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Title: Perennial Bioenergy Crop Yield and Quality Response to Nitrogen Fertilization

Abstract

At two sites in the North Central USA (Michigan (KBS) and Wisconsin (ARL)), we evaluated the effect of N fertilization on the yield and quality of five perennial bioenergy feedstock cropping systems: (1) switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), (2) giant miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus), (3) a native grass mixture (5 species), (4) an early successional field (volunteer herbaceous species), and (5) a restored prairie (18 species). In a randomized complete block design with 5 replicates and 2 split plots, N was applied at 0 and 56 kg ha–1 to split plots for each cropping system from 2010 to 2016. No yield response to N was detected in switchgrass at either location in any year. Giant miscanthus exhibited a positive yield response to N at both sites (11% at KBS and 83% at ARL). Nitrogen fertilizer addition significantly reduced glucose (KBS 12.9 and 13.8 g kg–1 year–1, ARL 11.2 and 9.7 g kg–1 year–1) in the native grass mix and restored prairie systems respectively. Here, nitrogen fertilizer also reduced xylose at KBS in the switchgrasss, native grass mix, and restored prairie (4.9, 7.5, and 5.0 g kg–1 year–1). At ARL, N fertilization reduced xylose levels in switchgrass, giant miscanthus, and restored prairiemore » (7.4, 6.8, and 6.2 g kg–1 year–1) and increased xylose levels in the early successional system (5.0 g kg–1 year–1).« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [1]
  1. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  3. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States); Michigan State Univ., Hickory Corner, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC), Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1637671
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018409; FC02-07ER64494
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
BioEnergy Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1939-1234
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; biomass yield; glucose content; xylose content; ethanol yield; perennial grasses

Citation Formats

Wang, Sichao, Sanford, Gregg R., Robertson, G. Philip, Jackson, Randall D., and Thelen, Kurt D. Perennial Bioenergy Crop Yield and Quality Response to Nitrogen Fertilization. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12155-019-10072-z.
Wang, Sichao, Sanford, Gregg R., Robertson, G. Philip, Jackson, Randall D., & Thelen, Kurt D. Perennial Bioenergy Crop Yield and Quality Response to Nitrogen Fertilization. United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12155-019-10072-z
Wang, Sichao, Sanford, Gregg R., Robertson, G. Philip, Jackson, Randall D., and Thelen, Kurt D. Wed . "Perennial Bioenergy Crop Yield and Quality Response to Nitrogen Fertilization". United States. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12155-019-10072-z. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1637671.
@article{osti_1637671,
title = {Perennial Bioenergy Crop Yield and Quality Response to Nitrogen Fertilization},
author = {Wang, Sichao and Sanford, Gregg R. and Robertson, G. Philip and Jackson, Randall D. and Thelen, Kurt D.},
abstractNote = {At two sites in the North Central USA (Michigan (KBS) and Wisconsin (ARL)), we evaluated the effect of N fertilization on the yield and quality of five perennial bioenergy feedstock cropping systems: (1) switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), (2) giant miscanthus (Miscanthus × giganteus), (3) a native grass mixture (5 species), (4) an early successional field (volunteer herbaceous species), and (5) a restored prairie (18 species). In a randomized complete block design with 5 replicates and 2 split plots, N was applied at 0 and 56 kg ha–1 to split plots for each cropping system from 2010 to 2016. No yield response to N was detected in switchgrass at either location in any year. Giant miscanthus exhibited a positive yield response to N at both sites (11% at KBS and 83% at ARL). Nitrogen fertilizer addition significantly reduced glucose (KBS 12.9 and 13.8 g kg–1 year–1, ARL 11.2 and 9.7 g kg–1 year–1) in the native grass mix and restored prairie systems respectively. Here, nitrogen fertilizer also reduced xylose at KBS in the switchgrasss, native grass mix, and restored prairie (4.9, 7.5, and 5.0 g kg–1 year–1). At ARL, N fertilization reduced xylose levels in switchgrass, giant miscanthus, and restored prairie (7.4, 6.8, and 6.2 g kg–1 year–1) and increased xylose levels in the early successional system (5.0 g kg–1 year–1).},
doi = {10.1007/s12155-019-10072-z},
journal = {BioEnergy Research},
number = 1,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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