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Title: Rheological signatures of gelation and effect of shear melting on aging colloidal suspension

Colloidal suspensions that are out of thermodynamic equilibrium undergo physical aging wherein their structure evolves to lower the free energy. In aqueous suspension of Laponite, physical aging accompanies increases of elastic and viscous moduli as a function of time. In this work, we study temporal evolution of elastic and viscous moduli at different frequencies and observe that freshly prepared aqueous suspension of Laponite demonstrates identical rheological behavior reported for the crosslinking polymeric materials undergoing chemical gelation. Consequently at a certain time, tan δ is observed to be independent of frequency. However, for samples preserved under rest condition for longer duration before applying the shear melting, the liquid to solid transition subsequent to shear melting shows greater deviation from classical gelation. We also obtain continuous relaxation time spectra from the frequency dependence of viscous modulus. We observe that, with an increase in the rest time, continuous relaxation time spectrum shows gradual variation from negative slope, describing dominance of fast relaxation modes to positive slope representing dominance of slow relaxation modes. We propose that the deviation from gelation behavior for the shear melted suspensions originates from inability of shear melting to completely break the percolated structure thereby creating unbroken aggregates. The volume fractionmore » of such unbroken aggregates increases with the rest time. For small rest times presence of fewer number of unbroken aggregates cause deviation from the classical gelation. On the other hand, at high rest times presence of greater fraction of unbroken aggregates subsequent to shear melting demonstrate dynamic arrest leading to inversion of relaxation time spectra.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22360150
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Rheology; Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 The Society of Rheology; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; AGING; CROSS-LINKING; EQUILIBRIUM; FREE ENERGY; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; GELATION; LIQUIDS; MATERIALS; MELTING; RELAXATION TIME; SHEAR; SOLIDS; SPECTRA; SUSPENSIONS; TIME DEPENDENCE