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Title: All-Materials-Inclusive Flash Spark Plasma Sintering

Abstract

A new flash (ultra-rapid) spark plasma sintering method applicable to various materials systems, regardless of their electrical resistivity, is developed. A number of powders ranging from metals to electrically insulative ceramics have been successfully densified resulting in homogeneous microstructures within sintering times of 8–35 s. A finite element simulation reveals that the developed method, providing an extraordinary fast and homogeneous heating concentrated in the sample’s volume and punches, is applicable to all the different samples tested. The utilized uniquely controllable flash phenomenon is enabled by the combination of the electric current concentration around the sample and the confinement of the heat generated in this area by the lateral thermal contact resistance. The presented new method allows: extending flash sintering to nearly all materials, controlling sample shape by an added graphite die, and an energy efficient mass production of small and intermediate size objects. This approach represents also a potential venue for future investigations of flash sintering of complex shapes.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. San Diego State Univ., San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
San Diego State Univ., San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1500042
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0008581
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Manière, Charles, Lee, Geuntak, and Olevsky, Eugene A. All-Materials-Inclusive Flash Spark Plasma Sintering. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15365-x.
Manière, Charles, Lee, Geuntak, & Olevsky, Eugene A. All-Materials-Inclusive Flash Spark Plasma Sintering. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15365-x.
Manière, Charles, Lee, Geuntak, and Olevsky, Eugene A. Wed . "All-Materials-Inclusive Flash Spark Plasma Sintering". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15365-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1500042.
@article{osti_1500042,
title = {All-Materials-Inclusive Flash Spark Plasma Sintering},
author = {Manière, Charles and Lee, Geuntak and Olevsky, Eugene A.},
abstractNote = {A new flash (ultra-rapid) spark plasma sintering method applicable to various materials systems, regardless of their electrical resistivity, is developed. A number of powders ranging from metals to electrically insulative ceramics have been successfully densified resulting in homogeneous microstructures within sintering times of 8–35 s. A finite element simulation reveals that the developed method, providing an extraordinary fast and homogeneous heating concentrated in the sample’s volume and punches, is applicable to all the different samples tested. The utilized uniquely controllable flash phenomenon is enabled by the combination of the electric current concentration around the sample and the confinement of the heat generated in this area by the lateral thermal contact resistance. The presented new method allows: extending flash sintering to nearly all materials, controlling sample shape by an added graphite die, and an energy efficient mass production of small and intermediate size objects. This approach represents also a potential venue for future investigations of flash sintering of complex shapes.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-15365-x},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 21 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Experimental electric current (a,c) and displacement (b,d) curves under constant current mode (a,b) and forced mode (c,d).

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      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.