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Title: Understanding the Impact of a Nonafluorinated Ether-Based Electrolyte on Li-S Battery

Abstract

The impact of the electrolyte solvation structure on the performance of Li-S battery was investigated using an electrolyte system containing various solvent ratios of DOL and a nonafluorinated ether: 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropyl ether (TPE). The cell testing results indicate that increasing the TPE ratio led to both a higher discharge capacity and a higher Coulombic efficiency. The Li electrodes from the Li/Li symmetric cells showed that the one in higher TPE-content electrolyte has a smoother and more continuous SEI layer. AIMD simulation revealed the solvation structure of DOL/TPE - lithium polysulfide changes when the TPE concentration increases, which dictates the lithium polysulfide solubility in such electrolyte. These results shed light on the underpinned mechanism of the improved Coulombic efficiency and cycling performance of the Li-S cell.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [5];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Worcester Polytechnic Institute, MA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America, Inc., Redford, MI (United States)
  4. Daimler AG, Boeblingen (Germany)
  5. Worcester Polytechnic Institute, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1578052
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 166; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Cao, Jiayu, Tornheim, Adam, Glossmann, Tobias, Hintennach, Andreas, Rojas, Tomas, Meisner, Quinton, Sahore, Ritu, Liu, Qian, Wang, Yan, Ngo, Anh, Curtiss, Larry A., and Zhang, Zhengcheng. Understanding the Impact of a Nonafluorinated Ether-Based Electrolyte on Li-S Battery. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0751915jes.
Cao, Jiayu, Tornheim, Adam, Glossmann, Tobias, Hintennach, Andreas, Rojas, Tomas, Meisner, Quinton, Sahore, Ritu, Liu, Qian, Wang, Yan, Ngo, Anh, Curtiss, Larry A., & Zhang, Zhengcheng. Understanding the Impact of a Nonafluorinated Ether-Based Electrolyte on Li-S Battery. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0751915jes.
Cao, Jiayu, Tornheim, Adam, Glossmann, Tobias, Hintennach, Andreas, Rojas, Tomas, Meisner, Quinton, Sahore, Ritu, Liu, Qian, Wang, Yan, Ngo, Anh, Curtiss, Larry A., and Zhang, Zhengcheng. Tue . "Understanding the Impact of a Nonafluorinated Ether-Based Electrolyte on Li-S Battery". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0751915jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1578052.
@article{osti_1578052,
title = {Understanding the Impact of a Nonafluorinated Ether-Based Electrolyte on Li-S Battery},
author = {Cao, Jiayu and Tornheim, Adam and Glossmann, Tobias and Hintennach, Andreas and Rojas, Tomas and Meisner, Quinton and Sahore, Ritu and Liu, Qian and Wang, Yan and Ngo, Anh and Curtiss, Larry A. and Zhang, Zhengcheng},
abstractNote = {The impact of the electrolyte solvation structure on the performance of Li-S battery was investigated using an electrolyte system containing various solvent ratios of DOL and a nonafluorinated ether: 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl-2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropyl ether (TPE). The cell testing results indicate that increasing the TPE ratio led to both a higher discharge capacity and a higher Coulombic efficiency. The Li electrodes from the Li/Li symmetric cells showed that the one in higher TPE-content electrolyte has a smoother and more continuous SEI layer. AIMD simulation revealed the solvation structure of DOL/TPE - lithium polysulfide changes when the TPE concentration increases, which dictates the lithium polysulfide solubility in such electrolyte. These results shed light on the underpinned mechanism of the improved Coulombic efficiency and cycling performance of the Li-S cell.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0751915jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 15,
volume = 166,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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