skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Large-scale polymeric carbon nanotube membranes with sub–1.27-nm pores

Abstract

We report the first characterization study of commercial prototype carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes consisting of sub–1.27-nm-diameter CNTs traversing a large-area nonporous polysulfone film. The membranes show rejection of NaCl and MgSO 4 at higher ionic strengths than have previously been reported in CNT membranes, and specific size selectivity for analytes with diameters below 1.24 nm. The CNTs used in the membranes were arc discharge nanotubes with inner diameters of 0.67 to 1.27 nm. Water flow through the membranes was 1000 times higher than predicted by Hagen-Poiseuille flow, in agreement with previous CNT membrane studies. Ideal gas selectivity was found to deviate significantly from that predicted by both viscous and Knudsen flow, suggesting that surface diffusion effects may begin to dominate gas selectivity at this size scale.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Mattershift, New York, NY (United States)
  2. Mattershift, New York, NY (United States); Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  3. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
  4. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1499950
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-02ER15362; DGE-1610403
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

McGinnis, Robert L., Reimund, Kevin, Ren, Jian, Xia, Lingling, Chowdhury, Maqsud R., Sun, Xuanhao, Abril, Maritza, Moon, Joshua D., Merrick, Melanie M., Park, Jaesung, Stevens, Kevin A., McCutcheon, Jeffrey R., and Freeman, Benny D. Large-scale polymeric carbon nanotube membranes with sub–1.27-nm pores. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700938.
McGinnis, Robert L., Reimund, Kevin, Ren, Jian, Xia, Lingling, Chowdhury, Maqsud R., Sun, Xuanhao, Abril, Maritza, Moon, Joshua D., Merrick, Melanie M., Park, Jaesung, Stevens, Kevin A., McCutcheon, Jeffrey R., & Freeman, Benny D. Large-scale polymeric carbon nanotube membranes with sub–1.27-nm pores. United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700938.
McGinnis, Robert L., Reimund, Kevin, Ren, Jian, Xia, Lingling, Chowdhury, Maqsud R., Sun, Xuanhao, Abril, Maritza, Moon, Joshua D., Merrick, Melanie M., Park, Jaesung, Stevens, Kevin A., McCutcheon, Jeffrey R., and Freeman, Benny D. Fri . "Large-scale polymeric carbon nanotube membranes with sub–1.27-nm pores". United States. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700938. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1499950.
@article{osti_1499950,
title = {Large-scale polymeric carbon nanotube membranes with sub–1.27-nm pores},
author = {McGinnis, Robert L. and Reimund, Kevin and Ren, Jian and Xia, Lingling and Chowdhury, Maqsud R. and Sun, Xuanhao and Abril, Maritza and Moon, Joshua D. and Merrick, Melanie M. and Park, Jaesung and Stevens, Kevin A. and McCutcheon, Jeffrey R. and Freeman, Benny D.},
abstractNote = {We report the first characterization study of commercial prototype carbon nanotube (CNT) membranes consisting of sub–1.27-nm-diameter CNTs traversing a large-area nonporous polysulfone film. The membranes show rejection of NaCl and MgSO4 at higher ionic strengths than have previously been reported in CNT membranes, and specific size selectivity for analytes with diameters below 1.24 nm. The CNTs used in the membranes were arc discharge nanotubes with inner diameters of 0.67 to 1.27 nm. Water flow through the membranes was 1000 times higher than predicted by Hagen-Poiseuille flow, in agreement with previous CNT membrane studies. Ideal gas selectivity was found to deviate significantly from that predicted by both viscous and Knudsen flow, suggesting that surface diffusion effects may begin to dominate gas selectivity at this size scale.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.1700938},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 3,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1. Fig. 1.: Images of the membranes tested in this study. (A) SEM image of the CNT membrane surface, showing CNT tips emerging from the polymer. Inset shows the membrane sample without magnification. (B) SEM image of the surface of the CNT membrane using an imaging technique that uses high voltagemore » without sputter coating to reveal the CNTs below the membrane surface. (C) TEM image of the CNT membrane in planar view, showing CNT pore openings, indicated by red circles, emerging from CNTs below the membrane surface.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Highly permeable polymeric membranes based on the incorporation of the functional water channel protein Aquaporin Z
journal, December 2007

  • Kumar, M.; Grzelakowski, M.; Zilles, J.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 104, Issue 52
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0708762104

Precise and Ultrafast Molecular Sieving Through Graphene Oxide Membranes
journal, February 2014


Scalable Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for High Flux Gas Transport
journal, September 2007

  • Kim, Sangil; Jinschek, Joerg R.; Chen, Haibin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl071414u

Gas transport and separation with ceramic membranes. Part I. Multilayer diffusion and capillary condensation
journal, February 1992


pH-Tunable Ion Selectivity in Carbon Nanotube Pores
journal, September 2010

  • Fornasiero, Francesco; In, Jung Bin; Kim, Sangil
  • Langmuir, Vol. 26, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/la101943h

Arc discharge synthesis of carbon nanotubes: Comprehensive review
journal, November 2014


Determination and mapping of diameter and helicity for single-walled carbon nanotubes using nanobeam electron diffraction
journal, June 2005


Fast Mass Transport Through Sub-2-Nanometer Carbon Nanotubes
journal, May 2006


Graphene Oxide Membranes for Ionic and Molecular Sieving
journal, February 2014


Large-area graphene-based nanofiltration membranes by shear alignment of discotic nematic liquid crystals of graphene oxide
journal, March 2016

  • Akbari, Abozar; Sheath, Phillip; Martin, Samuel T.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10891

Synthesis and characterization of graphene and carbon nanotubes: A review on the past and recent developments
journal, July 2014

  • Liu, Wei-Wen; Chai, Siang-Piao; Mohamed, Abdul Rahman
  • Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 20, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jiec.2013.08.028

Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes
journal, January 2004


Separation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by 1-Dodecanol-Mediated Size-Exclusion Chromatography
journal, April 2013

  • Flavel, Benjamin S.; Kappes, Manfred M.; Krupke, Ralph
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn4004956

Carbon nanotube membranes for water purification: A bright future in water desalination
journal, March 2014


Mass Transport through Carbon Nanotube Membranes in Three Different Regimes: Ionic Diffusion and Gas and Liquid Flow
journal, April 2011

  • Majumder, Mainak; Chopra, Nitin; Hinds, Bruce J.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn200222g

Selective Molecular Transport through Intrinsic Defects in a Single Layer of CVD Graphene
journal, October 2012

  • O’Hern, Sean C.; Stewart, Cameron A.; Boutilier, Michael S. H.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 6, Issue 11, p. 10130-10138
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn303869m

Molecular size distribution of natural organic matter in raw and drinking waters
journal, November 2001


An Integrated approach for characterization of polyamide reverse osmosis membrane degradation due to exposure to free chlorine
journal, July 2016


Fundamental water and salt transport properties of polymeric materials
journal, January 2014


Designing Carbon Nanotube Membranes for Efficient Water Desalination
journal, February 2008

  • Corry, Ben
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 112, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp709845u

Measurement of the Rate of Water Translocation through Carbon Nanotubes
journal, May 2011

  • Qin, Xingcai; Yuan, Quanzi; Zhao, Yapu
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl200843g

Water Desalination across Nanoporous Graphene
journal, June 2012

  • Cohen-Tanugi, David; Grossman, Jeffrey C.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 7, p. 3602-3608
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl3012853

Effect of crossflow testing conditions, including feed pH and continuous feed filtration, on commercial reverse osmosis membrane performance
journal, December 2009

  • Van Wagner, Elizabeth M.; Sagle, Alyson C.; Sharma, Mukul M.
  • Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 345, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2009.08.033

Carbon molecular sieve membrane performance tuning by dual temperature secondary oxygen doping (DTSOD)
journal, January 2013


Ion exclusion by sub-2-nm carbon nanotube pores
journal, June 2008

  • Fornasiero, F.; Park, H. G.; Holt, J. K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0710437105

Why Are Carbon Nanotubes Fast Transporters of Water?
journal, February 2008


Carbon Nanotube Selective Membranes with Subnanometer, Vertically Aligned Pores, and Enhanced Gas Transport Properties
journal, December 2015


Predicting gas diffusion regime within pores of different size, shape and composition
journal, July 2009


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.