressed AlGaN/GaN HEMTs (High Electron Mobility Transistors) under high-power and high-temperature DC conditions that resulted in various levels of device degradation. Following electrical stress, we conducted a well-established three-step wet etching process to remove passivation, gate and ohmic contacts so that the device surface can be examined by SEM and AFM. We have found prominent pits and trenches that have formed under the gate edge on the drain side of the device. The width and depth of the pits under the gate edge correlate with the degree of drain current degradation. In addition, we also found visible erosion under the full extent of the gate. The depth of the eroded region averaged along the gate width under the gate correlated with channel resistance degradation. Both electrical and structural analysis results indicate that device degradation under high-power DC conditions is of a similar nature as in better understood high-voltage OFF-state conditions. The recognition of a unified degradation mechanism provides impetus to the development of a degradation model with lifetime predictive capabilities for a broad range of operating conditions spanning from OFF-state to ON-state.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Microsystems Technology Laboratories, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)
  2. IBM T. J. Watson, Yorktown Height, New York 10598 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22412852
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; DIRECT CURRENT; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRON MOBILITY; ETCHING; GALLIUM NITRIDES; LIFETIME; PASSIVATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STRESSES; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRANSISTORS