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Title: The star-forming galaxy contribution to the cosmic MeV and GeV gamma-ray background

Star-forming galaxies could be major contributors to the cosmic GeV γ-ray background, and they are expected to be MeV-dim because of the 'pion bump' falling off below ∼100 MeV. However, there are very few observations of galaxies in the MeV range and other emission processes could be present. We investigate the MeV background from star-forming galaxies by running one-zone models of cosmic ray populations, including inverse Compton and bremsstrahlung, as well as nuclear lines (including {sup 26}Al), emission from core-collapse supernovae, and positron annihilation emission, in addition to the pionic emission. We use the Milky Way and M82 as templates of normal and starburst galaxies and compare our models to radio and GeV-TeV γ-ray data. We find that (1) higher gas densities in high-z normal galaxies lead to a strong pion bump, (2) starbursts may have significant MeV emission if their magnetic field strengths are low, and (3) cascades can contribute to the MeV emission of starbursts if they emit mainly hadronic γ-rays. Our fiducial model predicts that most of the unresolved GeV background is from star-forming galaxies, but this prediction is uncertain by an order of magnitude. About ∼2% of the claimed 1 MeV background is diffuse emission frommore » star-forming galaxies; we place a firm upper limit of ≲ 10% based on the spectral shape of the background. The star formation contribution is constrained to be small because its spectrum is peaked, while the observed background is steeply falling with energy through the MeV-GeV range.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute for Advanced Study, Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)
  2. Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 4129 Frederick Reines Hall, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4575 (United States)
  3. Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22357011
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 786; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALUMINIUM 26; ANNIHILATION; BREMSSTRAHLUNG; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMIC RADIATION; DENSITY; EMISSION; FORECASTING; GALAXIES; GAMMA RADIATION; GEV RANGE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MEV RANGE; MILKY WAY; SPECTRA; STAR EVOLUTION; SUPERNOVAE; TEV RANGE