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Title: Weak ferromagnetism and nanodimensional ferroelectric domain structure stabilized in the polar phase of Bi{sub 1−x}Nd{sub x}FeO{sub 3} multiferroics via Ti doping

Crystal structure, microstructure, local ferroelectric, and magnetic properties of the Bi{sub 0.9}Nd{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} samples have been investigated at room temperature to reveal the effect of Ti{sup 4+} doping on the multiferroic behavior of the lanthanide-modified compound representing a polar (space group R3c) antiferromagnetic phase of the Bi{sub 1−x}Ln{sub x}FeO{sub 3} perovskites. Ti doping results in a gradual suppression of the rhombohedral distortions, however, symmetry of the crystal structure remains the same in the entire concentration range allowing the single-phase perovskites to be obtained (x ≤ 0.08). The doping tends to reduce existing lone-pair cation-driven polar displacements, thus giving rise to a decrease of the ferroelectric polarization in the Bi{sub 0.9}Nd{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} (x→0.08) series. A drastic (from ∼10 μm for x = 0 to ∼1 μm for 0.02 ≤ x ≤ 0.08) decrease of the average grain size induced by the doping is accompanied by the formation of a ferroelectric domain structure with the average domain width of ∼40 nm. Finally, the doping was shown to induce an antiferromagnetic to weak ferromagnetic transformation. The maximum remanent magnetization observed in the Bi{sub 0.9}Nd{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} series at x ∼ 0.05 coincides with the locked magnetization releasing upon the magnetic field-induced suppression of the magnetic cycloid in puremore » BiFeO{sub 3}.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. CEMDRX/Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal)
  2. Unidade de Ciências Químicas e Radiofarmacêuticas, IST/CTN, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa/CFMCUL, P-2686-953 Sacavém (Portugal)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273538
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; FERRITES; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; FERROMAGNETISM; GRAIN SIZE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; NEODYMIUM COMPOUNDS; POLARIZATION; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TITANIUM COMPOUNDS; TITANIUM IONS; TRIGONAL LATTICES