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Title: Beyond fossil fuel–driven nitrogen transformations

Nitrogen is fundamental to all of life and many industrial processes. The interchange of nitrogen oxidation states in the industrial production of ammonia, nitric acid, and other commodity chemicals is largely powered by fossil fuels. Here, a key goal of contemporary research in the field of nitrogen chemistry is to minimize the use of fossil fuels by developing more efficient heterogeneous, homogeneous, photo-, and electrocatalytic processes or by adapting the enzymatic processes underlying the natural nitrogen cycle. These approaches, as well as the challenges involved, are discussed in this Review.
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ; ORCiD logo [4] ; ORCiD logo [5] ;  [6] ; ORCiD logo [7] ; ORCiD logo [8] ;  [9] ; ORCiD logo [10] ; ORCiD logo [8] ; ORCiD logo [11] ; ORCiD logo [12] ; ORCiD logo [13] ; ORCiD logo [14] ; ORCiD logo [15] ; ORCiD logo [16]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. The Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX (United States)
  3. Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States)
  4. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  5. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  6. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  7. Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)
  8. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  9. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  10. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  11. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  12. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  13. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  14. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  15. Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  16. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 360; Journal Issue: 6391; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; nitrogen; fossil fuels; chemistry
OSTI Identifier: