skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ultrabreathable and protective membranes with sub-5 nm carbon nanotube pores

Abstract

Here, small-diameter carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are shown to enable exceptionally fast transport of water vapor under a concentration gradient driving force. Thanks to this property, membranes having sub-5 nm CNTs as conductive pores feature outstanding breathability while maintaining a high degree of protection from biothreats by size exclusion.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. U.S. Army Natick Soldier Research, Natick MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1313558
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-682263
Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 28; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; carbon nanotubes; membrane fabrics; fluid transport; breathability; protection

Citation Formats

Bui, Ngoc, Meshot, Eric R., Kim, Sangil, Pena, Jose, Gibson, Phillip W., Wu, Kuang Jen, and Fornasiero, Francesco. Ultrabreathable and protective membranes with sub-5 nm carbon nanotube pores. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201600740.
Bui, Ngoc, Meshot, Eric R., Kim, Sangil, Pena, Jose, Gibson, Phillip W., Wu, Kuang Jen, & Fornasiero, Francesco. Ultrabreathable and protective membranes with sub-5 nm carbon nanotube pores. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201600740.
Bui, Ngoc, Meshot, Eric R., Kim, Sangil, Pena, Jose, Gibson, Phillip W., Wu, Kuang Jen, and Fornasiero, Francesco. Mon . "Ultrabreathable and protective membranes with sub-5 nm carbon nanotube pores". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201600740. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1313558.
@article{osti_1313558,
title = {Ultrabreathable and protective membranes with sub-5 nm carbon nanotube pores},
author = {Bui, Ngoc and Meshot, Eric R. and Kim, Sangil and Pena, Jose and Gibson, Phillip W. and Wu, Kuang Jen and Fornasiero, Francesco},
abstractNote = {Here, small-diameter carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are shown to enable exceptionally fast transport of water vapor under a concentration gradient driving force. Thanks to this property, membranes having sub-5 nm CNTs as conductive pores feature outstanding breathability while maintaining a high degree of protection from biothreats by size exclusion.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201600740},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 28,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Mass transport through vertically aligned large diameter MWCNTs embedded in parylene
journal, October 2012


Scalable Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube/Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for High Flux Gas Transport
journal, September 2007

  • Kim, Sangil; Jinschek, Joerg R.; Chen, Haibin
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl071414u

Programmable transdermal drug delivery of nicotine using carbon nanotube membranes
journal, June 2010

  • Wu, J.; Paudel, K. S.; Strasinger, C.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1004714107

Transport properties of nitrogen in single walled carbon nanotubes
journal, February 2004

  • Sokhan, V. P.; Nicholson, D.; Quirke, N.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1643726

MATERIALS SCIENCE: Making High-Flux Membranes with Carbon Nanotubes
journal, May 2006


An Elastomeric Poly(Thiophene-EDOT) Composite with a Dynamically Variable Permeability Towards Organic and Water Vapors
journal, April 2012

  • Martin, Brett D.; Justin, Gusphyl A.; Moore, Martin H.
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201102237

pH-Tunable Ion Selectivity in Carbon Nanotube Pores
journal, September 2010

  • Fornasiero, Francesco; In, Jung Bin; Kim, Sangil
  • Langmuir, Vol. 26, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/la101943h

Enhanced flow in carbon nanotubes
journal, November 2005

  • Majumder, Mainak; Chopra, Nitin; Andrews, Rodney
  • Nature, Vol. 438, Issue 7064
  • DOI: 10.1038/438044a

Fast Mass Transport Through Sub-2-Nanometer Carbon Nanotubes
journal, May 2006


Recent Advances in Breathable Barrier Membranes for Individual Protective Equipment
journal, March 2011


Fabrication of flexible, aligned carbon nanotube/polymer composite membranes by in-situ polymerization
journal, June 2014


Electron Conductive and Proton Permeable Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Membranes
journal, March 2014

  • Pilgrim, Gregory A.; Leadbetter, Joanne W.; Qiu, Fen
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl403696y

Electrophoretically induced aqueous flow through single-walled carbon nanotube membranes
journal, January 2012


Enhanced water vapor separation by temperature-controlled aligned-multiwalled carbon nanotube membranes
journal, January 2015

  • Jeon, Wonjae; Yun, Jongju; Khan, Fakhre Alam
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5nr03319e

Molecular Simulations of Knudsen Wall-slip: Effect of Wall Morphology
journal, October 2003


Temperature-dependent gas transport performance of vertically aligned carbon nanotube/parylene composite membranes
journal, January 2014


Water and ion transport through functionalised carbon nanotubes: implications for desalination technology
journal, January 2011


Reverse capillary flow of condensed water through aligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes
journal, May 2015


Carbon nanotube enhanced membrane distillation for simultaneous generation of pure water and concentrating pharmaceutical waste
journal, April 2012


Gas transport in vertically-aligned carbon nanotube/parylene composite membranes
journal, January 2014


Membranes of Vertically Aligned Superlong Carbon Nanotubes
journal, July 2011

  • Du, Feng; Qu, Liangti; Xia, Zhenhai
  • Langmuir, Vol. 27, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/la200995r

Mass Transport through Carbon Nanotube Membranes in Three Different Regimes: Ionic Diffusion and Gas and Liquid Flow
journal, April 2011

  • Majumder, Mainak; Chopra, Nitin; Hinds, Bruce J.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn200222g

A Single-Walled-Carbon-Nanotube Filter for Removal of Viral and Bacterial Pathogens
journal, March 2008

  • Brady-Estévez, Anna S.; Kang, Seoktae; Elimelech, Menachem
  • Small, Vol. 4, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/smll.200700863

Vertically aligned carbon nanotube membranes on macroporous alumina supports
journal, November 2007


Transport Diffusion of Gases Is Rapid in Flexible Carbon Nanotubes
journal, February 2006

  • Chen, Haibin; Johnson, J. Karl; Sholl, David S.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp056911i

SWNT−MWNT Hybrid Filter Attains High Viral Removal and Bacterial Inactivation
journal, December 2010

  • Brady-Estévez, Anna S.; Schnoor, Mary H.; Kang, Seoktae
  • Langmuir, Vol. 26, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/la103776y

Giant osmotic energy conversion measured in a single transmembrane boron nitride nanotube
journal, February 2013

  • Siria, Alessandro; Poncharal, Philippe; Biance, Anne-Laure
  • Nature, Vol. 494, Issue 7438
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11876

High performance and antifouling vertically aligned carbon nanotube membrane for water purification
journal, June 2014


Water conduction through the hydrophobic channel of a carbon nanotube
journal, November 2001

  • Hummer, G.; Rasaiah, J. C.; Noworyta, J. P.
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6860
  • DOI: 10.1038/35102535

Breathable polyurethane membranes for textile and related industries
journal, January 2007

  • Lomax, George Robert
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 17, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1039/b703447b

Designing Carbon Nanotube Membranes for Efficient Water Desalination
journal, February 2008

  • Corry, Ben
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 112, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp709845u

Measurement of area density of vertically aligned carbon nanotube forests by the weight-gain method
journal, April 2013

  • Esconjauregui, Santiago; Xie, Rongsie; Fouquet, Martin
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4799417

Diffusion of chain molecules and mixtures in carbon nanotubes: The effect of host lattice flexibility and theory of diffusion in the Knudsen regime
journal, July 2007

  • Jakobtorweihen, S.; Lowe, C. P.; Keil, F. J.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 127, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2753477

Ion exclusion by sub-2-nm carbon nanotube pores
journal, June 2008

  • Fornasiero, F.; Park, H. G.; Holt, J. K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0710437105

Why Are Carbon Nanotubes Fast Transporters of Water?
journal, February 2008


Fouling and rejection behavior of carbon nanotube membranes
journal, June 2014


How fast does water flow in carbon nanotubes?
journal, March 2013

  • Kannam, Sridhar Kumar; Todd, B. D.; Hansen, J. S.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 138, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4793396

Diffusivities of Ar and Ne in Carbon Nanotubes
journal, October 2003

  • Ackerman, David M.; Skoulidas, Anastasios I.; Sholl, David S.
  • Molecular Simulation, Vol. 29, Issue 10-11
  • DOI: 10.1080/0892702031000103239

Reassessing Fast Water Transport Through Carbon Nanotubes
journal, September 2008

  • Thomas, John A.; McGaughey, Alan J. H.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 8, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl8013617

Barriers to Superfast Water Transport in Carbon Nanotube Membranes
journal, April 2013

  • Walther, Jens H.; Ritos, Konstantinos; Cruz-Chu, Eduardo R.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl304000k

The Future of Seawater Desalination: Energy, Technology, and the Environment
journal, August 2011


Chemical and Biological Protection and Detection in Fabrics for Protective Clothing
journal, August 2003

  • Schreuder-Gibson, Heidi L.; Truong, Quoc; Walker, John E.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 28, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs2003.168

Convection/diffusion test method for porous textiles
journal, May 2000

  • Gibson, Phillip; Rivin, Donald; Kendrick, Cyrus
  • International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 12, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1108/09556220010324803

Ebola Response: Modeling the Risk of Heat Stress from Personal Protective Clothing
journal, November 2015


Self-Sealing and Puncture Resistant Breathable Membranes for Water-Evaporation Applications
journal, September 2015

  • Rother, Martin; Barmettler, Jonas; Reichmuth, Andreas
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201502761

Predictions of selectivity and flux for CH4/H2 separations using single walled carbon nanotubes as membranes
journal, February 2006


A Highly Breathable Organic/Inorganic Barrier Material that Blocks the Passage of Mustard Agent Simulants
journal, May 2012

  • Hudiono, Yeny C.; Miller, A. Lee; Gibson, Phillip W.
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 51, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie202977e

Colorimetric Stimuli-Responsive Hydrogel Polymers for the Detection of Nerve Agent Surrogates
journal, October 2015


Population Growth Dynamics of Carbon Nanotubes
journal, October 2011

  • Bedewy, Mostafa; Meshot, Eric R.; Reinker, Michael J.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 5, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn203144f

Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Membranes
journal, January 2004


Analytical Diffusion Mechanism (ADiM) model combining specular, Knudsen and surface diffusion
journal, July 2015


Fast Mass Transport Through Carbon Nanotube Membranes
journal, December 2007


U.N. Taps Special Labs to Investigate Syrian Attack
journal, September 2013


Chemical protection performance of polystyrene sulfonic acid-filled polypropylene nonwoven membranes
journal, October 2010


Comparisons of diffusive and viscous contributions to transport coefficients of light gases in single-walled carbon nanotubes
journal, August 2005


Fouling Characteristics and Electrochemical Recovery of Carbon Nanotube Membranes
journal, October 2012

  • Sun, Xinghua; Wu, Ji; Chen, Zhiqiang
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201201265

Ordinary and transition regime diffusion in random fiber structures
journal, March 1993

  • Tomadakis, Manolis M.; Sotirchos, Stratis V.
  • AIChE Journal, Vol. 39, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/aic.690390304

Membranes from nanoporous 1D and 2D materials: A review of opportunities, developments, and challenges
journal, December 2013


Fluid flow in nanopores: Accurate boundary conditions for carbon nanotubes
journal, November 2002

  • Sokhan, Vladimir P.; Nicholson, David; Quirke, Nicholas
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1512643

Rapid Diffusion of CH 4 /H 2 Mixtures in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
journal, June 2004

  • Chen, Haibin; Sholl, David S.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja039462d

Synthesis of superamphiphobic breathable membranes utilizing SiO2 nanoparticles decorated fluorinated polyurethane nanofibers
journal, January 2012

  • Wang, Jialin; Raza, Aikifa; Si, Yang
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 4, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2nr32883f

Multifunctional Electrospun Fabrics via Layer-by-Layer Electrostatic Assembly for Chemical and Biological Protection
journal, February 2010

  • Chen, Liang; Bromberg, Lev; Lee, Jung Ah
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm902834a

Osmotic water transport through carbon nanotube membranes
journal, July 2003

  • Kalra, A.; Garde, S.; Hummer, G.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 100, Issue 18, p. 10175-10180
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1633354100

A review on membrane engineering for innovation in wearable fabrics and protective textiles
journal, November 2013


Molecular Origin of Fast Water Transport in Carbon Nanotube Membranes: Superlubricity versus Curvature Dependent Friction
journal, October 2010

  • Falk, Kerstin; Sedlmeier, Felix; Joly, Laurent
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl1021046

Water Desalination Using Carbon-Nanotube-Enhanced Membrane Distillation
journal, December 2010

  • Gethard, Ken; Sae-Khow, Ornthida; Mitra, Somenath
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/am100981s

Rapid Transport of Gases in Carbon Nanotubes
journal, October 2002


Water Flow in Carbon Nanotubes: Transition to Subcontinuum Transport
journal, May 2009


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Chemical warfare simulant-responsive polymer nanocomposites: Synthesis and evaluation
    journal, March 2017

    • Sha, Sheng-Chun; Zhu, Rong; Herbert, Myles B.
    • Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 55, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1002/pola.28580