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Title: The MoSeS dynamic omnigami paradigm for smart shape and composition programmable 2D materials

Abstract

The properties of 2D materials can be broadly tuned through alloying and phase and strain engineering. Shape programmable materials offer tremendous functionality, but sub-micron objects are typically unachievable with conventional thin films. Here we propose a new approach, combining phase/strain engineering with shape programming, to form 3D objects by patterned alloying of 2D transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers. Conjugately, monolayers can be compositionally patterned using non-flat substrates. For concreteness, we focus on the TMD alloy MoSe2cS2(1–c); i.e., MoSeS. These 2D materials down-scale shape/composition programming to nanoscale objects/patterns, provide control of both bending and stretching deformations, are reversibly actuatable with electric fields, and possess the extraordinary and diverse properties of TMDs. Utilizing a first principles-informed continuum model, we demonstrate how a variety of shapes/composition patterns can be programmed and reversibly modulated across length scales. Furthermore, the vast space of possible designs and scales enables novel material properties and thus new applications spanning flexible electronics/optics, catalysis, responsive coatings, and soft robotics.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  4. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); City Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Complex Materials from First Principles (CCM); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1592988
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-792857
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; 990844; TRN: US2101994
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; SC0012575; FA9550-16-1-0031; FA9550-16-1-0347; DMR-1719875; DMR-1420709
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Berry, Joel, Ristić, Simeon, Zhou, Songsong, Park, Jiwoong, and Srolovitz, David J. The MoSeS dynamic omnigami paradigm for smart shape and composition programmable 2D materials. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12945-5.
Berry, Joel, Ristić, Simeon, Zhou, Songsong, Park, Jiwoong, & Srolovitz, David J. The MoSeS dynamic omnigami paradigm for smart shape and composition programmable 2D materials. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12945-5
Berry, Joel, Ristić, Simeon, Zhou, Songsong, Park, Jiwoong, and Srolovitz, David J. Fri . "The MoSeS dynamic omnigami paradigm for smart shape and composition programmable 2D materials". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12945-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1592988.
@article{osti_1592988,
title = {The MoSeS dynamic omnigami paradigm for smart shape and composition programmable 2D materials},
author = {Berry, Joel and Ristić, Simeon and Zhou, Songsong and Park, Jiwoong and Srolovitz, David J.},
abstractNote = {The properties of 2D materials can be broadly tuned through alloying and phase and strain engineering. Shape programmable materials offer tremendous functionality, but sub-micron objects are typically unachievable with conventional thin films. Here we propose a new approach, combining phase/strain engineering with shape programming, to form 3D objects by patterned alloying of 2D transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers. Conjugately, monolayers can be compositionally patterned using non-flat substrates. For concreteness, we focus on the TMD alloy MoSe2cS2(1–c); i.e., MoSeS. These 2D materials down-scale shape/composition programming to nanoscale objects/patterns, provide control of both bending and stretching deformations, are reversibly actuatable with electric fields, and possess the extraordinary and diverse properties of TMDs. Utilizing a first principles-informed continuum model, we demonstrate how a variety of shapes/composition patterns can be programmed and reversibly modulated across length scales. Furthermore, the vast space of possible designs and scales enables novel material properties and thus new applications spanning flexible electronics/optics, catalysis, responsive coatings, and soft robotics.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-12945-5},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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