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Title: First transmission of electrons and ions through the KATRIN beamline

The Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is a large-scale effort to probe the absolute neutrino mass scale with a sensitivity of 0.2 eV (90% confidence level), via a precise measurement of the endpoint spectrum of tritium β-decay. This work documents several KATRIN commissioning milestones: the complete assembly of the experimental beamline, the successful transmission of electrons from three sources through the beamline to the primary detector, and tests of ion transport and retention. In the First Light commissioning campaign of autumn 2016, photoelectrons were generated at the rear wall and ions were created by a dedicated ion source attached to the rear section; in July 2017, gaseous 83mKr was injected into the KATRIN source section, and a condensed 83mKr source was deployed in the transport section. In this paper we describe the technical details of the apparatus and the configuration for each measurement, and give first results on source and system performance. In conclusion, we have successfully achieved transmission from all four sources, established system stability, and characterized many aspects of the apparatus.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; SC0011091; FG02-97ER41041; FG02-97ER41033; SC0004036; FG02-94ER40818; FG02-97ER41020
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 04; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Helmholtz Association (HGF); Ministry for Education and Research BMBF
Contributing Orgs:
The KATRIN collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Spectrometers; Beam-line instrumentation (beam position and profile monitors; beamintensity monitors; bunch length monitors); Detector control systems (detector and experiment monitoring and slow-control systems, architecture, hardware, algorithms, databases); Ion sources (positive ions, negative ions, electron cyclotron resonance (ECR), electron beam (EBIS))
OSTI Identifier:
1461138

Arenz, M., Baek, W. -J., Beck, M., Beglarian, A., Behrens, J., Bergmann, T., Berlev, A., Besserer, U., Blaum, K., Bode, T., Bornschein, B., Bornschein, L., Brunst, T., Buzinsky, N., Chilingaryan, S., Choi, W. Q., Deffert, M., Doe, P. J., Dragoun, O., Drexlin, G., Dyba, S., Edzards, F., Eitel, K., Ellinger, E., Engel, R., Enomoto, S., Erhard, M., Eversheim, D., Fedkevych, M., Fischer, S., Formaggio, J. A., Fränkle, F. M., Franklin, G. B., Friedel, F., Fulst, A., Gil, W., Glück, F., Ureña, A. Gonzalez, Grohmann, S., Grössle, R., Gumbsheimer, R., Hackenjos, M., Hannen, V., Harms, F., Haußmann, N., Heizmann, F., Helbing, K., Herz, W., Hickford, S., Hilk, D., Hillesheimer, D., Howe, M. A., Huber, A., Jansen, A., Kellerer, J., Kernert, N., Kippenbrock, L., Kleesiek, M., Klein, M., Kopmann, A., Korzeczek, M., Kovalík, A., Krasch, B., Kraus, M., Kuckert, L., Lasserre, T., Lebeda, O., Letnev, J., Lokhov, A., Machatschek, M., Marsteller, A., Martin, E. L., Mertens, S., Mirz, S., Monreal, B., Naumann, U., Neumann, H., Niemes, S., Off, A., Ortjohann, H. -W., Osipowicz, A., Otten, E., Parno, D. S., Pollithy, A., Poon, A. W. P., Priester, F., Ranitzsch, P. C. -O., Rest, O., Robertson, R. G. H., Roccati, F., Rodenbeck, C., Röllig, M., Röttele, C., Ryšavý, M., Sack, R., Saenz, A., Schimpf, L., Schlösser, K., Schlösser, M., Schönung, K., Schrank, M., Seitz-Moskaliuk, H., Sentkerestiová, J., Sibille, V., Slezák, M., Steidl, M., Steinbrink, N., Sturm, M., Suchopar, M., Suesser, M., Telle, H. H., Thorne, L. A., Thümmler, T., Titov, N., Tkachev, I., Trost, N., Valerius, K., Vénos, D., Vianden, R., Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya, Weber, M., Weinheimer, C., Weiss, C., Welte, S., Wendel, J., Wilkerson, J. F., Wolf, J., Wüstling, S., and Zadoroghny, S.. First transmission of electrons and ions through the KATRIN beamline. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/04/P04020.
Arenz, M., Baek, W. -J., Beck, M., Beglarian, A., Behrens, J., Bergmann, T., Berlev, A., Besserer, U., Blaum, K., Bode, T., Bornschein, B., Bornschein, L., Brunst, T., Buzinsky, N., Chilingaryan, S., Choi, W. Q., Deffert, M., Doe, P. J., Dragoun, O., Drexlin, G., Dyba, S., Edzards, F., Eitel, K., Ellinger, E., Engel, R., Enomoto, S., Erhard, M., Eversheim, D., Fedkevych, M., Fischer, S., Formaggio, J. A., Fränkle, F. M., Franklin, G. B., Friedel, F., Fulst, A., Gil, W., Glück, F., Ureña, A. Gonzalez, Grohmann, S., Grössle, R., Gumbsheimer, R., Hackenjos, M., Hannen, V., Harms, F., Haußmann, N., Heizmann, F., Helbing, K., Herz, W., Hickford, S., Hilk, D., Hillesheimer, D., Howe, M. A., Huber, A., Jansen, A., Kellerer, J., Kernert, N., Kippenbrock, L., Kleesiek, M., Klein, M., Kopmann, A., Korzeczek, M., Kovalík, A., Krasch, B., Kraus, M., Kuckert, L., Lasserre, T., Lebeda, O., Letnev, J., Lokhov, A., Machatschek, M., Marsteller, A., Martin, E. L., Mertens, S., Mirz, S., Monreal, B., Naumann, U., Neumann, H., Niemes, S., Off, A., Ortjohann, H. -W., Osipowicz, A., Otten, E., Parno, D. S., Pollithy, A., Poon, A. W. P., Priester, F., Ranitzsch, P. C. -O., Rest, O., Robertson, R. G. H., Roccati, F., Rodenbeck, C., Röllig, M., Röttele, C., Ryšavý, M., Sack, R., Saenz, A., Schimpf, L., Schlösser, K., Schlösser, M., Schönung, K., Schrank, M., Seitz-Moskaliuk, H., Sentkerestiová, J., Sibille, V., Slezák, M., Steidl, M., Steinbrink, N., Sturm, M., Suchopar, M., Suesser, M., Telle, H. H., Thorne, L. A., Thümmler, T., Titov, N., Tkachev, I., Trost, N., Valerius, K., Vénos, D., Vianden, R., Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya, Weber, M., Weinheimer, C., Weiss, C., Welte, S., Wendel, J., Wilkerson, J. F., Wolf, J., Wüstling, S., & Zadoroghny, S.. First transmission of electrons and ions through the KATRIN beamline. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/04/P04020.
Arenz, M., Baek, W. -J., Beck, M., Beglarian, A., Behrens, J., Bergmann, T., Berlev, A., Besserer, U., Blaum, K., Bode, T., Bornschein, B., Bornschein, L., Brunst, T., Buzinsky, N., Chilingaryan, S., Choi, W. Q., Deffert, M., Doe, P. J., Dragoun, O., Drexlin, G., Dyba, S., Edzards, F., Eitel, K., Ellinger, E., Engel, R., Enomoto, S., Erhard, M., Eversheim, D., Fedkevych, M., Fischer, S., Formaggio, J. A., Fränkle, F. M., Franklin, G. B., Friedel, F., Fulst, A., Gil, W., Glück, F., Ureña, A. Gonzalez, Grohmann, S., Grössle, R., Gumbsheimer, R., Hackenjos, M., Hannen, V., Harms, F., Haußmann, N., Heizmann, F., Helbing, K., Herz, W., Hickford, S., Hilk, D., Hillesheimer, D., Howe, M. A., Huber, A., Jansen, A., Kellerer, J., Kernert, N., Kippenbrock, L., Kleesiek, M., Klein, M., Kopmann, A., Korzeczek, M., Kovalík, A., Krasch, B., Kraus, M., Kuckert, L., Lasserre, T., Lebeda, O., Letnev, J., Lokhov, A., Machatschek, M., Marsteller, A., Martin, E. L., Mertens, S., Mirz, S., Monreal, B., Naumann, U., Neumann, H., Niemes, S., Off, A., Ortjohann, H. -W., Osipowicz, A., Otten, E., Parno, D. S., Pollithy, A., Poon, A. W. P., Priester, F., Ranitzsch, P. C. -O., Rest, O., Robertson, R. G. H., Roccati, F., Rodenbeck, C., Röllig, M., Röttele, C., Ryšavý, M., Sack, R., Saenz, A., Schimpf, L., Schlösser, K., Schlösser, M., Schönung, K., Schrank, M., Seitz-Moskaliuk, H., Sentkerestiová, J., Sibille, V., Slezák, M., Steidl, M., Steinbrink, N., Sturm, M., Suchopar, M., Suesser, M., Telle, H. H., Thorne, L. A., Thümmler, T., Titov, N., Tkachev, I., Trost, N., Valerius, K., Vénos, D., Vianden, R., Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya, Weber, M., Weinheimer, C., Weiss, C., Welte, S., Wendel, J., Wilkerson, J. F., Wolf, J., Wüstling, S., and Zadoroghny, S.. 2018. "First transmission of electrons and ions through the KATRIN beamline". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/04/P04020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1461138.
@article{osti_1461138,
title = {First transmission of electrons and ions through the KATRIN beamline},
author = {Arenz, M. and Baek, W. -J. and Beck, M. and Beglarian, A. and Behrens, J. and Bergmann, T. and Berlev, A. and Besserer, U. and Blaum, K. and Bode, T. and Bornschein, B. and Bornschein, L. and Brunst, T. and Buzinsky, N. and Chilingaryan, S. and Choi, W. Q. and Deffert, M. and Doe, P. J. and Dragoun, O. and Drexlin, G. and Dyba, S. and Edzards, F. and Eitel, K. and Ellinger, E. and Engel, R. and Enomoto, S. and Erhard, M. and Eversheim, D. and Fedkevych, M. and Fischer, S. and Formaggio, J. A. and Fränkle, F. M. and Franklin, G. B. and Friedel, F. and Fulst, A. and Gil, W. and Glück, F. and Ureña, A. Gonzalez and Grohmann, S. and Grössle, R. and Gumbsheimer, R. and Hackenjos, M. and Hannen, V. and Harms, F. and Haußmann, N. and Heizmann, F. and Helbing, K. and Herz, W. and Hickford, S. and Hilk, D. and Hillesheimer, D. and Howe, M. A. and Huber, A. and Jansen, A. and Kellerer, J. and Kernert, N. and Kippenbrock, L. and Kleesiek, M. and Klein, M. and Kopmann, A. and Korzeczek, M. and Kovalík, A. and Krasch, B. and Kraus, M. and Kuckert, L. and Lasserre, T. and Lebeda, O. and Letnev, J. and Lokhov, A. and Machatschek, M. and Marsteller, A. and Martin, E. L. and Mertens, S. and Mirz, S. and Monreal, B. and Naumann, U. and Neumann, H. and Niemes, S. and Off, A. and Ortjohann, H. -W. and Osipowicz, A. and Otten, E. and Parno, D. S. and Pollithy, A. and Poon, A. W. P. and Priester, F. and Ranitzsch, P. C. -O. and Rest, O. and Robertson, R. G. H. and Roccati, F. and Rodenbeck, C. and Röllig, M. and Röttele, C. and Ryšavý, M. and Sack, R. and Saenz, A. and Schimpf, L. and Schlösser, K. and Schlösser, M. and Schönung, K. and Schrank, M. and Seitz-Moskaliuk, H. and Sentkerestiová, J. and Sibille, V. and Slezák, M. and Steidl, M. and Steinbrink, N. and Sturm, M. and Suchopar, M. and Suesser, M. and Telle, H. H. and Thorne, L. A. and Thümmler, T. and Titov, N. and Tkachev, I. and Trost, N. and Valerius, K. and Vénos, D. and Vianden, R. and Hernández, A. P. Vizcaya and Weber, M. and Weinheimer, C. and Weiss, C. and Welte, S. and Wendel, J. and Wilkerson, J. F. and Wolf, J. and Wüstling, S. and Zadoroghny, S.},
abstractNote = {The Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is a large-scale effort to probe the absolute neutrino mass scale with a sensitivity of 0.2 eV (90% confidence level), via a precise measurement of the endpoint spectrum of tritium β-decay. This work documents several KATRIN commissioning milestones: the complete assembly of the experimental beamline, the successful transmission of electrons from three sources through the beamline to the primary detector, and tests of ion transport and retention. In the First Light commissioning campaign of autumn 2016, photoelectrons were generated at the rear wall and ions were created by a dedicated ion source attached to the rear section; in July 2017, gaseous 83mKr was injected into the KATRIN source section, and a condensed 83mKr source was deployed in the transport section. In this paper we describe the technical details of the apparatus and the configuration for each measurement, and give first results on source and system performance. In conclusion, we have successfully achieved transmission from all four sources, established system stability, and characterized many aspects of the apparatus.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/13/04/P04020},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 04,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}