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Title: Resolution extension by image summing in serial femtosecond crystallography of two-dimensional membrane-protein crystals

Previous proof-of-concept measurements on single-layer two-dimensional membrane-protein crystals performed at X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) have demonstrated that the collection of meaningful diffraction patterns, which is not possible at synchrotrons because of radiation-damage issues, is feasible. Here, the results obtained from the analysis of a thousand single-shot, room-temperature X-ray FEL diffraction images from two-dimensional crystals of a bacteriorhodopsin mutant are reported in detail. The high redundancy in the measurements boosts the intensity signal-to-noise ratio, so that the values of the diffracted intensities can be reliably determined down to the detector-edge resolution of 4 Å. The results show that two-dimensional serial crystallography at X-ray FELs is a suitable method to study membrane proteins to near-atomic length scales at ambient temperature. The method presented here can be extended to pump–probe studies of optically triggered structural changes on submillisecond timescales in two-dimensional crystals, which allow functionally relevant large-scale motions that may be quenched in three-dimensional crystals.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; 12-ERD-031; AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
IUCrJ
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: IUCrJ Journal Volume: 5 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2052-2525
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
OSTI Identifier:
1437805