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Title: Simultaneous Spark Plasma Sintering of Multiple Complex Shapes

Abstract

This work addresses the two great challenges of the spark plasma sintering (SPS) process: The sintering of complex shapes and the simultaneous production of multiple parts. A new controllable interface method is employed to concurrently consolidate two nickel gear shapes by SPS. A graphite deformable sub-mold is specifically designed for the mutual densification of both complex parts in a unique 40 mm powder deformation space. An energy efficient SPS configuration is developed to allow the sintering of a large-scale powder assembly under electric current lower than 900 A. The stability of the developed process is studied by electro-thermal-mechanical (ETM) simulation. The ETM simulation reveals that homogeneous densification conditions can be attained by inserting an alumina powder at the sample/punches interfaces, enabling the energy efficient heating and the thermal confinement of the nickel powder. Finally, the feasibility of the fabrication of the two near net shape gears with a very homogeneous microstructure is demonstrated.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. San Diego State Univ., CA (United States)
  2. San Diego State Univ., CA (United States); Univ. of San Diego, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
San Diego State Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1611092
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0008581
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Materials Science; spark plasma sintering; complex shapes; energy efficient; multiple parts; multiphysics simulation; deformed interface method

Citation Formats

Manière, Charles, Torresani, Elisa, and Olevsky, Eugene. Simultaneous Spark Plasma Sintering of Multiple Complex Shapes. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/ma12040557.
Manière, Charles, Torresani, Elisa, & Olevsky, Eugene. Simultaneous Spark Plasma Sintering of Multiple Complex Shapes. United States. doi:10.3390/ma12040557.
Manière, Charles, Torresani, Elisa, and Olevsky, Eugene. Wed . "Simultaneous Spark Plasma Sintering of Multiple Complex Shapes". United States. doi:10.3390/ma12040557. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1611092.
@article{osti_1611092,
title = {Simultaneous Spark Plasma Sintering of Multiple Complex Shapes},
author = {Manière, Charles and Torresani, Elisa and Olevsky, Eugene},
abstractNote = {This work addresses the two great challenges of the spark plasma sintering (SPS) process: The sintering of complex shapes and the simultaneous production of multiple parts. A new controllable interface method is employed to concurrently consolidate two nickel gear shapes by SPS. A graphite deformable sub-mold is specifically designed for the mutual densification of both complex parts in a unique 40 mm powder deformation space. An energy efficient SPS configuration is developed to allow the sintering of a large-scale powder assembly under electric current lower than 900 A. The stability of the developed process is studied by electro-thermal-mechanical (ETM) simulation. The ETM simulation reveals that homogeneous densification conditions can be attained by inserting an alumina powder at the sample/punches interfaces, enabling the energy efficient heating and the thermal confinement of the nickel powder. Finally, the feasibility of the fabrication of the two near net shape gears with a very homogeneous microstructure is demonstrated.},
doi = {10.3390/ma12040557},
journal = {Materials},
number = 4,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {2}
}

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Cited by: 2 works
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