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# Drift-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations of *m* = 0 modes in Z-pinch plasmas

## Abstract

In this paper, the effects of m = 0 modes on equilibrium Z-pinch plasmas are studied using a drift-ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model. The model equations are an extension of ideal MHD to include finite-ion-inertial-length/cyclotron-frequency (Ω _{i}) effects in Ohm's law and in the electron and ion heat transport equations. The linear modes contained in this model include the ideal interchange (sausage) mode and in the magnetized limit, Ω _{i}τ _{i}»1 with τ _{i} the ion collision time, nonideal entropy modes. It is well known that these two modes are decoupled in the kρ _{s} « 1 limit, where k is the axial mode number and ρ _{s} = c _{s}/Ω _{i} is the gyro-Bohm scale with c _{s} the sound speed [B. Kadomtsev, Sov. Phys. JETP-USSR 10, 780 (1960)]. For Bennett equilibrium profiles, it is shown that the regions of stability for both modes are completely governed by the adiabatic coefficient γ in these limits. Equilibria with Bennett profiles are stable to entropy modes for γ < 2 but unstable to ideal modes and vice versa for γ > 2. However, these modes are no longer decoupled when kρ _{s}≳1. The simulation results of the fully nonlinear set of equationsmore »

- Authors:

- Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1558863

- Alternate Identifier(s):
- OSTI ID: 1544456

- Report Number(s):
- LLNL-JRNL-767947

Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; 958625

- Grant/Contract Number:
- AC52-07NA27344; 18-ERD-007

- Resource Type:
- Accepted Manuscript

- Journal Name:
- Physics of Plasmas

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X

- Publisher:
- American Institute of Physics (AIP)

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

### Citation Formats

```
Angus, J. R., Dorf, M., and Geyko, V. I. Drift-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations of m = 0 modes in Z-pinch plasmas. United States: N. p., 2019.
Web. doi:10.1063/1.5093625.
```

```
Angus, J. R., Dorf, M., & Geyko, V. I. Drift-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations of m = 0 modes in Z-pinch plasmas. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5093625.
```

```
Angus, J. R., Dorf, M., and Geyko, V. I. Tue .
"Drift-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations of m = 0 modes in Z-pinch plasmas". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5093625.
```

```
@article{osti_1558863,
```

title = {Drift-ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations of m = 0 modes in Z-pinch plasmas},

author = {Angus, J. R. and Dorf, M. and Geyko, V. I.},

abstractNote = {In this paper, the effects of m = 0 modes on equilibrium Z-pinch plasmas are studied using a drift-ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model. The model equations are an extension of ideal MHD to include finite-ion-inertial-length/cyclotron-frequency (Ωi) effects in Ohm's law and in the electron and ion heat transport equations. The linear modes contained in this model include the ideal interchange (sausage) mode and in the magnetized limit, Ωiτi»1 with τi the ion collision time, nonideal entropy modes. It is well known that these two modes are decoupled in the kρs « 1 limit, where k is the axial mode number and ρs = cs/Ωi is the gyro-Bohm scale with cs the sound speed [B. Kadomtsev, Sov. Phys. JETP-USSR 10, 780 (1960)]. For Bennett equilibrium profiles, it is shown that the regions of stability for both modes are completely governed by the adiabatic coefficient γ in these limits. Equilibria with Bennett profiles are stable to entropy modes for γ < 2 but unstable to ideal modes and vice versa for γ > 2. However, these modes are no longer decoupled when kρs≳1. The simulation results of the fully nonlinear set of equations in the magnetized limit show that seeded modes with kρs≳1 and γ = 5/3 display the characteristics of both ideal and entropy modes. The general heat flux for both ions and electrons as a function of the species magnetization is retained in the model. Both the linear and nonlinear behaviors of seeded modes for kρs≳1 display a strong dependence on the magnetization of the ions. Lastly, the growth rate increases linearly with k at large kρs when the ions are magnetized but decreases with increasing k when Ωiτi≲1.},

doi = {10.1063/1.5093625},

journal = {Physics of Plasmas},

number = 7,

volume = 26,

place = {United States},

year = {2019},

month = {7}

}

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