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Title: Improved Capacity Retention of Lithium Ion Batteries under Fast Charge via Metal-Coated Graphite Electrodes

Abstract

A primary barrier preventing repetitive fast charging of Li-ion batteries is lithium metal plating at the graphite anode. One approach toward mitigating Li metal deposition is the deliberate modification of the graphite anode surface with materials demonstrating high overpotentials unfavorable for Li metal nucleation, such as Ni or Cu nanoscale films. This research explores Ni and Cu surface coatings at different areal loadings (3 or 11 μg cm-2) on the electrochemistry of graphite/LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 (NMC622) type Li-ion batteries. Extended galvanostatic cycling of control and metal-coated electrodes in graphite/NMC622 pouch cells are conducted under high rate conditions. Based on the overpotential of Li deposition on metal foil, both Ni and Cu treatments were anticipated to result in reduced lithium deposition. The higher metal film loadings of 11 μg cm-2 Ni- or Cu-coated electrodes exhibit the highest capacity retention after 500 cycles, with mean improvements of 8% and 9%, respectively, over uncoated graphite electrodes. Li plating quantified by X-ray diffraction indicates that the metal films effectively reduce the quantity of plated Li compared to untreated electrodes, with 11 μg cm-2 Cu providing the greatest benefit.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1756178
Report Number(s):
BNL-220765-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1945-7111
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online); Journal Volume: 167; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 1945-7111
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Tallman, Killian R., Yan, Shan, Quilty, Calvin D., Abraham, Alyson, McCarthy, Alison H., Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., and Bock, David C.. Improved Capacity Retention of Lithium Ion Batteries under Fast Charge via Metal-Coated Graphite Electrodes. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/abcaba.
Tallman, Killian R., Yan, Shan, Quilty, Calvin D., Abraham, Alyson, McCarthy, Alison H., Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., & Bock, David C.. Improved Capacity Retention of Lithium Ion Batteries under Fast Charge via Metal-Coated Graphite Electrodes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/abcaba
Tallman, Killian R., Yan, Shan, Quilty, Calvin D., Abraham, Alyson, McCarthy, Alison H., Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., and Bock, David C.. Fri . "Improved Capacity Retention of Lithium Ion Batteries under Fast Charge via Metal-Coated Graphite Electrodes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/abcaba. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1756178.
@article{osti_1756178,
title = {Improved Capacity Retention of Lithium Ion Batteries under Fast Charge via Metal-Coated Graphite Electrodes},
author = {Tallman, Killian R. and Yan, Shan and Quilty, Calvin D. and Abraham, Alyson and McCarthy, Alison H. and Marschilok, Amy C. and Takeuchi, Kenneth J. and Takeuchi, Esther S. and Bock, David C.},
abstractNote = {A primary barrier preventing repetitive fast charging of Li-ion batteries is lithium metal plating at the graphite anode. One approach toward mitigating Li metal deposition is the deliberate modification of the graphite anode surface with materials demonstrating high overpotentials unfavorable for Li metal nucleation, such as Ni or Cu nanoscale films. This research explores Ni and Cu surface coatings at different areal loadings (3 or 11 μg cm-2) on the electrochemistry of graphite/LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 (NMC622) type Li-ion batteries. Extended galvanostatic cycling of control and metal-coated electrodes in graphite/NMC622 pouch cells are conducted under high rate conditions. Based on the overpotential of Li deposition on metal foil, both Ni and Cu treatments were anticipated to result in reduced lithium deposition. The higher metal film loadings of 11 μg cm-2 Ni- or Cu-coated electrodes exhibit the highest capacity retention after 500 cycles, with mean improvements of 8% and 9%, respectively, over uncoated graphite electrodes. Li plating quantified by X-ray diffraction indicates that the metal films effectively reduce the quantity of plated Li compared to untreated electrodes, with 11 μg cm-2 Cu providing the greatest benefit.},
doi = {10.1149/1945-7111/abcaba},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online)},
number = 16,
volume = 167,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {11}
}

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