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Title: An Inter-Laboratory Study of Zn–Sn–Ti–O Thin Films using High-Throughput Experimental Methods

Abstract

High-throughput experimental (HTE) techniques are an increasingly important way to accelerate the rate of materials research and development for many technological applications. However, there are very few publications on the reproducibility of the HTE results obtained across different laboratories for the same materials system, and on the associated sample and data exchange standards. Here, we report a comparative study of Zn-Sn-Ti-O thin films materials using high-throughput experimental methods at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The thin film sample libraries were synthesized by combinatorial physical vapor deposition (co-sputtering and pulsed laser deposition), and characterized by spatially-resolved techniques for composition, structure, thickness, optical and electrical properties. The results of this study indicate that all these measurement techniques performed at two different laboratories show excellent qualitative agreement. The quantitative similarities and differences vary by measurement type, with 95% confidence interval of 0.1-0.2 eV for the band gap, 24-29 nm for film thickness, and 0.08 to 0.37 orders of magnitude for sheet resistance. Overall, this work serves as a case study for the feasibility of a High-Throughput Experimental Materials Collaboratory (HTE-MC) by demonstrating the exchange of high-throughput sample libraries, workflows and data.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [2];  [1]
  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-3460, United States
  2. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, Colorado 80401, United States
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025, United States
  4. University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Next Generation of Materials by Design: Incorporating Metastability (CNGMD); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Sustainability Performance Office (EE-5S)
OSTI Identifier:
1508183
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1503165; OSTI ID: 1508763; OSTI ID: 1512432
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5K00-72592
Journal ID: ISSN 2156-8952
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Combinatorial Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ACS Combinatorial Science Journal Volume: 21 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2156-8952
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; high-throughput experimental; thin films; materials research

Citation Formats

Hattrick-Simpers, Jason R., Zakutayev, Andriy, Barron, Sara C., Trautt, Zachary T., Nguyen, Nam, Choudhary, Kamal, DeCost, Brian, Phillips, Caleb, Kusne, A. Gilad, Yi, Feng, Mehta, Apurva, Takeuchi, Ichiro, Perkins, John D., and Green, Martin L. An Inter-Laboratory Study of Zn–Sn–Ti–O Thin Films using High-Throughput Experimental Methods. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscombsci.8b00158.
Hattrick-Simpers, Jason R., Zakutayev, Andriy, Barron, Sara C., Trautt, Zachary T., Nguyen, Nam, Choudhary, Kamal, DeCost, Brian, Phillips, Caleb, Kusne, A. Gilad, Yi, Feng, Mehta, Apurva, Takeuchi, Ichiro, Perkins, John D., & Green, Martin L. An Inter-Laboratory Study of Zn–Sn–Ti–O Thin Films using High-Throughput Experimental Methods. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscombsci.8b00158
Hattrick-Simpers, Jason R., Zakutayev, Andriy, Barron, Sara C., Trautt, Zachary T., Nguyen, Nam, Choudhary, Kamal, DeCost, Brian, Phillips, Caleb, Kusne, A. Gilad, Yi, Feng, Mehta, Apurva, Takeuchi, Ichiro, Perkins, John D., and Green, Martin L. Fri . "An Inter-Laboratory Study of Zn–Sn–Ti–O Thin Films using High-Throughput Experimental Methods". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscombsci.8b00158.
@article{osti_1508183,
title = {An Inter-Laboratory Study of Zn–Sn–Ti–O Thin Films using High-Throughput Experimental Methods},
author = {Hattrick-Simpers, Jason R. and Zakutayev, Andriy and Barron, Sara C. and Trautt, Zachary T. and Nguyen, Nam and Choudhary, Kamal and DeCost, Brian and Phillips, Caleb and Kusne, A. Gilad and Yi, Feng and Mehta, Apurva and Takeuchi, Ichiro and Perkins, John D. and Green, Martin L.},
abstractNote = {High-throughput experimental (HTE) techniques are an increasingly important way to accelerate the rate of materials research and development for many technological applications. However, there are very few publications on the reproducibility of the HTE results obtained across different laboratories for the same materials system, and on the associated sample and data exchange standards. Here, we report a comparative study of Zn-Sn-Ti-O thin films materials using high-throughput experimental methods at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The thin film sample libraries were synthesized by combinatorial physical vapor deposition (co-sputtering and pulsed laser deposition), and characterized by spatially-resolved techniques for composition, structure, thickness, optical and electrical properties. The results of this study indicate that all these measurement techniques performed at two different laboratories show excellent qualitative agreement. The quantitative similarities and differences vary by measurement type, with 95% confidence interval of 0.1-0.2 eV for the band gap, 24-29 nm for film thickness, and 0.08 to 0.37 orders of magnitude for sheet resistance. Overall, this work serves as a case study for the feasibility of a High-Throughput Experimental Materials Collaboratory (HTE-MC) by demonstrating the exchange of high-throughput sample libraries, workflows and data.},
doi = {10.1021/acscombsci.8b00158},
journal = {ACS Combinatorial Science},
number = 5,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1021/acscombsci.8b00158

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Cited by: 3 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Representative diffraction spectra (a) for each of the 6 clusters identified by the NIST clustering on the NIST sample and (b) for each of the 3 clusters identified by the NREL clustering on the NIST sample.

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