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Title: First operation of the KATRIN experiment with tritium

Abstract

The determination of the neutrino mass is one of the major challenges in astroparticle physics today. Direct neutrino mass experiments, based solely on the kinematics of beta-decay, provide a largely model-independent probe to the neutrino mass scale. The Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is designed to directly measure the effective electron antineutrino mass with a sensitivity of 0.2 eV 90% CL. In this work we report on the first operation of KATRIN with tritium which took place in 2018. During this commissioning phase of the tritium circulation system, excellent agreement of the theoretical prediction with the recorded spectra was found and stable conditions over a time period of 13 days could be established. These results are an essential prerequisite for the subsequent neutrino mass measurements with KATRIN in 2019.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF); Helmholtz Alliance for Astroparticle Physics (HAP); Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG; Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport in the Czech Republic; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1619360
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1631635; OSTI ID: 1658867; OSTI ID: 1658947
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; FG02-94ER40818; FG02-97ER41020; FG02-97ER41033; FG02-97ER41041; SC0004036; SC0011091; SC0019304; FG02-97ER41033, FG02-97ER41041
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields Journal Volume: 80 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
Germany
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Electric fields; Thin films; Piezoelectrics; Membranes; Polarization

Citation Formats

Aker, Max, Altenmüller, Konrad, Arenz, Marius, Baek, Woo-Jeong, Barrett, John, Beglarian, Armen, Behrens, Jan, Berlev, Anatoly, Besserer, Uwe, Blaum, Klaus, Block, Fabian, Bobien, Steffen, Bornschein, Beate, Bornschein, Lutz, Bouquet, Heiko, Brunst, Tim, Caldwell, Thomas S., Chilingaryan, Suren, Choi, Wonqook, Debowski, Karol, Deffert, Marco, Descher, Martin, Díaz Barrero, Deseada, Doe, Peter J., Dragoun, Otokar, Drexlin, Guido, Dyba, Stephan, Edzards, Frank, Eitel, Klaus, Ellinger, Enrico, Engel, Ralph, Enomoto, Sanshiro, Eversheim, Dieter, Fedkevych, Mariia, Felden, Arne, Formaggio, Joseph A., Fränkle, Florian M., Franklin, Gregg B., Frankrone, Heinz, Friedel, Fabian, Fuchs, Dominik, Fulst, Alexander, Gauda, Kevin, Gil, Woosik, Glück, Ferenc, Grohmann, Steffen, Grössle, Robin, Gumbsheimer, Rainer, Hackenjos, Moritz, Hannen, Volker, Hartmann, Julius, Haußmann, Norman, Ha-Minh, Martin, Heizmann, Florian, Heizmann, Johannes, Helbing, Klaus, Hickford, Stephanie, Hillesheimer, David, Hinz, Dominic, Höhn, Thomas, Holzapfel, Bernhard, Holzmann, Siegfried, Houdy, Thibaut, Howe, Mark A., Huber, Anton, Jansen, Alexander, Karl, Christian, Kellerer, Jonas, Kernert, Norbert, Kippenbrock, Luke, Klein, Manuel, Köhler, Christoph, Köllenberger, Leonard, Kopmann, Andreas, Korzeczek, Marc, Kovalík, Alojz, Krasch, Bennet, Krause, Holger, Kuffner, Benedikt, Kunka, Norbert, Lasserre, Thierry, La Cascio, Luisa, Lebeda, Ondřej, Lebert, Manuel, Lehnert, Björn, Letnev, Johann, Leven, Fabian, Le, Thanh-Long, Lichter, Steffen, Lokhov, Alexey, Machatschek, Moritz, Malcherek, Emma, Mark, Martin, Marsteller, Alexander, Martin, Eric L., Megas, Fotios, Melzer, Christin, Menshikov, Alexander, Mertens, Susanne, Meier, Matthias, Mirz, Sebastian, Monreal, Benjamin, Morales Guzmán, Pablo I., Müller, Klaus, Naumann, Uwe, Neumann, Holger, Niemes, Simon, Noe, Mathias, Off, Andreas, Ortjohann, Hans-Werner, Osipowicz, Alexander, Otten, Ernst, Parno, Diana S., Pollithy, Anna, Poon, Alan W. P., Lopez Poyato, J. Manuel, Priester, Florian, Ranitzsch, Philipp C. -O., Rest, Oliver, Rinderspacher, Rolf, Robertson, R. G. Hamish, Rodenbeck, Caroline, Rohr, Petra, Röllig, Marco, Röttele, Carsten, Ryšavý, Miloš, Sack, Rudolf, Saenz, Alejandro, Schäfer, Peter, Schimpf, Lutz, Schlösser, Klaus, Schlösser, Magnus, Schlüter, Lisa, Schrank, Michael, Schulz, Bruno, Seitz-Moskaliuk, Hendrik, Seller, Waldemar, Sibille, Valérian, Siegmann, Daniel, Slezák, Martin, Spanier, Felix, Steidl, Markus, Steven, Madlen, Sturm, Michael, Suesser, Manfred, Sun, Menglei, Tcherniakhovski, Denis, Telle, Helmut H., Thorne, Larisa A., Thümmler, Thomas, Titov, Nikita, Tkachev, Igor, Trost, Nikolaus, Urban, Korbinian, Valerius, Kathrin, Vénos, Drahoslav, Vianden, Reiner, Vizcaya Hernández, Ana P., Weber, Marc, Weinheimer, Christian, Weiss, Christiane, Welte, Stefan, Wendel, Jürgen, Wilkerson, John F., Wolf, Joachim, Wüstling, Sascha, Xu, Weiran, Yen, Yung-Ruey, Zadorozhny, Sergey, and Zeller, Genrich. First operation of the KATRIN experiment with tritium. Germany: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7718-z.
Aker, Max, Altenmüller, Konrad, Arenz, Marius, Baek, Woo-Jeong, Barrett, John, Beglarian, Armen, Behrens, Jan, Berlev, Anatoly, Besserer, Uwe, Blaum, Klaus, Block, Fabian, Bobien, Steffen, Bornschein, Beate, Bornschein, Lutz, Bouquet, Heiko, Brunst, Tim, Caldwell, Thomas S., Chilingaryan, Suren, Choi, Wonqook, Debowski, Karol, Deffert, Marco, Descher, Martin, Díaz Barrero, Deseada, Doe, Peter J., Dragoun, Otokar, Drexlin, Guido, Dyba, Stephan, Edzards, Frank, Eitel, Klaus, Ellinger, Enrico, Engel, Ralph, Enomoto, Sanshiro, Eversheim, Dieter, Fedkevych, Mariia, Felden, Arne, Formaggio, Joseph A., Fränkle, Florian M., Franklin, Gregg B., Frankrone, Heinz, Friedel, Fabian, Fuchs, Dominik, Fulst, Alexander, Gauda, Kevin, Gil, Woosik, Glück, Ferenc, Grohmann, Steffen, Grössle, Robin, Gumbsheimer, Rainer, Hackenjos, Moritz, Hannen, Volker, Hartmann, Julius, Haußmann, Norman, Ha-Minh, Martin, Heizmann, Florian, Heizmann, Johannes, Helbing, Klaus, Hickford, Stephanie, Hillesheimer, David, Hinz, Dominic, Höhn, Thomas, Holzapfel, Bernhard, Holzmann, Siegfried, Houdy, Thibaut, Howe, Mark A., Huber, Anton, Jansen, Alexander, Karl, Christian, Kellerer, Jonas, Kernert, Norbert, Kippenbrock, Luke, Klein, Manuel, Köhler, Christoph, Köllenberger, Leonard, Kopmann, Andreas, Korzeczek, Marc, Kovalík, Alojz, Krasch, Bennet, Krause, Holger, Kuffner, Benedikt, Kunka, Norbert, Lasserre, Thierry, La Cascio, Luisa, Lebeda, Ondřej, Lebert, Manuel, Lehnert, Björn, Letnev, Johann, Leven, Fabian, Le, Thanh-Long, Lichter, Steffen, Lokhov, Alexey, Machatschek, Moritz, Malcherek, Emma, Mark, Martin, Marsteller, Alexander, Martin, Eric L., Megas, Fotios, Melzer, Christin, Menshikov, Alexander, Mertens, Susanne, Meier, Matthias, Mirz, Sebastian, Monreal, Benjamin, Morales Guzmán, Pablo I., Müller, Klaus, Naumann, Uwe, Neumann, Holger, Niemes, Simon, Noe, Mathias, Off, Andreas, Ortjohann, Hans-Werner, Osipowicz, Alexander, Otten, Ernst, Parno, Diana S., Pollithy, Anna, Poon, Alan W. P., Lopez Poyato, J. Manuel, Priester, Florian, Ranitzsch, Philipp C. -O., Rest, Oliver, Rinderspacher, Rolf, Robertson, R. G. Hamish, Rodenbeck, Caroline, Rohr, Petra, Röllig, Marco, Röttele, Carsten, Ryšavý, Miloš, Sack, Rudolf, Saenz, Alejandro, Schäfer, Peter, Schimpf, Lutz, Schlösser, Klaus, Schlösser, Magnus, Schlüter, Lisa, Schrank, Michael, Schulz, Bruno, Seitz-Moskaliuk, Hendrik, Seller, Waldemar, Sibille, Valérian, Siegmann, Daniel, Slezák, Martin, Spanier, Felix, Steidl, Markus, Steven, Madlen, Sturm, Michael, Suesser, Manfred, Sun, Menglei, Tcherniakhovski, Denis, Telle, Helmut H., Thorne, Larisa A., Thümmler, Thomas, Titov, Nikita, Tkachev, Igor, Trost, Nikolaus, Urban, Korbinian, Valerius, Kathrin, Vénos, Drahoslav, Vianden, Reiner, Vizcaya Hernández, Ana P., Weber, Marc, Weinheimer, Christian, Weiss, Christiane, Welte, Stefan, Wendel, Jürgen, Wilkerson, John F., Wolf, Joachim, Wüstling, Sascha, Xu, Weiran, Yen, Yung-Ruey, Zadorozhny, Sergey, & Zeller, Genrich. First operation of the KATRIN experiment with tritium. Germany. doi:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7718-z
Aker, Max, Altenmüller, Konrad, Arenz, Marius, Baek, Woo-Jeong, Barrett, John, Beglarian, Armen, Behrens, Jan, Berlev, Anatoly, Besserer, Uwe, Blaum, Klaus, Block, Fabian, Bobien, Steffen, Bornschein, Beate, Bornschein, Lutz, Bouquet, Heiko, Brunst, Tim, Caldwell, Thomas S., Chilingaryan, Suren, Choi, Wonqook, Debowski, Karol, Deffert, Marco, Descher, Martin, Díaz Barrero, Deseada, Doe, Peter J., Dragoun, Otokar, Drexlin, Guido, Dyba, Stephan, Edzards, Frank, Eitel, Klaus, Ellinger, Enrico, Engel, Ralph, Enomoto, Sanshiro, Eversheim, Dieter, Fedkevych, Mariia, Felden, Arne, Formaggio, Joseph A., Fränkle, Florian M., Franklin, Gregg B., Frankrone, Heinz, Friedel, Fabian, Fuchs, Dominik, Fulst, Alexander, Gauda, Kevin, Gil, Woosik, Glück, Ferenc, Grohmann, Steffen, Grössle, Robin, Gumbsheimer, Rainer, Hackenjos, Moritz, Hannen, Volker, Hartmann, Julius, Haußmann, Norman, Ha-Minh, Martin, Heizmann, Florian, Heizmann, Johannes, Helbing, Klaus, Hickford, Stephanie, Hillesheimer, David, Hinz, Dominic, Höhn, Thomas, Holzapfel, Bernhard, Holzmann, Siegfried, Houdy, Thibaut, Howe, Mark A., Huber, Anton, Jansen, Alexander, Karl, Christian, Kellerer, Jonas, Kernert, Norbert, Kippenbrock, Luke, Klein, Manuel, Köhler, Christoph, Köllenberger, Leonard, Kopmann, Andreas, Korzeczek, Marc, Kovalík, Alojz, Krasch, Bennet, Krause, Holger, Kuffner, Benedikt, Kunka, Norbert, Lasserre, Thierry, La Cascio, Luisa, Lebeda, Ondřej, Lebert, Manuel, Lehnert, Björn, Letnev, Johann, Leven, Fabian, Le, Thanh-Long, Lichter, Steffen, Lokhov, Alexey, Machatschek, Moritz, Malcherek, Emma, Mark, Martin, Marsteller, Alexander, Martin, Eric L., Megas, Fotios, Melzer, Christin, Menshikov, Alexander, Mertens, Susanne, Meier, Matthias, Mirz, Sebastian, Monreal, Benjamin, Morales Guzmán, Pablo I., Müller, Klaus, Naumann, Uwe, Neumann, Holger, Niemes, Simon, Noe, Mathias, Off, Andreas, Ortjohann, Hans-Werner, Osipowicz, Alexander, Otten, Ernst, Parno, Diana S., Pollithy, Anna, Poon, Alan W. P., Lopez Poyato, J. Manuel, Priester, Florian, Ranitzsch, Philipp C. -O., Rest, Oliver, Rinderspacher, Rolf, Robertson, R. G. Hamish, Rodenbeck, Caroline, Rohr, Petra, Röllig, Marco, Röttele, Carsten, Ryšavý, Miloš, Sack, Rudolf, Saenz, Alejandro, Schäfer, Peter, Schimpf, Lutz, Schlösser, Klaus, Schlösser, Magnus, Schlüter, Lisa, Schrank, Michael, Schulz, Bruno, Seitz-Moskaliuk, Hendrik, Seller, Waldemar, Sibille, Valérian, Siegmann, Daniel, Slezák, Martin, Spanier, Felix, Steidl, Markus, Steven, Madlen, Sturm, Michael, Suesser, Manfred, Sun, Menglei, Tcherniakhovski, Denis, Telle, Helmut H., Thorne, Larisa A., Thümmler, Thomas, Titov, Nikita, Tkachev, Igor, Trost, Nikolaus, Urban, Korbinian, Valerius, Kathrin, Vénos, Drahoslav, Vianden, Reiner, Vizcaya Hernández, Ana P., Weber, Marc, Weinheimer, Christian, Weiss, Christiane, Welte, Stefan, Wendel, Jürgen, Wilkerson, John F., Wolf, Joachim, Wüstling, Sascha, Xu, Weiran, Yen, Yung-Ruey, Zadorozhny, Sergey, and Zeller, Genrich. Mon . "First operation of the KATRIN experiment with tritium". Germany. doi:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7718-z.
@article{osti_1619360,
title = {First operation of the KATRIN experiment with tritium},
author = {Aker, Max and Altenmüller, Konrad and Arenz, Marius and Baek, Woo-Jeong and Barrett, John and Beglarian, Armen and Behrens, Jan and Berlev, Anatoly and Besserer, Uwe and Blaum, Klaus and Block, Fabian and Bobien, Steffen and Bornschein, Beate and Bornschein, Lutz and Bouquet, Heiko and Brunst, Tim and Caldwell, Thomas S. and Chilingaryan, Suren and Choi, Wonqook and Debowski, Karol and Deffert, Marco and Descher, Martin and Díaz Barrero, Deseada and Doe, Peter J. and Dragoun, Otokar and Drexlin, Guido and Dyba, Stephan and Edzards, Frank and Eitel, Klaus and Ellinger, Enrico and Engel, Ralph and Enomoto, Sanshiro and Eversheim, Dieter and Fedkevych, Mariia and Felden, Arne and Formaggio, Joseph A. and Fränkle, Florian M. and Franklin, Gregg B. and Frankrone, Heinz and Friedel, Fabian and Fuchs, Dominik and Fulst, Alexander and Gauda, Kevin and Gil, Woosik and Glück, Ferenc and Grohmann, Steffen and Grössle, Robin and Gumbsheimer, Rainer and Hackenjos, Moritz and Hannen, Volker and Hartmann, Julius and Haußmann, Norman and Ha-Minh, Martin and Heizmann, Florian and Heizmann, Johannes and Helbing, Klaus and Hickford, Stephanie and Hillesheimer, David and Hinz, Dominic and Höhn, Thomas and Holzapfel, Bernhard and Holzmann, Siegfried and Houdy, Thibaut and Howe, Mark A. and Huber, Anton and Jansen, Alexander and Karl, Christian and Kellerer, Jonas and Kernert, Norbert and Kippenbrock, Luke and Klein, Manuel and Köhler, Christoph and Köllenberger, Leonard and Kopmann, Andreas and Korzeczek, Marc and Kovalík, Alojz and Krasch, Bennet and Krause, Holger and Kuffner, Benedikt and Kunka, Norbert and Lasserre, Thierry and La Cascio, Luisa and Lebeda, Ondřej and Lebert, Manuel and Lehnert, Björn and Letnev, Johann and Leven, Fabian and Le, Thanh-Long and Lichter, Steffen and Lokhov, Alexey and Machatschek, Moritz and Malcherek, Emma and Mark, Martin and Marsteller, Alexander and Martin, Eric L. and Megas, Fotios and Melzer, Christin and Menshikov, Alexander and Mertens, Susanne and Meier, Matthias and Mirz, Sebastian and Monreal, Benjamin and Morales Guzmán, Pablo I. and Müller, Klaus and Naumann, Uwe and Neumann, Holger and Niemes, Simon and Noe, Mathias and Off, Andreas and Ortjohann, Hans-Werner and Osipowicz, Alexander and Otten, Ernst and Parno, Diana S. and Pollithy, Anna and Poon, Alan W. P. and Lopez Poyato, J. Manuel and Priester, Florian and Ranitzsch, Philipp C. -O. and Rest, Oliver and Rinderspacher, Rolf and Robertson, R. G. Hamish and Rodenbeck, Caroline and Rohr, Petra and Röllig, Marco and Röttele, Carsten and Ryšavý, Miloš and Sack, Rudolf and Saenz, Alejandro and Schäfer, Peter and Schimpf, Lutz and Schlösser, Klaus and Schlösser, Magnus and Schlüter, Lisa and Schrank, Michael and Schulz, Bruno and Seitz-Moskaliuk, Hendrik and Seller, Waldemar and Sibille, Valérian and Siegmann, Daniel and Slezák, Martin and Spanier, Felix and Steidl, Markus and Steven, Madlen and Sturm, Michael and Suesser, Manfred and Sun, Menglei and Tcherniakhovski, Denis and Telle, Helmut H. and Thorne, Larisa A. and Thümmler, Thomas and Titov, Nikita and Tkachev, Igor and Trost, Nikolaus and Urban, Korbinian and Valerius, Kathrin and Vénos, Drahoslav and Vianden, Reiner and Vizcaya Hernández, Ana P. and Weber, Marc and Weinheimer, Christian and Weiss, Christiane and Welte, Stefan and Wendel, Jürgen and Wilkerson, John F. and Wolf, Joachim and Wüstling, Sascha and Xu, Weiran and Yen, Yung-Ruey and Zadorozhny, Sergey and Zeller, Genrich},
abstractNote = {The determination of the neutrino mass is one of the major challenges in astroparticle physics today. Direct neutrino mass experiments, based solely on the kinematics of beta-decay, provide a largely model-independent probe to the neutrino mass scale. The Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is designed to directly measure the effective electron antineutrino mass with a sensitivity of 0.2 eV 90% CL. In this work we report on the first operation of KATRIN with tritium which took place in 2018. During this commissioning phase of the tritium circulation system, excellent agreement of the theoretical prediction with the recorded spectra was found and stable conditions over a time period of 13 days could be established. These results are an essential prerequisite for the subsequent neutrino mass measurements with KATRIN in 2019.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7718-z},
journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
number = 3,
volume = 80,
place = {Germany},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7718-z

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