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Title: Effect of Electrolyte on High Sulfur Loading Li-S Batteries

Abstract

Practical lithium-sulfur batteries require high sulfur electrode loading and lean electrolyte designs, which entail more research efforts on the two cell-design parameters - sulfur loading and electrolyte/sulfur loading ratio (E/S). In this work, a systematic investigation is performed to understand the impact of these two variables over key Li-S cell performance parameters. It is demonstrated that Li-S cells’ power performance strongly depends on the E/S ratio, while both E/S ratio and sulfur loading significantly influence the cycle life of Li-S cells. Low E/S ratio and high sulfur loading both give rise to fast lithium anode corrosion, which induces fast capacity fade and Coulombic efficiency decay. Pre-passivation of the lithium anode with an ionic conductor Li3PO4 protection layer only improves the Coulombic efficiency retention at sulfur loading levels much lower than the practical threshold. Meanwhile, increasing the concentration of LiNO3 additive in the electrolyte is found effective in sustaining the cycling capacity and the Coulombic efficiency over a reasonable usage window (~200 cycles). In conclusion, the role of LiNO3 is the protection of lithium anode during cycling.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
  3. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  4. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  5. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1460834
Report Number(s):
BNL-207854-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 165; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Sun, Ke, Matarasso, Avi K., Epler, Ruby M., Tong, Xiao, Su, Dong, Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., and Gan, Hong. Effect of Electrolyte on High Sulfur Loading Li-S Batteries. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0071803jes.
Sun, Ke, Matarasso, Avi K., Epler, Ruby M., Tong, Xiao, Su, Dong, Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., & Gan, Hong. Effect of Electrolyte on High Sulfur Loading Li-S Batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0071803jes
Sun, Ke, Matarasso, Avi K., Epler, Ruby M., Tong, Xiao, Su, Dong, Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., and Gan, Hong. Tue . "Effect of Electrolyte on High Sulfur Loading Li-S Batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0071803jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460834.
@article{osti_1460834,
title = {Effect of Electrolyte on High Sulfur Loading Li-S Batteries},
author = {Sun, Ke and Matarasso, Avi K. and Epler, Ruby M. and Tong, Xiao and Su, Dong and Marschilok, Amy C. and Takeuchi, Kenneth J. and Takeuchi, Esther S. and Gan, Hong},
abstractNote = {Practical lithium-sulfur batteries require high sulfur electrode loading and lean electrolyte designs, which entail more research efforts on the two cell-design parameters - sulfur loading and electrolyte/sulfur loading ratio (E/S). In this work, a systematic investigation is performed to understand the impact of these two variables over key Li-S cell performance parameters. It is demonstrated that Li-S cells’ power performance strongly depends on the E/S ratio, while both E/S ratio and sulfur loading significantly influence the cycle life of Li-S cells. Low E/S ratio and high sulfur loading both give rise to fast lithium anode corrosion, which induces fast capacity fade and Coulombic efficiency decay. Pre-passivation of the lithium anode with an ionic conductor Li3PO4 protection layer only improves the Coulombic efficiency retention at sulfur loading levels much lower than the practical threshold. Meanwhile, increasing the concentration of LiNO3 additive in the electrolyte is found effective in sustaining the cycling capacity and the Coulombic efficiency over a reasonable usage window (~200 cycles). In conclusion, the role of LiNO3 is the protection of lithium anode during cycling.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0071803jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 165,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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