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Title: Investigation of the role of pedestal pressure and collisionality on type-I ELM divertor heat loads in DIII-D

Here, a non-dimensional collisionality scan conducted on DIII-D confirms a model for ELM energy densities recently put forward by Eich [1], but also reveals key effects that may explain the large scatter typically observed about the scaling. Electron Cyclotron Heating (ECH) close to the plasma edge was used to raise electron temperatures at the pedestal top and lower collisionality to ITER level, while the power of Neutral Beam Injection (NBI) was decreased during discharges to operate closer to the L-H transition threshold. The scan reveals no explicit pedestal pressure dependence of the ELM energy densities. While collisionality does not play a decisive role, the ratio of heating power to the power over the L-H-threshold is identified as parameter determining the agreement with the model, with discharges marginally above the threshold showing the largest scatter in the database and exceeding the predicted ELM energy up to twofold. Operation close to the L-H-threshold is accompanied by low ELM frequency and large 2 ELM heat loads. Using linear stability calculations, ELM energy densities are shown to be inversely proportional to the most unstable linear mode number before the ELM crash. There are indications that the scatter in the data when compared with themore » Eich model prediction is caused by including only a limited set out of all quantities in the model that are considered by linear stability analysis. While further ELM studies near the LH threshold are of great priority, the overall agreement of DIII-D with the Eich model recommends its use in extrapolations towards ITER.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [6] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Max Planck Inst. for Plasma Physics, Garching (Germany)
  4. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
  6. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-04ER54698; FG02-07ER54917; FG02-05ER54809
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Research Org:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States). DIII-D National Fusion Facility (DIII-D); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1460098

Knolker, M., Bortolon, A., Canal, G. P., Evans, T. E., Zohm, H., Abrams, T., Buttery, R. J., Davis, E. M., Groebner, R. J., Hollmann, E., Fenstermacher, M. E., Lasnier, C., Leonard, A. W., Moyer, R. A., Nazikian, R., Osborne, T. H., Paz-Soldan, C., and Sieglin, B.. Investigation of the role of pedestal pressure and collisionality on type-I ELM divertor heat loads in DIII-D. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aace92.
Knolker, M., Bortolon, A., Canal, G. P., Evans, T. E., Zohm, H., Abrams, T., Buttery, R. J., Davis, E. M., Groebner, R. J., Hollmann, E., Fenstermacher, M. E., Lasnier, C., Leonard, A. W., Moyer, R. A., Nazikian, R., Osborne, T. H., Paz-Soldan, C., & Sieglin, B.. Investigation of the role of pedestal pressure and collisionality on type-I ELM divertor heat loads in DIII-D. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aace92.
Knolker, M., Bortolon, A., Canal, G. P., Evans, T. E., Zohm, H., Abrams, T., Buttery, R. J., Davis, E. M., Groebner, R. J., Hollmann, E., Fenstermacher, M. E., Lasnier, C., Leonard, A. W., Moyer, R. A., Nazikian, R., Osborne, T. H., Paz-Soldan, C., and Sieglin, B.. 2018. "Investigation of the role of pedestal pressure and collisionality on type-I ELM divertor heat loads in DIII-D". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aace92.
@article{osti_1460098,
title = {Investigation of the role of pedestal pressure and collisionality on type-I ELM divertor heat loads in DIII-D},
author = {Knolker, M. and Bortolon, A. and Canal, G. P. and Evans, T. E. and Zohm, H. and Abrams, T. and Buttery, R. J. and Davis, E. M. and Groebner, R. J. and Hollmann, E. and Fenstermacher, M. E. and Lasnier, C. and Leonard, A. W. and Moyer, R. A. and Nazikian, R. and Osborne, T. H. and Paz-Soldan, C. and Sieglin, B.},
abstractNote = {Here, a non-dimensional collisionality scan conducted on DIII-D confirms a model for ELM energy densities recently put forward by Eich [1], but also reveals key effects that may explain the large scatter typically observed about the scaling. Electron Cyclotron Heating (ECH) close to the plasma edge was used to raise electron temperatures at the pedestal top and lower collisionality to ITER level, while the power of Neutral Beam Injection (NBI) was decreased during discharges to operate closer to the L-H transition threshold. The scan reveals no explicit pedestal pressure dependence of the ELM energy densities. While collisionality does not play a decisive role, the ratio of heating power to the power over the L-H-threshold is identified as parameter determining the agreement with the model, with discharges marginally above the threshold showing the largest scatter in the database and exceeding the predicted ELM energy up to twofold. Operation close to the L-H-threshold is accompanied by low ELM frequency and large 2 ELM heat loads. Using linear stability calculations, ELM energy densities are shown to be inversely proportional to the most unstable linear mode number before the ELM crash. There are indications that the scatter in the data when compared with the Eich model prediction is caused by including only a limited set out of all quantities in the model that are considered by linear stability analysis. While further ELM studies near the LH threshold are of great priority, the overall agreement of DIII-D with the Eich model recommends its use in extrapolations towards ITER.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/aace92},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 9,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}