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Title: Magnetohydrodynamic simulation study of plasma jets and plasma-surface contact in coaxial plasma accelerators

Abstract

Recent experiments by Loebner et al. [IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 44, 1534 (2016)] studied the effect of a hypervelocity jet emanating from a coaxial plasma accelerator incident on target surfaces in an effort to mimic the transient loading created during edge localized mode disruption events in fusion plasmas. In this study, we present a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) numerical model to simulate plasma jet formation and plasma-surface contact in this coaxial plasma accelerator experiment. The MHD system of equations is spatially discretized using a cell-centered finite volume formulation. The temporal discretization is performed using a fully implicit backward Euler scheme and the resultant stiff system of nonlinear equations is solved using the Newton method. The numerical model is employed to obtain some key insights into the physical processes responsible for the generation of extreme stagnation conditions on the target surfaces. Simulations of the plume (without the target plate) are performed to isolate and study phenomena such as the magnetic pinch effect that is responsible for launching pressure pulses into the jet free stream. The simulations also yield insights into the incipient conditions responsible for producing the pinch, such as the formation of conductive channels. The jet-target impact studies indicate the existence ofmore » two distinct stages involved in the plasma-surface interaction. A fast transient stage characterized by a thin normal shock transitions into a pseudo-steady stage that exhibits an extended oblique shock structure. A quadratic scaling of the pinch and stagnation conditions with the total current discharged between the electrodes is in qualitative agreement with the results obtained in the experiments. Finally, this also illustrates the dominant contribution of the magnetic pressure term in determining the magnitude of the quantities of interest.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1485499
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1363706; OSTI ID: 1363884
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002011
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Magnetohydrodynamics; Magnetic fields; Electrodes; Plasma temperature; Plasma jets

Citation Formats

Subramaniam, Vivek, and Raja, Laxminarayan L. Magnetohydrodynamic simulation study of plasma jets and plasma-surface contact in coaxial plasma accelerators. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4985320.
Subramaniam, Vivek, & Raja, Laxminarayan L. Magnetohydrodynamic simulation study of plasma jets and plasma-surface contact in coaxial plasma accelerators. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4985320.
Subramaniam, Vivek, and Raja, Laxminarayan L. Tue . "Magnetohydrodynamic simulation study of plasma jets and plasma-surface contact in coaxial plasma accelerators". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4985320. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1485499.
@article{osti_1485499,
title = {Magnetohydrodynamic simulation study of plasma jets and plasma-surface contact in coaxial plasma accelerators},
author = {Subramaniam, Vivek and Raja, Laxminarayan L.},
abstractNote = {Recent experiments by Loebner et al. [IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 44, 1534 (2016)] studied the effect of a hypervelocity jet emanating from a coaxial plasma accelerator incident on target surfaces in an effort to mimic the transient loading created during edge localized mode disruption events in fusion plasmas. In this study, we present a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) numerical model to simulate plasma jet formation and plasma-surface contact in this coaxial plasma accelerator experiment. The MHD system of equations is spatially discretized using a cell-centered finite volume formulation. The temporal discretization is performed using a fully implicit backward Euler scheme and the resultant stiff system of nonlinear equations is solved using the Newton method. The numerical model is employed to obtain some key insights into the physical processes responsible for the generation of extreme stagnation conditions on the target surfaces. Simulations of the plume (without the target plate) are performed to isolate and study phenomena such as the magnetic pinch effect that is responsible for launching pressure pulses into the jet free stream. The simulations also yield insights into the incipient conditions responsible for producing the pinch, such as the formation of conductive channels. The jet-target impact studies indicate the existence of two distinct stages involved in the plasma-surface interaction. A fast transient stage characterized by a thin normal shock transitions into a pseudo-steady stage that exhibits an extended oblique shock structure. A quadratic scaling of the pinch and stagnation conditions with the total current discharged between the electrodes is in qualitative agreement with the results obtained in the experiments. Finally, this also illustrates the dominant contribution of the magnetic pressure term in determining the magnitude of the quantities of interest.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4985320},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 6,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1 FIG. 1: Schematic of experiment and illustration of the simulation domain. The simulated domain (black boundary) includes all regions starting from the inlet region where the thermal plasma is formed and includes the subsequent coaxial domain and the plume region where the target material surface is placed.

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