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Title: Stability in Perovskite Photovoltaics: A Paradigm for Newfangled Technologies

Abstract

While halide perovskites embody some of the most ideal photovoltaic properties, the breakthrough into the commercial marketplace is still uncertain and high risk. The major technical hurdle that still must be overcome is durability. This Perspective lays out our view of the ultimate needs for perovskite solar cell stability research to flourish. We outline a paradigm for conceptualizing stability as a tiered system of material, cell, and module. In cell-level studies, in particular, we propose the adoption of transferrable and flexible testing protocols. We believe that the adoption of standard testing protocols could dramatically improve the translatability of insights between laboratories working in this area worldwide; however, improved protocols alone will by no means replace the need for mechanistic insight into degradation mechanisms at all levels of perovskite solar cell stability. We believe that knowledge of degradation science is what will ultimately push perovskite solar cell modules from promise to production.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Solar Energy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1466429
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1468523; OSTI ID: 1508608
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-71592
Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; SC00014664
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Energy Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2380-8195
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; perovskites; solar cells; stability

Citation Formats

Christians, Jeffrey A., Habisreutinger, Severin N., Berry, Joseph J., and Luther, Joseph M. Stability in Perovskite Photovoltaics: A Paradigm for Newfangled Technologies. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00914.
Christians, Jeffrey A., Habisreutinger, Severin N., Berry, Joseph J., & Luther, Joseph M. Stability in Perovskite Photovoltaics: A Paradigm for Newfangled Technologies. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00914
Christians, Jeffrey A., Habisreutinger, Severin N., Berry, Joseph J., and Luther, Joseph M. Fri . "Stability in Perovskite Photovoltaics: A Paradigm for Newfangled Technologies". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00914.
@article{osti_1466429,
title = {Stability in Perovskite Photovoltaics: A Paradigm for Newfangled Technologies},
author = {Christians, Jeffrey A. and Habisreutinger, Severin N. and Berry, Joseph J. and Luther, Joseph M.},
abstractNote = {While halide perovskites embody some of the most ideal photovoltaic properties, the breakthrough into the commercial marketplace is still uncertain and high risk. The major technical hurdle that still must be overcome is durability. This Perspective lays out our view of the ultimate needs for perovskite solar cell stability research to flourish. We outline a paradigm for conceptualizing stability as a tiered system of material, cell, and module. In cell-level studies, in particular, we propose the adoption of transferrable and flexible testing protocols. We believe that the adoption of standard testing protocols could dramatically improve the translatability of insights between laboratories working in this area worldwide; however, improved protocols alone will by no means replace the need for mechanistic insight into degradation mechanisms at all levels of perovskite solar cell stability. We believe that knowledge of degradation science is what will ultimately push perovskite solar cell modules from promise to production.},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00914},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = 9,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.8b00914

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 104 works
Citation information provided by
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Scheme representing the tiered nature of stability studies with studies focused on the materials at the base, operating cells built upon these foundational studies, and module-level studies at the pinnacle. The terms at the right represent key aspects of studies at each level. The figures contained in thismore » scheme are emblematic of the type of work at each level. At the material level are depicted studies by Hoke et al. (bottom left), adapted from ref 17, published by The Royal Society of Chemistry, and those by Yang et al. (bottom right), adapted with permission from ref 18, Copyright 2015 American Chemical Society. At the cell level is depicted a study by Christians et al., adapted from ref 12, with permission by Springer Nature. The photograph under the module level is of solar cell modules under an outdoor test at the NREL outdoor test facility.« less

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Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.