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Title: Identification of Phase Transitions and Metastability in Dynamically Compressed Antimony Using Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction

Abstract

Ultrafast x-ray diffraction at the LCLS x-ray free electron laser has been used to resolve the structural behavior of antimony under shock compression to 59 GPa. Antimony is seen to transform to the incommensurate, host-guest phase Sb-II at ~11 GPa, which forms on nanosecond timescales with ordered guest-atom chains. The high-pressure bcc phase Sb-III is observed above ~15 GPa, some 8 GPa lower than in static compression studies, and mixed Sb-III/liquid diffraction are obtained between 38 and 59 GPa. An additional phase which does not exist under static compression, Sb–I', is also observed between 8 and 12 GPa, beyond the normal stability field of Sb-I, and resembles Sb-I with a resolved Peierls distortion. In conclusion, the incommensurate Sb-II high-pressure phase can be recovered metastably on release to ambient pressure, where it is stable for more than 10 ns.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [7];  [7];  [7];  [7];  [8];  [6];  [3];  [2]
  1. The Univ. of Edinburgh, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. The Univ. of Edinburgh, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
  3. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  6. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  7. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  8. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1546726
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1546370; OSTI ID: 1559910
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-775321
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO
Grant/Contract Number:  
EP/J017256/1; EP/P024513/1; EP/J017051/1; AC52-07NA27344; AC52-06NA25396; AC02-76SF00515; SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 122; Journal Issue: 25; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Coleman, A. L., Gorman, M. G., Briggs, R., McWilliams, R. S., McGonegle, D., Bolme, C. A., Gleason, A. E., Fratanduono, D. E., Smith, R. F., Galtier, E., Lee, H. J., Nagler, B., Granados, E., Collins, G. W., Eggert, J. H., Wark, J. S., and McMahon, M. I. Identification of Phase Transitions and Metastability in Dynamically Compressed Antimony Using Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.255704.
Coleman, A. L., Gorman, M. G., Briggs, R., McWilliams, R. S., McGonegle, D., Bolme, C. A., Gleason, A. E., Fratanduono, D. E., Smith, R. F., Galtier, E., Lee, H. J., Nagler, B., Granados, E., Collins, G. W., Eggert, J. H., Wark, J. S., & McMahon, M. I. Identification of Phase Transitions and Metastability in Dynamically Compressed Antimony Using Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction. United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.255704.
Coleman, A. L., Gorman, M. G., Briggs, R., McWilliams, R. S., McGonegle, D., Bolme, C. A., Gleason, A. E., Fratanduono, D. E., Smith, R. F., Galtier, E., Lee, H. J., Nagler, B., Granados, E., Collins, G. W., Eggert, J. H., Wark, J. S., and McMahon, M. I. Fri . "Identification of Phase Transitions and Metastability in Dynamically Compressed Antimony Using Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction". United States. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.122.255704.
@article{osti_1546726,
title = {Identification of Phase Transitions and Metastability in Dynamically Compressed Antimony Using Ultrafast X-Ray Diffraction},
author = {Coleman, A. L. and Gorman, M. G. and Briggs, R. and McWilliams, R. S. and McGonegle, D. and Bolme, C. A. and Gleason, A. E. and Fratanduono, D. E. and Smith, R. F. and Galtier, E. and Lee, H. J. and Nagler, B. and Granados, E. and Collins, G. W. and Eggert, J. H. and Wark, J. S. and McMahon, M. I.},
abstractNote = {Ultrafast x-ray diffraction at the LCLS x-ray free electron laser has been used to resolve the structural behavior of antimony under shock compression to 59 GPa. Antimony is seen to transform to the incommensurate, host-guest phase Sb-II at ~11 GPa, which forms on nanosecond timescales with ordered guest-atom chains. The high-pressure bcc phase Sb-III is observed above ~15 GPa, some 8 GPa lower than in static compression studies, and mixed Sb-III/liquid diffraction are obtained between 38 and 59 GPa. An additional phase which does not exist under static compression, Sb–I', is also observed between 8 and 12 GPa, beyond the normal stability field of Sb-I, and resembles Sb-I with a resolved Peierls distortion. In conclusion, the incommensurate Sb-II high-pressure phase can be recovered metastably on release to ambient pressure, where it is stable for more than 10 ns.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.122.255704},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 25,
volume = 122,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, April 2018


Pressure-induced phase transition in antimony at elevated temperatures
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Structural transformations in carbon under extreme pressure: Beyond diamond
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High-pressure structural studies of group-15 elements
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Investigation of a Shock‐Induced Phase Transition in Antimony
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Properties of plastic ablators in laser-driven material dynamics experiments
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Pressure-induced phase transition in antimony at elevated temperatures
    journal, May 1986


    Comparative Study of the High-Pressure Behavior of As, Sb, and Bi
    journal, December 2002

    • Häussermann, Ulrich; Söderberg, Karin; Norrestam, Rolf
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 124, Issue 51
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja020832s

    Ultrafast visualization of crystallization and grain growth in shock-compressed SiO2
    journal, September 2015

    • Gleason, A. E.; Bolme, C. A.; Lee, H. J.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9191

    Femtosecond diffraction studies of solid and liquid phase changes in shock-compressed bismuth
    journal, November 2018


    Dynamic Observations of the Course of a Shock‐Induced Polymorphic Phase Transition in Antimony
    journal, June 1968

    • Breed, B. R.; Venable, Douglas
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 39, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1656759

    Investigation of a Shock‐Induced Phase Transition in Antimony
    journal, November 1967


    Equation of State for Nineteen Metallic Elements from Shock‐Wave Measurements to Two Megabars
    journal, July 1960

    • McQueen, R. G.; Marsh, S. P.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 31, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1735815

    Line-imaging velocimeter for shock diagnostics at the OMEGA laser facility
    journal, November 2004

    • Celliers, P. M.; Bradley, D. K.; Collins, G. W.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 75, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1807008

    Direct measurements of the α-ϵ transition stress and kinetics for shocked iron
    journal, May 2009

    • Jensen, B. J.; Gray, G. T.; Hixson, R. S.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3110188

    Structural transformations in carbon under extreme pressure: Beyond diamond
    journal, May 2009

    • Sun, Jian; Klug, Dennis D.; Martoňák, Roman
    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 130, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3139060

    Time-dependence of the alpha to epsilon phase transformation in iron
    journal, December 2013

    • Smith, R. F.; Eggert, J. H.; Swift, D. C.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4839655

    Prediction of Debye-Scherrer diffraction patterns in arbitrarily strained samples
    journal, May 2014

    • Higginbotham, Andrew; McGonegle, David
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4874656

    Simulations of in situ x-ray diffraction from uniaxially compressed highly textured polycrystalline targets
    journal, August 2015

    • McGonegle, David; Milathianaki, Despina; Remington, Bruce A.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4927275

    High-pressure structural studies of group-15 elements
    journal, September 2004


    The thermal expansion of antimony and bismuth at low temperatures
    journal, January 1969


    Direct Observation of Melting in Shock-Compressed Bismuth With Femtosecond X-ray Diffraction
    journal, August 2015


    The Matter in Extreme Conditions instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source
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    The CSPAD megapixel x-ray camera at LCLS
    conference, October 2012

    • Hart, Philip; Boutet, Sébastien; Carini, Gabriella
    • SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, SPIE Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1117/12.930924