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Title: One-Pot Aqueous and Template-Free Synthesis of Mesoporous Polymeric Resins

Abstract

This report explores the novel one-pot aqueous phase synthesis of mesoporous phenolic-hyperbranched polyethyleneimine resins without the use of a template, and their utility as heterogeneous catalysts in batch reactors and continuous microreactors. Catalyst surface areas of up to 432 m2/g were achieved with a uniform Pd distribution and an interconnected, highly porous, network structure, confirmed through Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopes (SEM), X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The heterogeneous catalysts achieved a maximum 98.98 ± 1% conversion in batch Suzuki couplings, with conversions being dependent upon reaction conditions, reactant chemistries, Pd loading and catalyst surface area. The catalysts were shown to be recyclable with only a marginal loss in conversion achieved after five runs. Up to 62 ± 5% and 46.5 ± 8% conversions at 0.2 mL/s and 0.4 mL/s flow rates, respectively, were achieved in a continuous microreactor. Understanding the mechanism of action of this mesoporous resin is a future research area, which could help expand the application vistas for this catalyst platform.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Rowan Univ., Glassboro, NJ (United States)
  2. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  3. Fuzhou Univ. (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division
OSTI Identifier:
1598222
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-86ER13622
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysts
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4344
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Nabavinia, Mahboubeh, Kanjilal, Baishali, Hesketh, Alexander, Wall, Philip, Shirazi Amin, Alireza, Kerns, Peter, Stanzione, Joseph, Suib, Steven, Liu, Fujian, and Noshadi, Iman. One-Pot Aqueous and Template-Free Synthesis of Mesoporous Polymeric Resins. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9090782.
Nabavinia, Mahboubeh, Kanjilal, Baishali, Hesketh, Alexander, Wall, Philip, Shirazi Amin, Alireza, Kerns, Peter, Stanzione, Joseph, Suib, Steven, Liu, Fujian, & Noshadi, Iman. One-Pot Aqueous and Template-Free Synthesis of Mesoporous Polymeric Resins. United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9090782
Nabavinia, Mahboubeh, Kanjilal, Baishali, Hesketh, Alexander, Wall, Philip, Shirazi Amin, Alireza, Kerns, Peter, Stanzione, Joseph, Suib, Steven, Liu, Fujian, and Noshadi, Iman. Thu . "One-Pot Aqueous and Template-Free Synthesis of Mesoporous Polymeric Resins". United States. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9090782. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1598222.
@article{osti_1598222,
title = {One-Pot Aqueous and Template-Free Synthesis of Mesoporous Polymeric Resins},
author = {Nabavinia, Mahboubeh and Kanjilal, Baishali and Hesketh, Alexander and Wall, Philip and Shirazi Amin, Alireza and Kerns, Peter and Stanzione, Joseph and Suib, Steven and Liu, Fujian and Noshadi, Iman},
abstractNote = {This report explores the novel one-pot aqueous phase synthesis of mesoporous phenolic-hyperbranched polyethyleneimine resins without the use of a template, and their utility as heterogeneous catalysts in batch reactors and continuous microreactors. Catalyst surface areas of up to 432 m2/g were achieved with a uniform Pd distribution and an interconnected, highly porous, network structure, confirmed through Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area measurements, scanning electron microscopes (SEM), X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The heterogeneous catalysts achieved a maximum 98.98 ± 1% conversion in batch Suzuki couplings, with conversions being dependent upon reaction conditions, reactant chemistries, Pd loading and catalyst surface area. The catalysts were shown to be recyclable with only a marginal loss in conversion achieved after five runs. Up to 62 ± 5% and 46.5 ± 8% conversions at 0.2 mL/s and 0.4 mL/s flow rates, respectively, were achieved in a continuous microreactor. Understanding the mechanism of action of this mesoporous resin is a future research area, which could help expand the application vistas for this catalyst platform.},
doi = {10.3390/catal9090782},
journal = {Catalysts},
number = 9,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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